★ Cinema of Pakistan
Cinema of Pakistan and Pakistani cinema refers to the film industry in Pakistan. Pakistan is home to several studios and film centers, mainly in the two largest cities Karachi and Lahore. Pakistani cinema plays an important role in Pakistani culture and in recent years began a new prosperity after years of decline, providing entertainment for audiences in Pakistan and abroad. Few film industries, based in Pakistan, which, as a rule, regional and niche in nature. For 10.000 feature Urdu films were produced in Pakistan since 1948 and more than 8000 Punjabi, Pashto and 6000 2000 full length Hindi movies. The first film ever created was Husn ka daku with in 1930, directed by Abdur Rashid Kardar in Lahore. The first Pakistani film was Teri Yaad, directed by Daud Chand in 1948. Between 1947 and 2007, Pakistani cinema was founded in Lahore, the largest film industry peoples. Pakistani films in this period attracted a large audience and had a strong cult following, was part of the cultural mainstream, widely available and imitated by the masses. In the early 1970-ies Pakistan the worlds fourth-largest producer of feature films. However, between 1977 and 2007, the film industry of Pakistan has gone sour because of Islamization, strengthening of laws on censorship and a complete lack of quality. During the 1980-ies and 1990-ies, the film industry has experienced several periods of UPS and downs, a reflection of its dependence on state funding and incentives. By the year 2000, the film industry in Lahore collapsed and saw the gradual transition of Pakistani actors, Actresses, producers and Directors from Lahore to Karachi. By 2007, the wounds of Pakistans film industry collapsed and began to treat and Karachi have established ourselves as the center of the Pakistani movie. It was time for a new generation of producers have stepped in the industry with short films with the story line quality and new technologies has led to an explosion of alternative forms of Pakistani cinema. The shift was seen by many as the leading cause of "revival of Pakistani cinema". Despite the crisis in the industry since the mid-1980s, years of Pakistani films have retained their identity. Since the transition to Karachi, Pakistani movies once again begun to attract a strong cult following.
1.1. History. Silent era 1929-1946. (Немой эпохи 1929-1946)
History of cinema in Pakistan began in 1929, when Abdur Rashid Kardar he established his own Studio and production company under the name of United players Corporation, later renamed Playart Phototone, that would be a cornerstone in the Lahore film industry. After investigation on the ground, he settled in their offices must be created on Ravi road. In the dim lit area presented many difficulties and the shooting was possible only in daylight, but nevertheless in the area were some very important milestones, like Ravi the forest and the tombs of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and his wife Nur Jahan. It is reported that the team is working in the Studio will go on tangas and even once lost equipment during travel on bumpy roads in a horse cart. However basic and crude their working conditions, Kardar believed in his work and in 1930 he produced the first silent film in Lahore Husn Ka daku with a mysterious eagle, under the banner of his Studio. The film was a moderate success in theaters, but prominently established Lahore as the functioning of the film industry. Cardura vowed not valid in any other film, and instead focusing on direction. Immediately after that, the Studio released the film sarfarosh Profile brave heart in 1931, with Gul Hameed playing the lead role, with more or less the same actors as in the previous film. This production proved to be as attractive, but was able to stir up noise in the Lahore film industry. Roop Lal shori, who was a resident of Brandreth road in Lahore, Lahores hearing about the growing film industry, returned to his hometown and made Kismat Ke fer Egyptian life after death in 1932, which would firmly ground the film industry in Lahore. In 1946, Reza Gul setup a new Studio in Multan on the road. The following year, the company eveready paintings were created by J. C. Anand, who was to become the largest film production and distribution company in Pakistan.
1.2. History. Independence and growth 1947-1958. (Независимость и рост 1947-1958)
In 1947, after Pakistan was created from India, Lahore became the centre of cinema in Pakistan. After independence, there was a shortfall of film equipment, which initially paralyzed the film industry. Difficulties faced, the first feature film of Pakistan, Teri Yaad released on 7 Aug, 1948, premiering in Parbhat theatre in Lahore. Over the next few years, films that were released reached modest success before the release of do Ansoo on 7 April 1950. Do Ansoo became the first film to attain a 25-week viewing making it the first film to achieve the status of "silver" anniversary. The recovery was obvious with Noor Jehans directorial debut Chanwey releasing on 29 April 1951. The film was the first directed by a female Director. Syed Faqir Ahmad Shah produced his first film with a heavy budget in 1955 "Nazrana" Saqlain Rizvi and Murtaza si Directors, Syed Faqir Ahmad released his second film, Jagga "in 1958, directed by his son Saqlain Rizvi, the film remained midioker in the movie. As the audience of cinemas increased, Sassi released on 3 June 1954 eveready pictures made up of Golden jubilee status staying on screens in 50 weeks. Legendary playback singer Ahmed Rushdie started his career in April 1955 after performing his first song in Pakistan "Kemari road Bandar SE". Umar Marvi released on 12 March 1956 became the first Pakistani film made in the Sindhi language. To celebrate the success of these endeavours, film journalist Ilyas Rashidi launched an annual awarding ceremony on 17 July 1958. Named Nigar awards, the event has since been considered Pakistans Premier awards ceremony celebrating outstanding performance in various categories movie.
1.3. History. The Golden Age 1959-1977. (Золотой Век 1959-1977)
The 1960s years are often referred to as the Golden age of Pakistani cinema. Many stars were introduced during this period which would go on to become legends movie on the silver screen. As black-and-white became obsolete, Pakistan had the first colour films. Some which have the status of the first few DILS Munshi Azra in early 1960s, years, Zahir Raihans Sangam first feature-length color film, released on 23 April 1964, and a small first color cinema scope film. In 1962, Shaheed was released, which presented Palestinian conflict to the Pakistanis rental, and instantly became a hit. In 1962, Pakistans most versatile actor Mohammad Ali debut in Charagh Yalta Raha. She was full Fatima Jinnah on March 9, 1962 at Nishat cinema in Karachi. In September 1965, after the war between Pakistan and India, all Indian films were totally banned. The light of the ban existed since 1952 in West Pakistan and since 1962 in East Pakistan, but is provided only after the 1965 war. Pakistani cinemas are not strongly affected by the decision to remove the films and instead received better attendance. Realizing the potential, Waheed Murad stepped into the industry. His persona led people to call him "the chocolate soldier" and, in fact, he became the Marlon Brando and Elvis Presley of Pakistan. In 1966, the hotel armaan was released and became one of the most beloved movies in Urdu to ever let go. The film is, as they say, gave birth to Pakistani pop music, through the introduction of phonograms legends composer Sohail Rana and singer Ahmed Rushdie. The film became the first to complete a 75-week screening at cinemas across the country achieve the status of platinum jubilee.Waheed Murad had been picturised in the song for the first time in Director Saqlain Rizvis "Mamta released in 1963. Another rising star during this period was Nadeem Baig, who got instant fame with his debut film Chakori in 1967. In the same year, he will act in another film of a different genre. Horror films were introduced with the release of Zinda Laash, making it the first Pakistani film to display the tag estimation R on his posters. Meanwhile, the magazine of the East movies, the tabloid edited by said Haroon, became the most popular magazine for film fans in Pakistan. In the magazine there was a section of questions and answers titled "Yours Impishly" which the sub-editor Asif nurani drew inspiration From the pages of S. I. Johars in magazine Indias solo. The tabloids, as they got their first controversial covers with the release of Neela Parbat on 3 January 1969, which became Pakistans first feature film, the adults-only tag. It ran for only three to four days at the box office. More controversial still are proposals on the allocation of rights in the middle East to the Palestinian guerrilla organisation "al-Fath", the writer, producer and Director Riaz Shahid for his film Zarqa released on 17 October 1969. He depicted the activities of the organization. By the late 1960s and early 1970s, polit
1.4. History. Reduction 1977-2000. (1977-2000 сокращения)
Pakistani movie went into decline in the regime of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, who began to Islamicise the country. One of the first victims of this socio-political changes of the Pakistani cinema. The introduction of new registration laws for film producers requiring filmmakers to degree holders, where not many were, led to a sharp decline in the industry. The government forcibly closed most of the cinemas in Lahore. New tax rates were introduced, further decreasing cinema attendances. Other factors, such as VCRs and piracy of the film adversely affects the growth of the industry.
Aina, released on 18 March 1977, marked a symbolic break between the so-called liberal Zulfikar Ali Bhutto years and the more conservative end of the revolutionary Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. The film lasted in theaters for more than 400 weeks, with the last screening at the Scala in Karachi, where he worked for over four years. It is considered the most popular film of all time. Films decreased with a total output of 98 in 1979, of which 42 were in Urdu, to only 58 films, 26 of which were in Urdu in 1980. The film industry was now on the verge of collapse as people began to turn away from the movie. The filmmakers left in the industry, employed flaccid storylines for the production of Punjabi cult classics like maula jatt in 1979, telling the story of a gandasa-carrying protagonist waging a blood-feud with a local gangster. Growing censorship policies against displays of affection, not violence, was a blow for the industry. As a result, the violence-ridden Punjabi films prevailed and overshadowed the Urdu cinema. Middle class to ignore all the dilapidated and rowdy cinemas. This sub-culture, the film became known as gandasa culture. In Punjabi movie Sultan Rahi and Anjuman became iconic figures of this culture. In Pashto cinema, filmmakers were able to get around the Censor policies and filled their films with soft porn, in order to increase the number of views. This was done by support of influential politicians.
The once romantic and attractive image of Pakistani cinema in the 1960s and 1970s, the years turned into a culture of violence and vulgarity in the 1980-ies. Oddly enough, this came when the government, under the regime of Zia ul Haqs were trying to "Islamize" the country. Being an actress associated with the current crop of productions, it became clear taboo, and many middle-class people began to avoid these films. However, the influx of refugees from Afghanistan, who were denied the entertainment in their own country, have preserved Pashto cinema alive until Punjabi movie was called young single men from rural areas of Punjab. In 1983, the legendary actor Waheed Murad was killed and another blow to the cinema industry. Some claim that he committed suicide while the media attributed his death to his disheartened view after the collapse of the Pakistani cinema. The Director of his unfinished film hero, employed cheat shots to complete the film and released on sold-out theaters across the country. This enthusiasm soon disappeared and not even Pakistans first science fiction film Shaani in 1989 directed by: Saeed Rizvi using sophisticated special effects, could save the industry. He received the award at the Moscow film festival and even in Egypt and Korea, but, unfortunately, have been frozen in Pakistan.
1.5. History. The collapse of the 1990 to 2002. (Распад 1990 по 2002 год)
In the early 1990-ies, Pakistans film industry was gripped with certain doom. Of the several dozen studios across the country, only 11 were operational producing around 100 films annually. At present, the annual output dropped to around 40 films, all produced by one Studio. Other productions would be independent of any Studio usually financed by the filmmakers. This number will be even smaller, as the Studio went to the production of short plays and television commercials. The death of Waheed Murad in 1983 was only the beginning of the collapse of iconic movie stars of the 60-ies, which further led to the decline in interest. Anjuman away from signing playback, Sultan Rahi was murdered in 1996, the Director of the Sangeet to put his career on hold to participate in family life, while Nazrul Islam died. The controversy raged for the 1998 film Jinnah, produced by Akbar Salahuddin Ahmed and directed by Jamil Dehlavi. Objections about the choice of actor Christopher Lee as the main character, depicting Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the inclusion of Indian Shashi Kapoor as the Archangel Gabriel in the cast combined with the experimental nature of the script. Imran Aslam, editor of the international, stated that the author wrote the script in a "haze of hashish". By 1999, the rush of new films began to release. Funny Meray meeting of the group sathi produced and distributed by eveready pictures celebrated its Golden jubilee of attracting spectators to the cinema for 66 weeks. Other hits were Syed Noors film 1995 Jiva, Syed Rizvis Sarkata Insaan and his film in 1997 Jazeera Tilismih. 1998 saw the release Noors Choorian, a Punjabi film, which grossed Rs180 million rupees. In 1999 the Russia-Pakistan joint venture that was produced and theatre SAMINA Inteha. Other famous productions of the late 90-ies included Deewane Tere full profile to pyar ke by Mujhe Chand Chahiye, Sangam, Tere full profile pyar Mein, and Ghar KAB AAO gay, who was trying to get away from the formulaic and violent story lines. It was predicted that the Pakistani cinema would revive. However, the public did not respond and low attendance in cinemas was recorded as a lower middle class avoided these films. The industry was declared dead at the beginning of the new Millennium. By the early 2000s, "industry that once produced an average of 80 movies a year, now struggling even tried to do more than two films a year." Partial successes were recorded with a Chaser Panjaban and jawed Sheikh e DIL AAP Ka Huwa cash for Rs200 million rupees.
1.6. History. The awakening and revival 2003-2011. (Пробуждение и возрождение 2003-2011)
By 2003, young filmmakers in Karachi began to experiment with film and released low-budget films, to demonstrate that quality content can be produced in Pakistan with limited resources. Cinema was declining in all the major cities and the revival of the cinema had spread to the media. The privatization of television stations in full swing, a new channel Filmazia Pakistani airing old movies and new low-budget. In this period Mahesh Bhatt, famous Indian film Director, visited Pakistan looking for talent, especially singers who could lend their voices to its upcoming movies in India. His visit to Pakistan to coincide with the third Kara film festival, where he showed his film Paap in Karachi. Bhatt would later hire Atif Aslam for the soundtrack of his film Zeher and Pakistani actress Mira to play a leading role in one of his films. By 2005, a gradual transition began as a result of Karachi, to replace Lahore as the film hub of the country. Many filmmakers, producers, Directors moved to Karachi to take advantage of new opportunities. In August 2007, Shoaib Mansoor directed and produced Khuda Ke Liye - it was a surprise instant hit at the box office and brought the middle class to the theaters due to its controversial topic of the fight against Pakistans social issues. The film was also released internationally, including in India, where she became the first Pakistani film was released after four decades. The song Khuda Kay is seen by many as a revival of cinema in Pakistan and cementing Karachi in Pakistani cinema and show-business capital. Despite the continuous optimism of the Renaissance, progress remains slow. Along with geo films, "the Pakistan new cinema movement" was released in 2009, about 1.400 members who contributed to the establishment of contacts to promote new film projects. A few films were released after the song Khuda Kay who saw only limited success, including the project of Shaan Shahids directorial Chupa, Syed Noors price of honor, Iqbal Kashmiris Devdas, the son of Pakistan Syed Faisal Bukharis Saltanat, Reema khans love Mein Ghum., Bhai log and Mehreen by Jabbarli Ramchand Pakistan. However, it was Shoaib Mansoor to the rescue again with this 2011 film bol, which Brooke box office records in Pakistan.
1.7. History. New wave 2011. (Новая волна 2011)
Shoaib Mansoors Bol, it would seem, officially "revived" the cinema of Pakistan. 2013 brought with it seven Pakistani films that were released theatrical in Pakistan, and led commentators to ponder whether its time to announce the harbinger of a new wave of Pakistani cinema. Since 2011 from the digital scene two films have stood out with box office success as grossing Pakistani films, Waar later main Hoon Shahid Afridi. However, as some commentators cautioned, declaring a film a hit or failure is determined by the relationship between budget and box office receipts of the film, so some of the top grossing films of Pakistan were technically not beaten. However, the lack of box office returns of a Pakistani film has nothing to do with the film itself, but in a strictly limited number of screens in Pakistan. Another film, Zinda Bhaag run for your life, 2013 was the critically acclaimed the reviewers called it the best film that came out of contemporary Pakistani cinema and a "new metaphor for Pakistani cinema" that "refers to the ability to mark Pakistans imports in the coming years." Zinda Bhaag went on to be Pakistans official submission to the foreign film category Oscar, the first after a break of fifty years, but did not make the final shortlist of nominees.
The resurgence of new Pakistani movie centers around the use of digital equipment and makes use of cheaper distribution, compatible with CP cinemas which started to convert around 2011, increasing rapidly in 2014 about 30 all over the country cinemas. Shoaib Mansoors Khuda Kay songs Bol 2007 and 2011, it seemed that ushered in the revival of Pakistani cinema. By 2013, the number of Pakistani films has been releasing - for the first time in over a decade. He led commentators suggest that it was time to announce the harbinger of a new wave of Pakistani cinema.2013 was a great year for Pakistani cinema. In March, Siyaah the value of the jet black was the first Thriller horror film will be released in Pakistan for 20 years. Director Azfar Jafri and written by Osman Khalid butt, the film starred Hareem Farooq, Qazi Jabbar, Olga and Usman, Ahmed Ali Akbar. The film was about dissociative identity disorder patient who uses black magic against unsuspecting relatives. The film grossed over ₨2.65 crore us$260.000 in cash. Next month Chambaili, Urdu-language political Thriller Directed by Ismail Jilani, was released starring Salmaan Peerzada, Khalid Ahmed Mohammed Ehteshamuddin, Maira Khan, Shafqat chima and Ghulam Added also made a special appearance. The film was a political drama exploring the theme of political corruption in Pakistan. Since the flower Chambaili flower, the Lily is the national flower of Pakistan, the film-makers intention to promote patriotism and nationalism in Pakistan. The film is made ₨ 20 million$140.000 in cash. Waar Wār, IPA, meaning "the strike" became the winner of 2013. Action-Thriller film Directed by Bilal Lasaro and has written and produced Hassan Rana presented Shaan Shahid, Meesha Shafi, Ali Azmat, Shamuna Abbasi, Aisha Khan and Kamran Lasaro. At the time of its release became the highest grossing Pakistani film. It was the broken release 2015 Benefit will cope nahi Ani. The film shows the events surrounding the war on terror in Pakistan including the attack on police Academy in Lahore in 2009. Several other movies were also released in the period from April to October, including the Ishq Khuda film Director Shahzad Rafiq, Josh: independence through unity Director IRAM Parveen Bilal, main Hoon Shahid Afridi directed by Syed Ali Raza Osama, Zinda Bhaag is a mine Gaur and sprouts Mansoor Mujahid. Main Hoon Shahid Afridi was the action-drama film Directed by Syed Ali Raza Osama and produced by Humayun Saeed and Shahzad Nasib. The film stars Humayun Saeed and Noman Javed Sheikh Habib in the lead role. Nadeem Baig, Shafqat of Cheema, Ismail Tara, Ainy Jaffri, Hamza Ali Abbasi and Shehzad Sheikh has also played an important role in the film, whilst Shahid Afridi and Ayesha Omar have made special appearances. The film earned ₨ 22 million US$160.000 in the first week of release. However, as some commentators cautioned, declaring a film a hit or failure is determined
2014 was wonderful year, Na Maloom Afraad unidentified persons receiving cash 2014. Pakistani Comedy Thriller film was co-written and directed by Nabeel Qureshi as his directorial debut. The film stars Javed Sheikh, Fahad Mustafa, Mohsin Abbas Haider supporting cast Uhhh Hocane, Kubra Khan and Salman Shahid. The story follows Shakeel Sheikh, Mustafa credentials and the moon Hayder, three poor people who are struggling to pursue all possible ways to become rich, all the trouble as they struggle to fulfill their desires and ambitions at the expense of doubtful moral side. Other films released in 2014 included Teamapparel Director Steven Moore, the Sultanate directed by Syed Faisal Bukhari, Dukhtar Director Afia Nathaniel, and O21 Director Jami.
2015 took off with the momentum of 2014 and 2013. Jalaibee is the meaning of twist action caper Thriller Directed by: Yasir Jaswal produced by eman Syed. Jalaibee was a joint production of Ary films and Redrum films in Association with Sermad films and Jaswal films. The film starred well-known actors TV Danish Taimoor and Ali Safina in the lead roles along with Adnan Jaffar, Sajid Hassan, originally Jaswal, Wiqar Ali Khan, the Imam and Zhalay Sarhadi Sauce. Jalaibee Pakistani was the first film shot with ARRI Alexa camera. and about the intertwined stories of numerous characters who are all struggling with their problems, and someone to connect on a unifying level. The film collected ₨ 5 million$35.000 to its release, as Malik Riaz bought 10.000 tickets in advance. The film had a good number of public announcements went out on their collection ₨ 1 million US $ 7.100-one of the largest collections in previews ever in Pakistan. In General, the film collected ₨ 7.50 crore us$530.000 in the domestic box office and around ₨ 3 crores us$210.000 abroad, Taking lives wholesale in ₨ 10.5 crore us$740.000 in late April. In may, Pakistans first 3D computer-animated adventure film was released. 3 Bahadur is burning. three brave men were prepared and sent to the Charmin Obaid-the Reason. It was the first part of the movie series 3 film series Bahadur, and was the co-producer of the animation Karam joint venture SNK films and Ary films. 3 Bahadur became Pakistans first computer-animated feature film. The film focuses on three eleven-year-old friends who rise from the most unexpected places to save their community from the evils that hinder it. The film is set in a fictional town called Roshan Basti the city of light. Equipped with courage and super powers, they fight against the odds and stand against injustice to restore peace and harmony in their once thriving community and live a very happy life. The film was released theatrical Ary films. It became the highest grossing animated film at the local box office, beating the previous record, Rio 2. It collected ₨ 6.63 crore us$470.000 after 50 days of successful screening in theaters and became the 7th highest grossing film in the history of Pakistani cinema. In the period from July to September, the number of films have been released since Ben ROI without tears. Romantic drama film Directed by Momina Duraid and Shahzad Kashmiri has shot Mahira Khan, Humayun Saeed, Armeena Khan, Zeba Bakhtiar and Javed Sheikh. One of the songs, the movies directed by Haissam Hussain. The film was based on the original novel bin Roye Ansoo by Farhat Ishtiaq and released worldwide on 18 July 18, 2015, the day of Eid-ul-Fitr. Ben Roy has received critical acclaim. He broke all records in the international markets is becoming one of the highest-grossing Pakistani films. Film Ben ROI was later adapted into a TV series of the same name, which premiered on Hum TV on October 2, 2016. Its success was followed by a Benefit will cope nahi Ani, who beca
2016 is a continuation of the momentum of the New age Pakistani movie Ho Mann Jahaan was released 1 Jan starring Adil Hussain, Mahira Khan, Sheheryar munawar the and Sonya Jehan together with veterans Bushra Ansari. The film opened a very successful office window and continued to work for several weeks, making it the third in the list of highest-grossing films of 2016 to earn 22.50 rupees only. Janaan and actor in the law as is open on the weekends, ID, becoming the first and second highest grossing films of 2016. 24 and 17.5 crores at the local box office 30 crores in the international box office.
2. Film festivals. (Кинофестивали)
- Festival-Wal Lahore film Eurasia.
- The Kara Film Festival.
- Pakistan International Film Festival.
- Festival Of Pakistani Movies - New York.
- LUMS International film festival FILUMS.
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