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Dame du Palais
                                     

★ Dame du Palais

The Dame du Palais, originally only a Dame, was a historic office at the Royal court of France. It was the title of a lady-in-waiting who held the official position of personal servant of a female member of the French Royal family. This position was traditionally held by a woman from a noble family. They were ranked between the premiere of dame dhonneur and Fille dhonneur. They used to be called ladies.

The equivalent title and position has historically been used in most European Royal courts Dutch: Dames du Palais, English: Lady of the Bedchamber, German: Hofstaatsdame or Palatsdame, Italian: Dame di Corte, Russian: Hofdame or Statsdame, Spanish: Dueña de honor, Swedish: Statsfru. The same title was used for equivalent positions in the courts of Belgium, Greece and the Netherlands.

                                     

1.1. History. Lady and lady Donner. (Леди и Леди Доннер)

Originally, married ladies-in-waiting who accompanied the Queen of France had the title "Lady". It was simply the title of a married lady-in-waiting who was not the chief lady-in-waiting.

Since 1523 group of ladies, married ladies who were present at court as companions of the Queen, had the official title of Dame dhonneur Lady of Honour, usually only Dame, hence the title of the Premiere dame dhonneur First lady of honour to distinguish main maid of honor from a group of other ordinary married ladies. They were third in rank below Dame datours and above the unmarried fille dhonneur maid of honor.

                                     

1.2. History. Dame de Palais

In 1674, the position of Fille dhonneur was abolished, and the ladies were renamed Dame du Palais.

Dame de palay was appointed from the highest nobility of France. Only married women were selected. Their task was to be companions of the Queen and attend events as part of her retinue. In 1674, their number was twelve.

This position was abolished with the introduction of the Republic in 1792. It was revived during the First Empire, with the same original position as the title of married lady-in-waiting below the title of Premier dame dhonneur. It was last used during the Second Empire.

                                     

2. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. (Список Дам дю Пале для Королев и императриц Франции)

This is an incomplete list of those who served as a Dame du Palais to the Queen or Empress of France. They also include those who before 1674 held the title of Dame formally Dame dhonneur, because it was the same office under different names. This position was usually shared by twelve women who worked in parallel. If an additional Dame du Palais was assigned to number twelve, they were usually called the Dame du palais surnumeraire.

                                     

2.1. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Lady to Eleanor of Austria 1532-1547. (Дама Элеоноре Австрийской 1532-1547)

  • Guillemette de Sarrebruck.
  • Jacqueline de Rohan, Marquise de Rothelin.
  • Jacqueline de Longwy.
  • Claude de Rohan-Gye.
  • Diane de Poitiers.
  • Anne de Pisseleu dHeilly.
                                     

2.2. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Lady Mary Stuart 1559-1560. (Леди Мария Стюарт 1559-1560)

  • 1559-1560: Maria Catherine Of Gondi.
  • 1559-1560: Jacqueline de Longwy.
                                     

2.3. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Lady Of Marie De Medici 1600-1632. (Дама Марии Медичи 1600-1632)

  • Louise Marguerite Of Lorraine.
  • Charlotte des Essarts.
                                     

2.4. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Dame du Palais Maria Theresa of Spain 1660-1683. (Дама дю Пале Мария Терезия испанская 1660-1683)

In 1674, Dame dhonneur was renamed Dame du Palais.

  • Françoise-Madeleine-Claude de Warignies, comtesse de Saint-Geran.
  • Isabelle de Ludres.
  • Françoise-Athenaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan.
  • Anne de Rohan-Chabot.
  • Elizabeth, Comtesse de Gramont.
                                     

2.5. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Dame du Palais to Marie Leszczynska 1725-1768

Many of the Dames du Palais of Marie Leszczynska were transferred to the court of Marie Antoinette in 1770 with the title of Dame pour accompaner and became dames du Palais again when Marie Antoinette became Queen in 1774.

  • 1734-1749: Madeleine-Angelique de Neufville de Villeroy, duchesse de Boufflers, puis de Luxembourg.
  • 1725-1729: Felice-Armande de La Porte-Mazarini, marquise de Nesle.
  • 1726-1734: Maria Josepha de Buffler, Duchess of dalenkor.
  • 1739-1768: Anne-Madeleine-Françoise dAuxy de Monceaux Fleury.
  • 1741-1751: Marie-Chretienne-Christine de Gramont, comtesse de Rupelmonde.
  • 1725-1726: Agnes Berthelot de Pleneuf, marquise de Prie.
  • 1725-1746: Garcie-Josephine-Petronille de Salcedo, comtesse de Merode.
  • 1729-1757: Catherine-Eleonore-Eugenie de Bethisy de Mezieres, princesse de Montauban.
  • 1725-1728: Henriette-Julie de Durfort, comtesse d’Egmont.
  • 1728-1739: Henrietta Fitzjames, Marquise de Renel.
  • 1727-1742: Amable-Gabrielle de Villars.
  • 1729-1742: Louise Julie de Mailly.
  • 1766-1768: Marie-Paule-Angelique dAlbert de Luynes, duchesse de Chaulnes.
  • 1762-1766: Marie-Helene-Charlotte Caillebot de La Salle, vicomtesse de Beaune.
  • 1725-1757: Francoise-Gillette de Montmorency-Luxembourg, Duchess of dantin.
  • 1725-1741: Edmee-Charlotte de Brenne, marquise de Matignon.
  • 1737-1762: Laure Fitz-James, marquise de Bouzols.
  • 1725-1740: Marie-Françoise de Rochechouart-Mortemart, princesse de Chalais.
  • 1756-1764: Madame de Pompadour.
  • 1742-1744: Marie Anne de Mailly.
  • 1740-1768: Marie-Elisabeth Chamillard, Marquise de Talleyrand.
  • 1749-1752: Alise-Tranquille de Clermont-Tonnerre, marquise de Montoison dame du palais surnumeraire.
  • 1725-1727: Jeanne-Angelique Rocque de Varengeville, duchesse de Villars.
  • 1753-1759: Anne-Marguerite-Gabrielle de Beauvau-Craon, duchesse de Mirepoix.
  • 1742-1766: Hortense Felicite de Mailly.
  • 1725-1741: Marie-Marguerite de Tourzel d’Alegre, marquise de Rupelmonde.
  • 1767-1768: Louise-Charlotte de Duras dame du palais surnumeraire.
  • 1757-1768: Maria Emilia Fitzjames, Marchioness of descars.
  • 1763-1768: Marie-Madeleine de Rosset de Fleury, duchesse de Beauvilliers.
  • 1725-1737: Julie-Cristina-Regina gorge d Antrag, the Duchess de béthune-Charest.
  • 1751-1768: Marie-Louise-Sophie de Faoucq de Garnetot, comtesse de Gramont.
  • 1757-1768: Marie-Anne-Julie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, comtesse de Clermont-Tonnerre.
  • 1725-1729: Marie Isabel de Rohan, Duchess of Tallard.
  • 1725-1740: Marie-Adelaïde de Gramont, duchesse de Biron, dite duchesse de Gontaut.
  • 1741-1762: Victoire-Louise-Joseph Goyon de Matignon, duchesse de Fitz-James.
  • 1762-1768: Laure-Auguste de FITZ-James, Princess de Chimay.
  • 1759-1768: Marie-Eleonore de Levis de Chateaumorand, comtesse de Tavannes.
  • 1747-1768: Maria Anna of the Philippines-Teresa de Montmorency-Logny, Duchess of Boufflers.
  • 1764-1768: Gabrielle Pauline dAdhemar.
  • 1746-1753: Marie-Françoise-Casimire de Froulay de Tesse, comtesse de Saulx.
  • 1737-1745: Marthe-Elisabeth de La Rochefoucauld de Roye, duchesse dAncis.
  • 1745-1748: Helene-Françoise-Angelique Phelypeaux de Pontchartrain, duchesse de Nivernais.
  • 1748-1768: Louise-Felicite de Brehan de Plelo, duchesse dAgenois puis dAiguillon.


                                     

2.6. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Dame du Palais to Marie Antoinette 1774-1792. (Дама дю Пале Марии Антуанетте 1774-1792)

Many of the palaces of Marie Antoinette were transferred to her from the former court of Maria Leszczynska in 1770. They held the title of Dame pour accompaner when Marie-Antoinette was Dauphine, and again became Dame du Palais when Marie-Antoinette became Queen in 1774.

  • 1774-1781: Marie-Paule-Angelique dAlbert de Luynes, Duchesse de Chaulnes.
  • 1774-1788: Guyonne-Marguerite-Philippine-Elisabeth de Durfort, Vicomtesse de Choiseul-Praslin.
  • 1788-1789: Gabrielle-Charlotte-Eugenie de Boisgelin, Comtesse de Gramont dAster.
  • 1774-1789: Madeleine-Suzanne-Adelaïde Voyer dArgenson de Paulmy, Duchesse de Luxembourg.
  • 1780-1789: Alexandrine-Victoire-Eleonore de Damas dAntigay, Comtesse de Talleyrand.
  • 1774-1780: Marie-Elisabeth Chamillard, Marquise de Talleyrand.
  • 1774-1789: Guyonne-Elisabeth-Josephe de Montmorency-Laval, Duchesse de Luynes.
  • 1780-1782: Therese-Lucy de Dillon dame du palais surnumeraire.
  • 1787-1789: Henriette-Lucy, Marquise de La Tour du Pin Gouvernet dame du palais surnumeraire.
  • 1774-1786: Marie-Madeleine de Rosset de Fleury, Duchesse de Beauvilliers.
  • 1784-1789: Marie-Louise de Bonnieres de Souastre de Guisnes, Comtesse de Juigne.
  • 1774-1775: Laure-Auguste de FITZ-James, Princess de Chimay.
  • 1786-1792: Louise-Emmanuelle de Chatillon, Princesse de Tarente.
  • 1781-1789: Marie-Therese-Josephe de Castellane, Princesse de Berghes.
  • 1774-1785: Marie-Eleonore de Levis de Chateaumorand, Comtesse de Tavannes.
  • 1788-1792: Madeleine-Angelique-Charlotte de Brehan, Duchesse de Maille.
  • 1774-1791: Louise-Charlotte de Duras.
  • 1782-1789: Louise de Polastron.
  • 1785-1789: Gabrielle-Charlotte-Eleonore de Saulx-Tavannes, Vicomtesse de Castellane.
  • 1774-1788: Marie-Louise-Sophie de Faoucq de Garnetot, Comtesse de Gramont.
  • 1781-1789: Marie-Sylvie-Claudine de Thiard de Bissy, Duchesse de Fitzjames.
  • 1775-1792: Colette-Marie-Paule-Hortense-Bernardine de Beauvilliers de Saint-Aignan, Marquise de La Roche-Aymon.
  • 1774-1781: Louise-Adelaïde-Victoire de Durfort de Civrac, Marquise de Clermont-Tonnerre.
  • 1778-1789: Adelaïde-Felicite-Etienette de Guinot de Monconseil, Princesse dHenin.
  • 1778-1789: Gabrielle Pauline dAdhemar.


                                     

2.7. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Dame du Palais to Josephine de Beauharnais 1804-1814

  • 1804-1809: Sophie de Segur.
  • 1804-1809: Madame Savary. (1804-1809: Мадам Савари)
  • 1804-1809: Madame darberg. (1804-1809: мадам дарберг)
  • 1804-1809: Madame Colbert. (1804-1809: Мадам Кольбер)
  • 1804-1809: Madame Seran.
  • 1804-1809: Elisabeth Baude de Talhouet.
  • 1804-1809: Agla Louise Auguste Ney.
  • 1804-1809: Marie-Antoinette Duchatelet. (1804-1809: Мария-Антуанетта Дюшатель)
  • 1804-1809: Madame Lauriston. (1804-1809: Мадам Лористон)
  • 1804-1809: Madame de Remusat.
  • 1804-1809: Elisabeth de Vaudey.
  • 1804-1809: Jeanne Charlotte du Lucay.
                                     

2.8. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Dame du Palais to Marie Louise 1810-1814

  • 1810-1814: Madame Montalivet. (1810-1814: Мадам Монталиве)
  • 1810-1814: Madame Gentili.
  • 1810-1814: Madame Lascaris. (1810-1814: Мадам Ласкарис)
  • 1810-1814: Madame Duchatelet. (1810-1814: Мадам Дюшатель)
  • 1810-1814: Madame Mortemart. (1810-1814: Мадам Мортемар)
  • 1810-1814: Madame Lauriston. (1810-1814: Мадам Лористон)
  • 1810-1814: Madame Noailles.
  • 1810-1814: Comtesses de Montmorency.
  • 1810-1814: Madame Brignol. (1810-1814: Мадам Бриньоль)
  • 1810-1814: Madame Peron. (1810-1814: Мадам Перон)
  • 1810-1814: Madame Ventimiglia.
  • 1810-1814: Madame Canizy. (1810-1814: Мадам Канизи)
  • 1810-1814: Duchesse de Bassano.
  • 1810-1814: Madame de Bouille.
  • 1810-1814: Madame Talue. (1810-1814: Мадам Талю)
  • 1810-1814: Sale Of Anna Pieri Brignole.


                                     

2.9. List of Dames du Palais for the Queens and empresses of France. Dame du Palais to Eugenie de Montijo 1853-1870

  • 1866-1870: Amélie Carette.
  • 18 -18: Melanie de Pourtales.
  • 1853-1870: Adrienne de Villeneuve-Bargemont.
  • 1853-1870: Nathalie de Segur.
  • 1853-1864: Louise Poitelon du Tarde.
  • 1853-1870: Anne Eve Mortier de Trevise.
  • 1853-1870: Jane Thorne. (1853-1870: Джейн Торн)
  • 1853-1870: Clare Emily McDonnell.

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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