★ Leptospermum thompsonii
Leptospermum thompsonii, commonly known as the Monga tea tree, is a species of tall shrub endemic to South-Eastern New South Wales. It has rough, flaky bark, broadly elliptical to egg-shaped leaves with a narrower end to the base and a sharply pointed tip, white flowers and fruits that remain on the plant at maturity.
1. Description. (Описание)
Leptospermum thompsonii is an erect shrub that grows to a height of 1-6 m 3 ft 3 in-19 ft 8 in and has rough, fibrous or flaky bark and young stems covered in soft hairs. The leaves are elliptic to ovate with a narrower tip to the base, mostly 10-15 mm long 0.39-0.59 inches and 4-6 mm wide 0.16-0.24 inches with a sharply pointed tip and tapering to a short petiole. The flowers are white, about 15 mm wide by 0.59 inches, arranged singly on short lateral shoots. The flower calyx is covered with soft hairs, about 4 mm 0.16 in long, tapering to a very short pedicel. The sepals are also hairy, broadly ovate, about 3 mm 0.12 inches long, the five petals 4-6 mm 0.16–0.24 inches long and the stamens 2-3 mm 0.079–0.118 inches long. Flowering mainly occurs from December to March, and the fruit is a capsule about 10 mm 0.39 inch wide that remains on the plant when it Matures.
2. Taxonomy and naming. (Таксономия и именование)
Leptospermum thompsonii was first formally described in 1989 by Joey Thompson in the journal Telopea from specimens collected by John Boorman in 1915. The specific epithet thompsonii honors M. M. H. Thompson, the husband of the describing botanist, for his "assistance in collecting and field studying this and many other species".
3. Distribution and habitat. (Распределение и среда обитания)
The Monga tea tree grows in permanently wet or humid forest habitats and is known from populations in Monga National Park, Budawang National Park, and Morton National Park.
4. Conservation status. (Природоохранный статус)
This tea tree is listed as "vulnerable" under the Australian governments environment protection and biodiversity conservation act of 1999 and the New South Wales governments biodiversity conservation act of 2016. The main threats to the species are changed fire regimes, forestry activities, garbage dumps and oil spills.
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