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★ Newland Oak - great western woodlands ..



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Newland Oak
                                     

★ Newland Oak

The Newlands oak was an ancient oak tree in Newlands, Gloucestershire, England. It was originally part of the ancient forest of Dean, but survived the clearances that created the settlement of Newland, and was then pollinated for timber. Its large size has often been noted over the years, and it has been considered a rival to the Cawthorpe oak as the largest oak in the UK. Most of the tree fell during a heavy snowfall in 1955, but one branch of the tree survived until 1970, when it was killed in an arson attack. A new tree, grown from the acorns of one of the Newlands Oaks, was planted in 1964.

                                     

1. History. (История)

The oak dates from around 1000 ad and is believed to have been part of the vast forest of Dean, an ancient woodland covering much of Western Gloucestershire. It was an English oak, Quercus Robur. Most of the forest was cleared in later years, from which the nearby settlement of Newland received its name "New Land", reclaimed from the forest, and in later years the tree stood alone in the field of Spouts farm about 1 mile 1.6 km Northwest of Newland Church. The tree was sawn for timber and for many centuries was known as the"Big Oak".

As one of the largest oaks in the country, this tree has been the subject of some fame. The antiquarian John Timbs described it as "one of the most remarkable trees in the country" in 1839, and an engraving of the tree was included in a book of poems by P. J. Ducarel de Virhale in 1836. By 1874, the tree was said to be "battered and rotting," although naturalist Edwin lees believed it could live another 500 years.

The tree was severely damaged by a heavy snowfall in may 1955, which led to the destruction of most of the structure, and in 1964 it was described as "long badly decomposed". One living branch survived, but it was killed in an arson attack in 1970. The replacement tree, grown from the acorns of one of the Newlands Oaks, was planted by Cyril HART, verderer of the forest of Dean, on December 21, 1964. The replacement tree has survived, and a partially rotted segment of the original trunk was still visible in 2011. HART described the tree in 1966 as "200 years to grow, 200 years to exist, and 200 years to die."

                                     

2. Size. (Размер)

The size of a tree, usually measured by its girth around the trunk, was often measured and commented on. It was measured at 41 ft 12 m in girth in 1839 and in 1875, with a girth of up to 60 ft 18 m was considered a contender for the Coathorpe oak as the oldest in Britain. The 1906 measurement recorded 13.25 meters 43.5 feet of girth, and the 1911 encyclopedia Britannica recorded 47 feet 6 inches 14.48 m when measured at 5 feet 1.5 m from the Ground. In 1931, it was recorded as 46 feet 4 inches 14.12 m at a height of 1 foot 0.30 m above the ground, and in 1950, it was said to be 13.72 meters 45.0 feet in girth.

Cawthorpe oak fell in 1950, and by 1954 the Newlands oak was described as "the largest girth of any tree in Britain". In a 1964 edition of Her Majestys stationery office, it was recorded that the Newlands oak had the largest girth of any tree recorded in the UK in modern times, but Julian Hite, writing in 2011, claims that it was only the second largest girth of an English oak after the Cawthorpe oak.

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no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →