★ Indonesia–Japan Economic Partnership Agreement
The Indonesia-Japan economic partnership agreement is a bilateral agreement signed between Indonesia and Japan on August 20, 2007 and effective from July 1, 2008. At the initiative of Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, this was the first bilateral free trade agreement between Indonesia and Japan. Since 2013, Indonesia has requested that the terms of the agreement be renegotiated, and negotiations are currently under way.
1. Agreements. (Соглашения)
The agreement contained provisions concerning free trade in goods and services between the two countries by eliminating tariffs, as well as adjusting investment regulations to attract Japanese investors to Indonesia. It also covered specific topics such as intellectual property, customs procedures and energy / mineral resources. The agreement also allowed some Indonesian nurses to work in Japan.
2. History. (История)
The trade agreement between Japan and Southeast Asian countries, including Indonesia, was put forward as an idea by then-Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi during his visit to Jakarta in January 2002, when he briefed Indonesian President Megawati Sukarnoputri. Further talks were held between them when Megawati visited Tokyo in June 2003. After a brief hiatus caused by Indonesias 2004 presidential election, in which Megawatis was replaced by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, progress on reaching agreements continued in December 2004, when the two countries agreed to form a "study group" to study a potential free trade agreement. The study groups findings were published in may 2005, and it recommended that negotiations be conducted in parallel with the Japan-ASEAN agreement.
A joint communique following the meeting between Yudhoyono and Koizumi on 2 June 2005 announced the start of negotiations. By November 2006, both governments had announced that an agreement had been reached "in principle", although the seventh and final round of negotiations would not take place until June 2007. The Japanese Cabinet approved the terms of the bilateral agreement on August 10, and it was signed on August 20, 2007 in Jakarta. The agreement entered into force on 1 July 2008. This was the first bilateral free trade agreement in Indonesia.
2.1. History. Revisions. (Переделки)
As part of this agreement, the overall review should be conducted within five years, and the Indonesian government has called for it to be conducted in 2013. Starting in 2015, both countries agreed to renegotiate the terms of the agreement, with the Indonesian side under the leadership of President Joko Widodo intending to increase investment in Indonesian infrastructure for Japanese investors. Negotiations continued throughout 2018 and 2019, with the initial goal being to complete the negotiations by the end of 2019. As of January 2020, negotiations to extend the agreement were still ongoing.
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