★ Cinema of Sweden
Swedish cinema is known in many famous films during the 20th century industry was the most prominent of Scandinavia. This is largely due to the popularity and fame of Directors Victor Sjostrom and particularly Ingmar Bergman, and more recently, Roy Andersson, Lasse Hallstrom, and Lukas Moodysson.
1. Early Swedish cinema. (Раннее шведское кино)
Swedish cinema rose to international prominence when Svenska Biografteatern moved from Kristianstad to Lidingö in 1911. In the next decade, the companys two-star Directors, Victor Sjostrom and Moritz Stiller, gave the world many outstanding silent films, one of the best film adaptations of short stories Nobel prize-winning writer Selma Lagerlof. Sjostroms the most highly regarded films are often poetic use of the Swedish landscape and developed the study of nature and emotions. Stiller contributed to the early popularity of Greta Garbo, particularly in the framework of Gosta Berlings Saga In 1924. Many of the films made at the Biografteatern had a significant impact on German Directors of the silent and early sound eras, largely because Germany remains cut off from French, British and American influences during the First world war, 1914-1918.
In the mid-twenties both of these Directors and Garbo moved to the United States to work for MGM, the result of Swedish influence in Hollywood. The departure left a vacuum in Swedish cinema, which later became the financial crisis. Later, both the Director, they returned to Sweden, but Stiller died shortly after his return until Sjostrom returned to the theater for most of the rest of his career.
The advent of Talking movies in the early 1930-ies, led to a financial stabilization for Swedish cinema, but the industry has sacrificed artistic and international ambitions for this financial success. There are some provincial comedies, designed for the local market.
2. Swedish cinema through WWII. (Шведское кино через Второй мировой войны)
During world war II Swedish cinema gained artistically, mainly because Directors make unnecessary lengthy explanations, people, Hasse Ekman, Anders Henriksson and Colleagues Faustman. Cinema had to perform the task of psychological defence during the war.
3. After the war. (После войны)
The famous and influential Swedish Director Ingmar Bergman, rose to prominence in the fifties. He began making films in the mid-forties and in 1955, he made smiles of a summer night, which brought him international attention. A year later, he made one of his most famous films, the Seventh seal. In the 1960-ies Bergman received the award "Oscar" for Best film in a foreign language for two years in a row, Maiden source Jungfrukallan 1960 and through a glass darkly thank you spegel 1961. He won the award in 1983, at the beginning of the twentieth century family drama Fanny and Alexander Fanny och Alexander. Bergman was also nominated for the award for Best movie once, with 1973 cries and Whispers Viskningar och ROP, the story of two sisters watching over their third sisters deathbed, fearing that she might die, but hoping she does. The film lost to the sting, and oddly enough, he wasnt nominated for Best foreign film. He also gave Bergman the first of three nominations for best Director. Ingmar Bergman also won four Golden globe awards for Best foreign language film.
Working closely with Bergman, cinematographer Sven Nykvist can be said to have had a great impact on the visual aspect of Swedish cinema. Twice winner of the award "Oscar" for best cinematography, for "cries and Whispers" and "Fanny and Alexander", Nykvist was considered by many to be one of the greatest filmmakers of all time. He also sent the Oxen 1991, nominated for "Oscar" for Best foreign language film in 1992.
Starting his career working with Bergman, Vilgot Sjoman made her debut in 1962 with Alskarinnan mistress, but also attract much more attention in Sweden when his film 491 was originally banned by the Swedish censors due to its explicit sexual content. After cutting, it was released in 1964. Sjoman went to the cause even wider controversy, depicting sexual intercourse in his film I am curious Yellow 1967 JAG AR nyfiken – Gul. In the US, this film was recognized as pornography and seized at customs and banned until 1969. When the film was released, dissemination of legal struggle and the revolutionary graphic content drew huge crowds, making the film the most successful Swedish film export of all time and the most successful foreign film in the U.S. until now. Most likely, it has also contributed to the formation of ideas about Swedish cinema – and perhaps even Swedes in General – as a liberal attitude to sexuality.
Another Swedish Director of the post-war mark Bo Widerberg. 1963 the film ravens End Kvarteret of Corpen and the man on the roof Mannen PÅ taket as is widely regarded as a Swedish film classics. His later works include people from Iran Mannen Mallorca Majorca, zmiiv method Ormens VAG re halleberget and all things fair lust och fagring stor. Widerberg received three nominations for the Academy award for Best foreign film, for ravens end, Ådalen 31 and all things fair, but never won the award.
Jan Troell started his career as Director of Widerbergs pictures, but may soon debut in his own film Heres your life har du ditt Liv. He went on to direct the emigrants Utvandrarna 1971 and its Sequel the New Land Nybyggarna for next year. Films based on Vilhelm Mobergs epic novels about the Swedish emigration to America in the 19th century, the book is very well known in Sweden. The emigrants was nominated for four Academy awards, including Best Director and Best film. After that Troell went to Hollywood, where he directed Zandys bride, starring gene Hackman, and Hurricane. He returned to Sweden to make the flying eagle Ingenjor luftfard Andrees, a film about a Swedish conductor catastrophic Andrees polar expedition in 1897. The film was nominated for an Oscar for best foreign film. Later works include the controversial Il CAPITANO: a Swedish Requiem Il CAPITANO, Hamsun, about Knut Hamsun, as white as in snow Så Vit som EN SNO, and a few documentaries.
In the 1960-ies Ingmar Bergman saw the Comedy variety Duo show at Grona Lund and told the Studio that "there are two funny guy in Grona Lund. Why would you let them make the film? Not too many funny movies these days." The Duo was Hans Alfredsson and tage Danielsson, known as Hasse and tage, who made a film called Swedish bilder. Own production company AB Svenska ORD has made lots of movies after that, either Hasse & tage. They include the docking boat ATT Angora En brygga, in Appelkriget Apple war, the man who quit Smoking Mannen SOM slutade Roka, to release the prisoners to spring fångarne Slapp loss – det AR vår!, Agget AR lost, the adventures of Picasso aventyr, SOPOR and manslaughter Den enfaldige mordaren. These films are now considered cult in Sweden.
In 1968, Stefan Jarl and Jan Lindqvists documentary film they call us misfits Kallar mods house of the OSS was released. The film is the first in what will be a trilogy, is a story about the life of two alienated teenagers. Stefan Jarl went on to make several other well-known documentaries in the 1980-ies and 1990-ies.
4. Modern Swedish cinema. (Современное шведское кино)
Roy Andersson had a breakthrough with his first feature film Swedish love story in 1969, and was awarded the International film festival and four prizes in Berlin in the same year. After the financial and critical disaster, the film Giliap 1975 it took two decades, regardless of film directing. In March 1996, Andersson began filming songs from the second floor, which was held in 2000 at the Cannes film festival, winning a special jury prize. Anderssons returned to the cinema was a great success with the critics, which brought him five awards "Golden beetle" in Sweden for best film, direction, cinematography, screenplay and sound.
Director Lasse Hallstrom made his feature film debut in 1975 with the Comedy a guy and a girl killed tjej och EN Suite with the well-known Swedish comic Duo Harenstam and Brasse Magnus Brannstrom. He was the man behind most of Abbas music videos, as well as the film ABBA: the movie. "My life as a Dog", released in Sweden in 1985, was nominated for two Academy awards in 1987 for directing and adapted screenplay. In 1987, he won the award "Golden globe" for Best foreign language film. Following the films international success, Hallstrom worked on American movies – Whats eating Gilbert Grape, the cider house Rules, chocolate, Casanova, among other things.
In the genre of Comedy Lasse åberg has directed and also starred in several successful films which although not praised by critics, was a box office success and has received cult status. The first was a profile repmånad in 1979, after Sallskapsresan 1980, and its four sequels. Although not part of the series Sallskapsresan, profile repmånad was very similar in style, depicting an inept outsider in different situations and traditions that are typical for Sweden in a humorous way.
The first feature film by Lucas Moodyssons, Show me love is the name of the English language for the controversial Swedish original title, fucking Åmål was a huge success in Sweden. The lovingly depicted teenage angst main characters played well with the audience and won in 1998, four awards "the Gold bug". Subsequent together Tillsammans 2000 was optimistic Comedy, albeit with some darkly satirical overtones, set in 1970s Stockholm commune. But then Moodyssons movie took a radically different direction. In 2002, Lilya 4-ever Lilya 4-ever is a dark, tragic story about human trafficking, and in 2004 a hole in my heart Ett hål I MITT hjarta engaged in Amateur porn videos, causing some controversy due to its shocking and disturbing footage.
Other young Swedish filmmakers, who has seen great success in recent years include Lebanon-born Director Josef fares, with the comedies Jalla! Jalla! Kopps 2000 and 2003, and the refugee drama Zozo 2005, the Iranian-born Reza Parsa with the drama before the storm Fore stormen 2000, and Maria Blom, with the Comedy Dalecarlians Masjavlar 2004.
In the late 1990s and early 2000-ies, several young filmmakers have begun to explore the genre-films that had practically never existed, Michael Håfstroms horror film Strandvaskaren, Anders banks vampire Comedy frostbite which was the first Swedish vampire film, Anders Jacobssons satire evil ed and Mons Mårlinds and Bjorn steins fantasy-Thriller storm. None of these films were successful in Sweden, but went to get the recognition and audience in foreign countries. In 2001, low-budget Comedy horror movie terror I rock n roll Onsjon was the Swedes first film about zombies.
Most recently, Thomas Alfredsons the son of Hans Alfredson romantic vampire film / drama film Let me in Låt den ratte Komma in 2008, received wide critical acclaim worldwide, becoming one of the best reviewed films of the year. In this particular tale, a bullied boy falls in love with a girl-vampire who just moved in next door. Also in the same year, Director Jan Troell returns with another period drama, everlasting moments Maria Larssons Eviga Ogonblick 2008.
In the 2009 movies the Girl with the dragon tattoo men, khatar som hatar kvinnor the girl who played with fire Flickan som lekte med Elden the girl who kicked the hornets nest Luftslottet som sprangdes became international hits from the first movie over $100 million worldwide. All three films was based on the hit novels of the same names that together make up the series "Millennium" Swedish author / journalist Stieg Larsson.
5. The Swedish film industry. (Шведской киноиндустрии)
The Swedish film Institute was founded in 1963 to support and develop the Swedish film industry. It supports Swedish filmmakings and allocates subsidies for production, distribution and public showing of Swedish films in Sweden. It also promotes Swedish cinema internationally. In addition, the Institute organizes the annual awards "the Gold bug".
Through the Swedish film Agreement, between the Swedish state and the film and media industry, the government of Sweden, the TV companies which are party to the agreement, and Swedens cinema owners jointly Fund the film Institute and thus, indirectly, Swedish filmmaking. The current agreement is valid from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2010.
At a rate of, currently, 20 films a year the Swedish film industry is on par with other similar countries in Northern Europe.
In the municipality of Trollhattan is the production of the film, known as Trollywood movies filmed there, Show me love, Dancer in the dark and Dogville. The movie Studio film I centered here produces about half of iconic feature films.
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