★ John William Struthers
John William Struthers LLD, MBChB, FRCSEd was a Scottish surgeon. During world war I, he served as a major in the Royal army medical corps and was awarded the Serbian order of St. Sava. During his career in Edinburgh, he became the first user of local anaesthetic techniques in General surgery and wrote a highly regarded pamphlet on the subject. He was elected President of the Royal College of surgeons of Edinburgh from 1941 to 1943.
1. Early life. (Ранняя жизнь)
Struthers was born in 1874 in Oldmachar, Aberdeen. He was the son of sir John Struthers, regional Professor of anatomy at the University of Aberdeen and former President of the Royal College of surgeons of Edinburgh RCSEd. His mother Christina née Alexander was the daughter of James Alexander 1795-1863, a surgeon in Wooler, England. He was educated at the Loretto school in Musselburgh. He remained close to the school throughout his life, serving as Governor for several years. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburghs Medical school, qualifying MB ChB in 1897.
2. Surgical career. (Хирургическая карьера)
He was appointed house physician at the Royal infirmary of Edinburgh to Dr. Byrom Bramwell, and house surgeon at Leith hospital to Mr. Alexander miles. He went on to work as an anatomy demonstrator for four years under the tutelage of sir William Turner and Professor D. J. Cunningham, before qualifying as a fellow of the Royal College of surgeons of Edinburgh in 1899. After being appointed as a clinical mentor at RI in 1908, he became an assistant surgeon at the hospital. During world war I, he served first with the Red Cross in Rouen, France. and then he was appointed major of the Royal army Medical Corps RAMC in the 42nd General hospital in Thessaloniki, where he headed the surgical Department of the hospital. Here he served alongside C. M. Grieve, later known as the poet Hugh Macdiarmid, who was a supply Sergeant in the RAMC officers mess. Struthers was awarded the order of St. Sava by the Serbian government for his service to the Serbian forces in this campaign.
After the war, he returned to Edinburgh and resumed work at the RI, earning the rank of full surgeon in 1924. Since 1925, he has been consulting a surgeon at Leith hospital.
His special interests included the use of local anesthesia in General surgery, and he published a monograph on the subject in 1906. Notes on local anesthesia in General surgery were described in the Lancet as".for a long time, the best source of information on this subject was English. Struthers noted that most of the research on this issue has been conducted in the United States, France and Germany and that its introduction into clinical practice in B. Britain has been relatively slow. Struthers described the methods of infiltration, regional and spinal anesthesia and how they can be used for major surgical procedures. Wildsmith suggested that it was Struthers work that led Gillis and Griffiths to develop spinal hypotensive anesthesia.
Together with pathologist James Walker Dawson, Struthers conducted original work on the study of fibrocystic osteitis. Their work was considered so important that an entire 1923 issue of the Edinburgh medical journal was devoted to it. At the same time, they associated this condition with parathyroid adenoma. Struthers later conducted an extensive survey of hospital facilities in South-East Scotland on behalf of the Department of health, in conjunction with Dr H. E. Sayler, an Edinburgh-based medical professional, in preparation for the creation of the National health service.
Throughout his working life, he was associated with the RCSEd, serving as Secretary and Treasurer from 1927 to 1941. In 1941, he was elected President of the RSFSR.
3. Awards and honours. (Награды и почетные звания)
In recognition of his services to the University of Edinburgh, he became a member of the faculty and later of the Senate. The University was awarded an honorary master of laws degree.D. in 1946.
4. Family. (Семья)
Struthers came from a family with strong medical connections. His father, sir John Struthers, was a Professor of anatomy at the University of Aberdeen. Two of his uncles were doctors: Alexander Struthers, who died in Istanbuls Scutari hospital during the Crimean campaign, and James Struthers (1821-1891), a doctor who also worked at Leith hospital.
He married Anna Lade in Edinburgh in 1901.
Struthers died at his home in Gullane, Scotland, in 1953.
5. Selected publications. (Избранные публикации)
Notes on local anesthesia in General surgery. 1906 Edinburgh: Wm. Green And Sons
Generalized Fibrotic Osteitis. Edinburgh Medical Journal. 1923 3010: 421-564 with James W. Dawson
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