★ Brachyplatystoma filamentosum
Brachyplatystoma filamentosum, piraiba or kumakuma, is a species of large catfish in the family Pimelodidae, found in the Amazon and Orinoco river basins, as well as in the river waters of Guiana and northeastern Brazil. This is the largest catfish in the world.
1. Description. (Описание)
It grows to a length of up to 2800 mm. The largest Amazon Pirate is the record holder of 2-2. 5 m weighing more than 150 kg.
The back is dark to light gray with small dark spots on the caudal fin or peduncle. Dorsal fin with a pink tinge. The caudal fin is deeply forked. Young individuals have dark spots or spots on the body.
They are fully piscivorous, preying on loricariids and other bottom-dwelling fish.
2. Ecology. (Экология)
It is found in both freshwater and brackish water systems. This is a bottom-dwelling potamodromous fish, usually found in deeper, flowing channels with a soft bottom.
Although Piranha is a mass species, it is considered a commercial and commercial fish. Usually a harmless fish, it is known to be an obligate piscivore, however, the stomach contents are said to include parts of monkeys.
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