★ Traditional and Modern Health Practitioners Together Against AIDS
Traditional and modern practitioners together against AIDS Is a non-governmental organization in Uganda that promotes collaboration between traditional healers and biomedical practitioners to prevent the spread of HIV / AIDS and help HIV-positive patients. It was believed that this was the first significant attempt in Africa to involve traditional healers in the fight against HIV / AIDS.
1. History. (История)
Theta was established in 1992 by the National AIDS program, the Uganda AIDS Commission, doctors without borders, And the TASO AIDS support organization. She initiated two programs: 1) research on the effectiveness of traditional herbal medicine in treating AIDS symptoms and 2) research on the effectiveness of training traditional healers to be STI / AIDS educators and counselors. By 1998, according to a UNAIDS estimate, theta had trained 125 healers in HIV / AIDS prevention over a five-year period. During the interview, Dr. Dorothy Balaba, a former Director and medical professional, explained
"We want to strengthen their potential. In fact, healers bring their own skills to the table, and theres a lot that biomedical professionals can learn from them. Traditional medicine focuses on symptoms, but treatment by traditional healers is holistic."
In February 2000, theta hosted a conference in Kampala, Uganda, with the support of UNAIDS and the PROMETHEUS Association for the promotion of traditional medicine. It was attended by 100 delegates from 17 African countries, including DR Sandra Anderson of UNAIDS-South Africa, Dr Donna Kabatezi, then Director of theta, and Professor Charles Wambebe, head of the Nigerian National Institute of pharmaceutical research and development. The purpose of the conference was to recognize the widespread use of traditional medicine, address the role of traditional healers in HIV prevention and care, and support collaboration between traditional medicine and Biomedicine.
This conference also led to the establishment of the Eastern and southern Africa Regional task force on traditional medicine and HIV / AIDS in 2001. The task force was attended by 9 members from East African and South African NGOs, the Association of traditional practitioners of Zambia and the national Association of traditional healers of Zimbabwe, international organizations, as well as observers from Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon.
2. Traditional medicine in Uganda. (Народная медицина в Уганде)
Before the colonial era, traditional medicine was the only health care system in Uganda. During the colonial era, from 1894 to 1962, traditional medicine was suppressed because it was negatively perceived as "backward" and" witchcraft", and the legitimacy of medical practice was entrusted to Biomedicine. Gradually, a number of attempts are being made to support traditional healers, to legally recognize the practice of traditional medicine in Uganda, and to establish cooperation between these two practices. For example, since the early 1990s, who has been pushing for the inclusion of traditional medicine in national programmes.
2.1. Traditional medicine in Uganda. HIV-AIDS. (ВИЧ-СПИД)
The Ministry of healths 1989 Uganda AIDS control programme has helped decentralize AIDS prevention and control from the national level to the district level in order to expand coverage and improve effectiveness. This emphasized community-based approaches, including biomedical medical personnel, NGOs, religious groups, local village leaders, local AIDS committees, and traditional healers.
For HIV / AIDS victims, traditional healers provided a local, familiar, and affordable option compared to biomedical personnel, who were usually overwhelmed and located further away. In the early 1980s, in southwestern Uganda, it was reported that many locals infected with slim disease after experiencing symptoms of diarrhea and weight loss initially consulted traditional healers because of their belief in the link between the disease and witchcraft. In local communities, traditional healers were considered to play a respected and trusted role in treating the physical, psychological and spiritual aspects of health, serving approximately 80% of people. Despite their influence, biomedical practitioners often do not trust their authority, and traditional healers lack adequate information about HIV / AIDS.
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