★ Stagecoach (1939 film)
Stagecoach is a 1939 American Western Directed by John Ford starring: Claire Trevor, John Wayne in his breakthrough role. Scripted by Dudley Nichols is an adaptation of "the stage to lordsburg" in 1937 short story by Ernest Haycox. The movie follows a group of strangers riding on a stagecoach through dangerous territory Apache.
Stagecoach was the first of many westerns that Ford shot using Monument Valley, in the American southwest on the border of Arizona–Utah, as the place, many of which also starred John Wayne. Scenes from stagecoach, including the sequence of implementation of the character John Wayne Ringo kid, blended shots of monument Valley with shots filmed at Iverson movie ranch in Chatsworth, California, RKO Encino movie ranch, and other places. Such geographical internal contradictions appear throughout the film until the closing scene of Ringo Wayne and Dallas Trevor departing Lordsburg, in southwestern new Mexico, on the way to Monument Valley.
The film has long been recognized as an important work which goes beyond the Western genre. Philosopher Robert B. Pippin noticed that both the collection of characters and their journey, "are archetypal, not just of the individual" and that the film is "a mythical representation of the American desire to form politically meaningful equality." In 1995, the film was declared "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" in the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National film register. Still, the coach has not done without scandals. Like most westerns of the era, her portrayal of native Americans as simplistic savages has been criticized as a clear proof of racism.
1. The plot. (Сюжет)
In June 1880, a group of strangers Boards the stagecoach from Tonto, Arizona territory, in lordsburg, new Mexico. Among them are Dallas, a prostitute who had left the city, "Law and order League," alcoholic Doc Boone, a pregnant Lucy Mallory, who is going to join her cavalry officer husband, and Samuel peacock the whiskey salesman whose sample Doc Boone takes it and starts drinking.
When the driver stage tank, looking for his shotgun guard, Marshal curly Wilcox tells him that the guard will look for the fugitive. Ringo kid escaped from prison after he heard that his father and brother were killed by Luke Plummer. Tank says Curley Ringo goes to lordsburg and knowing that Ringo swore revenge, Curley decides to go along as a guard.
As the scenery from the US cavalry General Blanchard announced that Geronimo and his Apaches on the warpath, his little band will provide the accompaniment for a dry plug. Seeing her suffering, gambler and southern gentleman Hatfield offers his patronage of Mrs. Mallory and climbs on. On the outskirts of the city, another passenger, waving his hand, stopping the stage: energetic banker Henry Hatwood, who absconds with the money stolen from the Bank.
Down the road, enters the scene through the Ringo kid, stranded after his horse is lame. Even though they are friends, curly has to take Ringo into custody and the crowd, too, in his carriage. But when they reach dry fork, expected cavalry detachment has gone to Apache wells. Buck wants to turn back, but the majority of votes of the party to continue. For lunch before departure, the group was taken aback when Ringo invites Dallas to sit at the table. Hatfield offers Mrs. Mallory his little silver folding Cup, and drink it directly from the dining room. She recognized the family coat of arms on the Cup and asks Hatfield whether he was ever in Virginia. He says he served in Confederate army under the command of fathers.
Arriving at Apache wells, Mrs. Mallory learns that her husband was wounded in battle. When she faints and goes into labor while Doc Boone needs to sober up and have Dallas help. Later that night, Ringo asks Dallas to marry him and live on a ranch it owns in Mexico. Afraid to reveal her past, she will not be able to respond immediately. The next morning, she agrees, but doesnt want to leave Mrs. Mallory and the new baby, so she tells Ringo to go to the ranch, where she will meet with him later. As the frontman of escape, he sees smoke signals heralding the Apaches, and returns to custody.
The stage reaches lees ferry, which the Apaches had destroyed. Curley uncuffs Ringo to help lash the logs to the stagecoach and float across the river. Just when they think the danger has passed, the Apaches attack and a long chase scene where some of the party injured fighting off his pursuers. As soon as they run out of ammunition and get ready to save Mrs. Mallory from the capture, killing it with his last bullet, 6th US cavalry rides to the rescue.
In Lordsburg, gatwood arrest of the local Sheriff and Mrs. Mallory learns that her wounds are not serious men. She thanked Dallas gives Mrs. Mallory her shawl. Then Dallas begs Ringo not to confront the Plummers, but he is determined to solve the issues, and how they walk around the city, he sees a public house to which she returns. Luke Plummer, who plays poker in one of the saloons, hears the arrival of Ringo and gets his brothers to join him. Ringo survived three against one penalty, and then surrenders to curly, expecting to go back to prison. As Ringo boards a wagon, Curley invites Dallas to ride with them on the edge of town, but when she does that Curley and DOC to yell at stampeding horses, giving Ringo to escape across the Mexican border.
2.1. Production. Development. (Развитие)
The screenplay is an adaptation by Dudley Nichols of "the stage to lordsburg," the short story by Ernest Haycox. The rights to "Lordsburg" were bought by John Ford soon after it was published in "Colliers" on April 10, 1937. According to Thomas Schatz, Ford claimed that his inspiration in expanding stagecoach beyond the barebones plot given in "the stage to lordsburg" was his familiarity with another short story, "Boule de Suif" by guy de Maupassant, although he believes that "it doesnt hold to scrutiny". Statement fords also seem to be the basis for the claim that Haycox himself relied upon to guy de Maupassants story. However, it appears that there is no concrete evidence for Haycox actually being familiar with the earlier story, especially as it has been described how to get out of your way to avoid reading the works of others that might unconsciously influence his writing, and he focused his personal importance in the field of history.
Before production, Ford shopped the project around to several Hollywood studios that turned him down because big budget westerns were out of Vogue, and because Ford insisted on using John Wayne plays a key role in the film. Independent producer David O. Selznick finally agreed to produce it, but was frustrated with the fords of indecision about when shooting will begin, and had my doubts about the casting. Ford withdrew the film from the company Selznicks and approached producer Walter wanger about the project. Wanger had the same reservations about creating "a" Western and yet another title role with John Wayne. Ford had not directed a Western since the silent days. Wanger said that he doesnt risk his money unless Ford replaced John Wayne, Gary Cooper and Marlene Dietrich was brought in to play in Dallas.
Ford refused to budge, it would be Wayne or no. In the end they compromised, with wanger putting up $250.000, a little more than half of what Ford wanted, and Ford would give the main role Claire Trevor, John Wayne, better known than at the time.
2.2. Production. Shooting. (Съемки)
Members of the production brigade was stationed in the town of Kayenta in northeastern Arizona, in the old camp, the CCC. The conditions were Spartan, long production hours, and weather conditions at this altitude, 5700 feet were strong with constant strong winds and low temperatures. However, Director John Ford was satisfied with the crews work. For this location, the shooting took place near Gouldings trading post on the border of Utah, about 25 miles from Kayenta. Western town scenes were filmed on the RKO Encino movie ranch was developed by award winner Director of the Academy of arts Max REE.
Following the films release on March 2, 1939, fords faith in John Wayne was rewarded as the film met with immediate and professional success of the paper. Cast member Louise Platt, in a letter, Recalling the film production, quoted Ford on saying of Waynes future in film: "hell to be the biggest star ever because he is the perfect man in the street".
Stagecoach has been recognized as one of the most influential films ever made. Orson Welles argued that it was a perfect textbook of filmmaking and claimed to have watched it more than 40 times in preparation for "Citizen Kane". The film received a profit of $297.690.
3.1. Welcome Academy Awards. (Награды Академии)Wins
- Best Music Scoring – Richard Hagemann, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Lion During.
- Best Supporting Actor – Thomas Mitchell.
- Best Film. (Лучший Фильм)
- The Best Work Of The Artist – Alexander Toluboff.
- Best Film Editing – OTO Lovering, Dorothy Spencer.
- Best camera black-and-white – Bert Glennon.
- Best Director – John Ford.
3.2. Welcome Other. (Другие)
- John Ford won the 1939 new York film critics award for best Director. Other critics gave the film uniformly glowing reviews.
- In June 2008 the American film Institute revealed its "ten on ten" - the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres - after polling over 1.500 people from the creative community. The stagecoach was recognized as the ninth Best film in the Western genre.
4. Reissues and recovery. (Переиздания и восстановления)
The film was originally released through the "United Artists", but under the terms of their seven-year-rule of law, the company gave up the distribution rights to producer Walter wanger in 1946. Many independent companies were responsible for this film In years. The films copyright was originally the Walter wanger production was extended on the 20th Century Fox who produced a later 1966 remake of stagecoach. Copyright has been transferred wanger production at the end of family producers under the Caidin trust / Caidin film company, owner additional rights. However, distribution rights are now screaming! The plant, which in 2014 acquired Jumer productions / Westchester films, which, in turn, bought the Caidin film company after the folding of former distributor castle productions. Warner Bros pictures handles sales and additional distribution.
Original minus the stagecoach was either lost or destroyed. Wayne was one of the positive print that has never been through the gate of the projector. In 1970, he allowed it to be used to produce new negative and that is the film seen today at film festivals. UCLA has restored the film in 1996 from surviving elements and premiered it on cables network American movie classics. The previous DVD releases from Warner home video does not contain the restored print, a video print held in the castle hill trust library / Caidin. Were digitally restored Blu-ray and DVD version released in may 2010 via the criteria collection.
5. Remakes. (Ремейки)
- January 9, 1949 radio episode of screen Directors of the theatre was John Wayne, Claire Trevor, as Reprise their parts.
- On December 7, 1946 radio episode of Hollywood Star presented the stage adaptation of Milton Geiger.
- May 4, episode radio theatre 1946 Academy award for Claire Trevor Reprise her role alongside Randolph Scott.
The film. (Фильм)
- The 1966 remake of stagecoach starred in alphabetical order, Ann-Margret, red buttons, Mike Connors, Alex Cord, Bing Crosby, Robert Cummings, van Heflin, slim Pickens, and Stephanie powers.
- The TV version of 1986 showed Willie Nelson, Kris Kristofferson, johnny cash and Waylon Jennings.
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