★ Jokinen Plan
The Jokinen plan includes two reports prepared by an American traffic expert, David A. Jokinen, on the urban planning of two Dutch cities: the Hague in 1962 and Amsterdam in 1967, both set out in a brochure.
1. Hague. (Гаага)
Jokinens first plan from 1962 was for the station square in the Hague. The Bezuidenhout district of this city, adjacent to the Hague Staatspoor station, was largely destroyed during world war II by allied bombing. Reconstruction hadnt started yet, because people didnt know what to do. David Jokinen saw an opportunity to put an end to the historical situation when the two main stations served only part of the railway traffic. His plan included the disappearance of Staatsburg station and Hollands-Spoor will be the Central station. In Bezuidenhout, space was created for a motorway to Scheveningen and a monorail for public transport. His plan sparked a fierce debate in the Hague. It was not implemented, partly because it was only introduced when the decision-making process had finally reached an advanced stage. Den Haag Central station is now the site of Staatsspoor station, and the main Amsterdam-Rotterdam line is served by Den Haag HS Hollands Spoor train station, located 1 mile away. The part of the motorway that Jokinen had in mind was realized in the form of Utrechtsebaan.
2. Amsterdam. (Амстердам)
A second study in 1967, funded in part by the automobile lobby group Stichting Weg, aimed to revitalize the city of Amsterdam by facilitating access by car. Jokinen has taken several radical steps in this direction. For example, the Singelgracht was to be filled in and replaced with a six-lane highway comparable to the route of the current S100 inner ring road, but much wider. Impoverished working class area of de Pijp and Centerport had to be completely destroyed. The main thoroughfare, the so-called Zuidelijke Ontsluitingsweg, the southern access road, was to pass through De Pijp to the inner city ring, surrounded by a Central business district inspired by La Defense in Paris, with many tall office towers. The plan was mainly aimed at providing easy access for the car to work. Jokinen suggested that, as in the United States, most people would prefer to live in the suburbs, but public transport was also taken into account. The new Central station will be built in close proximity to the Weteringcircuit scheme. The Dutch Railways adopted this idea and until the mid-1970s advocated the creation of a major terminal station in De Pijp, called Amsterdam Centrum-Zuid station, which would also connect with two branches of the North-South metro line. Jokinen also advocated a system of monorail roads connecting garages on the outskirts of the city center with the Old city.
Jokinens ideas were the result of other ideas from the same period. His vision of building tall towers in a Park environment is very similar to Le Corbusiers ideas for the Voisin plan of Paris. His preference for the car is reminiscent of how Robert Moses tried to transform new York at the same time. According to Jokinen, the city center will suffer to some extent, but not as much as the Kaasjager plan a decade earlier, in 1954, in which many of the citys Central canals will be filled in for the benefit of automobile traffic. However, the plan was fiercely criticized and was hardly accepted by the implementing agencies. With the exception of a few fairly large viaducts on the Central ring and a fairly large-scale redesign of the Wibautstraat after the construction of the metro, this plan ultimately had almost no consequences for the city.
Users also searched:
jokinen plan, canals in north holland. jokinen plan,
no need to download or install
Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!online intellectual game →