★ Cinema of Ireland
The Irish film industry has already increased somewhat in recent years, partly due to the strengthening of the sector by Bord Scannan hEireann and at the imposition of heavy taxes. According to the Irish audiovisual content production sector analysis of the Irish actor Board and PricewaterhouseCoopers in 2008 this sector had gone from 1.000 people employed six or seven years ago, to more than 6.000 people in this sector and now is estimated at over €557.3 million, 0.3% of GDP.
According to an article in Variety magazine covering Irish cinema, a decade ago Ireland had only two films has Anyone heard Of: Neil Jordan and Jim Sheridan. As of 2010, Ireland can boast more than a dozen Directors and writers with significant and growing international reputation. Currently, Ireland is achieving critical mass of filmmaking talent to match this influence, disproportionate to its small size, which he always enjoyed in the fields of literature and theatre. Following in the footsteps of Sheridan and Jordan comes a generation that includes such Directors as lenny Abrahamson, Conor McPherson, John Crowley, Martin McDonagh, John Michael McDonagh, John Carney, Kirsten Sheridan, lance Daly, paddy and I and Damien Odonnell writers such as mark ORowe, ENDA Walsh and mark OHalloran.
Former Minister of arts, sport and tourism Martin Cullen said that in the 2008-2010" the film industry is the cornerstone of a smart and creative digital economy”. But, as well as specific economic benefits that the Irish film industry brings in by way of cash investment from overseas and the associated VAT, income tax and receipt of the PIF, it was noted that there are benefits in terms of development and forecasting of Irish culture and tourism development.
A big-budget international productions keep crews working and are of great importance for the country, the local industry, which is the basis of creating opportunities and gives skills and experience of Irish producers, Directors, writers and crew, telling stories that arise from Ireland talent. Some of the most successful Irish films include the wind that shakes the barley 2006, 2003 intermission, man about dog 2004, Michael Collins 1996, Angelas Ashes 1999, the commitments 1991, after the notorious 2007 and 2017. Mrs Browns DMovie 2014 boys holds the record for the biggest gross on the opening day of Irish film in Ireland. Notorious 2017 on the other hand holds the record for grossing Irish documentary of all time.
In the past many films were censored or banned, largely due to the influence of the Catholic Church with films including "the Great dictator", 1940, "a Clockwork orange" in 1971, and the Life of Brian 1979 banned at different times, although virtually no cuts or bans have been issued in recent years, one in August 2006. The Irish film censors office policy is that personal choice for the viewer, given his work to study and classify films, not censor them.
1. Ireland as a location. (Ирландии в качестве места)
The first feature film shot in Ireland was the Kalem company lad from old Ireland 1910, which was also the first American film shot on location outside the United States. It was Director Sidney Olcott, who returned next year to shoot more than a dozen films, mostly in the small town of Beaufort County Kerry. Olcott planned to run a permanent Studio in Beaufort, but the outbreak of the First World war prevented him to do so.
The Irish government was one of the first in Europe to see the potential benefit to the state of having a competitive tax incentive for investment in film and television, using the revised and improved version of his article 481 tax incentive in 2015, which gives industrial businesses a tax credit is 32%, when making certain films. Other countries have recognized the success of stimulating Ireland and meet or introduced a lower tax incentive. After a long process of lobbying was a significant improvement made to the section 481 relief for investment in film projects in 2009 to increase employment in the sector and help to restore Ireland as an attractive location for film and television production.
Kevin Moriarty, managing Director of Ardmore studios believes that Ireland is an attractive place of the film, as there is now recognition for the quality of the Irish film industry and a perception that Ireland is a good place to shoot.
Famous movies that were filmed in Ireland include the quiet man 1952, the lion in winter 1968, the first great train robbery 1979, Excalibur 1981, 1995 Braveheart, reign of fire 2002, King Arthur 2004, the guard 2011, Star Wars: the Force awakens 2015 and Star Wars: the Last Jedi 2017.
2. Cinemas in Ireland. (Кинотеатры в Ирландии)
The first cinema in Ireland, the Volta, was opened at 45 Mary street, Dublin, in 1909 the writer James Joyce.
Ireland has a high rate of the theaters visited Europes highest.
There are several cinema chains operating in Ireland. Among them, the Odeon cinema, formerly the UCI / Storm cinemas, attractions, IMC cinemas omniplex and IMC are owned by the group ward Anderson, cineworld, Vue and cinema movies.
3. Animated films. (Анимационные фильмы)
Ireland has been home to several noteworthy producers of animated films in recent years. Sullivan Bluth studios was opened in 1979 as a production of don Bluth, with its main seat in Dublin, to create animated films by Director don Bluth and producer Morris Sullivan. Some films shot in Sullivan Bluth family Irish Studio include 1988s the Land before time, 1989s All dogs go to heaven together with the British Goldcrest films and 1991s rock-a-Doodle. Many of these films competed favourably with the productions of Walt Disney at the time. However, after a number of cash outs in early to mid-1990s years, including 1994 Thumbelina and a Troll in Central Park and 1995s the pebble and the Penguin, the Studio soon went bankrupt and was closed in 1995.
Today Ireland has many animation studios that produce television and commercial animation, feature films and co-productions. Cartoon saloon, founded in 1999 by Paul young and Tomm Moore, is one of the most prolific. He released the award-winning series skunk Fu! as well as a feature film, model 2009 the Secret of Kells, animated primarily with traditional paper and pencil hand-drawn animation and the registration of fictitious record about the creation of the book of Kells. The film was nominated for the 82nd Oscar for Best animated feature. Cartoon saloon has more feature films in production, including the song of the sea, released in 2014.
4. Legislation. (Законодательство)
Act film of the 1970s laid the Foundation for the expansion of the Irish film industry. It provides, among other things, very advantageous tax incentives for films and foreign resident artists. A number of world-famous authors, including len Deighton, Frederick Forsyth, and Richard Condon took advantage of the allowances, residing in Ireland for several years. The film act of 1970 was the result of an initial collaboration between the Prime Minister Jack Lynch and Lynn Harrison, Director of aerial films, who shared related with the Prime Minister. The film act of 1970 became the basis for other national film acting throughout Europe and America.
5. The Irish Film Board. (Совет Ирландский Фильм)
On bord Scannan hEireann / Irish film Board IFB is the national development Agency Irish film industry investing in their talents, creativity and entrepreneurship. The Agency supports and promotes the Irish film industry and Ireland as a location for international production.
The Irish film Board was established in 1981 to boost the local industry, and one of the first supported projects was the outcasts in 1982. After the infamous closure of the Irish film Council in 1987, Irish stories and filmmakers continued to break through with great international success of "My left foot" Jim Sheridan, the crying game Neil Jordan, the commitments, Alan Parker are all made with non-Irish Finance. The success of these projects coupled with intensive local lobbying led to the restoration of the Irish film Board in 1993.
Many critics of the film point to the fact that the Irish film manufacturing process leaves much to be desired, as most of the films that are chosen for funding do little or no business outside the country, and are popular in Ireland. However, IFB funded films like intermission, I went down, man about dog, the wind that shakes the barley and Adam & Paul have proved popular with domestic audiences and have all done respectable business in Irish cinemas. As Oscar-winning film and winner of the palm Dor, the wind that shakes the barley have experienced international success over the last couple of years. Once that was made on a shoestring budget, took more than $ 10 million in the US box office and more than 20 in the world the ticket is million. while the wind that shakes the barley was distributed theatrical in 40 territories around the world.
Over the last four years Irish films tested and received awards at international film festivals, including Cannes, Sundance, Berlin, Toronto, Venice, London, York, Edinburgh and Pusan.
The wind that shakes the barley won the prestigious "Palme dor" Dor prize for Best film at the Cannes film festival in 2006, while the garage, directed by lenny Abrahamson, picked up the CICEA award at Directors fortnight at the festival in 2007. After winning the audience award at the Sundance film festival in 2007, when he won the prize for Best foreign film Independent spirit award in 2008 and the Academy award for best original song. The Irish short film Six shooter won the Academy award for Best short film in 2006, while the short film New boy was nominated for the same award in 2009.
In 2009 a record seven IFB funded films have been officially selected for the international film festival in Toronto. However unlike Toronto, Irish film distributors are less reluctant to screen homegrown movies.
Tony Kelly criticized the insistence of the Board on the financing of "non-commercial movie." Paul Melia has also criticised the IFB over its slowness in providing funding.
The Minister for arts, sport and tourism Martin Cullen has addressed recently the issue of commercial success to say that" tip the film offers the chance to make films for a small audience and not necessarily for big commercial success but which have real quality. That offers the opportunity to people who can go on to make their mark. Whether its the actors, Director or crew, many of the people who work on these films are not going to succeed if they were given their first chance. People can only get experience by giving them the opportunity.”
6. Survey 2005 top 10. (Исследование 2005 года ТОП 10)
In 2005 Jameson whiskey-sponsored poll selected the top 10 Irish movies: results below.
- Inside Dance 2004. (Внутри Танца 2004)
- Veronica Guerin 2003. (Вероника Герин 2003)
- The Quiet Man 1952.
- In the name of the Father 1993.
- In Box 1990. (В Коробке 1990)
- Intermission 2003. (Антракт 2003)
- Nimble 1993. (Юркий 1993)
- Michael Collins 1996. (Майкл Коллинз 1996)
- My Left Foot 1989.
- The commitments 1991. (Обязательства 1991)
Critically acclaimed Irish films released after this survey was taken include the wind that shakes the barley, once, the Secret of Kells, song of the sea, garage, security guard, and Brooklyn.
7. The Irish Film & Television Award. (Ирландский Фильм & Телевидение)
Irish film and television award has been awarded since 1999, and in its current form since 2003. "Best Irish film" winners were:
- 2003: intermission. (2003: антракт)
- 2005: Dance Them. (2005: Потанцуем)
- 2016: the room. (2016: номер)
- 2013: What Richard Did.
- 2012: the Guard. (2012: охранник)
- 2009: hunger. (2009: голод)
- : Calvary 2014. (Голгофа 2014)
- 2008: garage. (2008: гараж)
- 2015: Songs of the sea.
- 2004: Ohm. (2004: ом)
- 2007: the wind that shakes the barley.
- 2017: a date for Mad Mary.
- 2011: As If Im Not There.
- 2010: Eclipse. (2010: затмение)
- The Cinema of Northern Ireland is small. Traditionally the majority of films made in or about Northern Ireland have focused almost entirely on the Troubles
- America Cinema of Europe Cinema of Oceania Cinema of Afghanistan Cinema of Albania Cinema of Algeria Cinema of Argentina Cinema of Armenia Cinema of Australia
- ODEON, is a cinema brand name operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Norway, which along with UCI Cinemas and Nordic Cinema Group is part of the Odeon
- Ireland by the BBC and TG4. Northern Ireland Screen provides funding to a number of key projects relating to cinema in the region, including: Belfast Film
- The Savoy Cinema is the oldest operational cinema in Dublin, and it is the preferred cinema in Ireland for film premieres. The cinema was built in 1929
- under one single Sky Cinema branding: on 8 July 2016, the channels in the UK and Ireland were rebranded from Sky Movies to Sky Cinema on 22 September in
- United Kingdom and Ireland now totalling 89 cinemas Vue s multiplexes vary from 4 to 30 screens. Each cinema is run by a team consisting of one general manager
- Irish Multiplex Cinemas or the IMC Cinema Group is a cinema chain in Ireland It operates cinemas throughout Ireland and Northern Ireland It was part
- operate cinemas in Brazil, China, Germany, Ireland Italy, Japan, Portugal, Spain, Taiwan, and the UK. In the UK, the company operated cinemas under the
- is an independent four - screen cinema in Belfast, Northern Ireland It is one of the two remaining independent cinemas in Belfast, alongside the Queen s
- lists of those films that have been particularly well received, both critically and financially. 2014 in film 2014 in Ireland Cinema of Ireland List of Irish
- Nesbitt Stephen Rea Ray Stevenson Richard Dormer See also Cinema of Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Screen, a government agency financed by Invest NI and
- The Adelphi Cinema was a city centre film theatre on Middle Abbey Street, in Dublin, Ireland from 1939 to 1995. This 2, 304 - seat Art Moderne style movie
- as Cineworld. UGC s chain in the UK and Ireland consisted of UK: 41 cinemas 391 screens Ireland 1 cinema 17 screens. In July 2005, Cineworld began
- The Grafton Cinema was a film theatre on Grafton Street in Dublin, Ireland which operated for over sixty years. Known originally as the Grafton Picture
- Lighthouse Cinema may refer to: Lighthouse Cinema Kolkata Kolkata, West Bengal, India Light House Cinema Dublin, Ireland Light House Media Centre
- Two Door Cinema Club is a band from Northern Ireland The band formed in 2007 and is composed of three members: Alex Trimble vocals, rhythm guitar, beats
- 54.661 - 5.661 The Tonic Cinema was built in 1936 in Bangor, Northern Ireland At the time it was the largest Cinema in Ireland with 2, 001 seats. It was
- Sites in Ireland Art in Ireland Cinema of Ireland Literature of Ireland Music of Ireland Television in Ireland Theatre in Ireland Sports in Ireland Association
- cinema is a cinema on wheels. An example is the Screen machine Mobile Cinema of Scotland, which provides conventional up - to - date 35mm screenings of recent
- House Cinemas Ltd is a chain of cinemas based in Northern Ireland The company predominantly covers County Antrim, however it also has cinemas in County
- The Carlton Cinema is a former cinema located on O Connell Street in Dublin, Ireland opposite the Savoy Cinema The cinema opened on 16 April 1938 with
- of the Academy Awards. British Film Institute Cinema of Northern Ireland Cinema of Scotland Cinema of Wales Cine - variety Hollywood and the United Kingdom
- Free Cinema was a documentary film movement that emerged in the United Kingdom in the mid - 1950s. The term referred to an absence of propagandised intent
- chronology of films produced in Ireland Cinema of Ireland Category: Films shot in Ireland Cinema of Northern Ireland List of films set in Ireland List of films
- World cinema is not the sum - total of all films made around the world. Its use is analogous to the use of the term world literature Goethe used the concept
- country, with 131 screens in total. The ultimate beneficial owner of Empire Cinemas Ltd is Irish entrepreneur Thomas Anderson. Anderson also owns Inspiration
- cinema refers to Indian films produced in Marathi, the language of the state of Maharashtra, India. Based in old Mumbai, it is the oldest and one of the
- Irish and foreign language films overlooked by commercial multiplexes at its cinemas in the Temple Bar quarter of Dublin. It maintains an archive of Irish
- The Irish Film Theatre IFT was a cinema dedicated to showing art films in Dublin in Ireland from 1977 to 1984. The Arts Council of Ireland established
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