★ Bayfair Center
Bayfair Center is a regional shopping and energy center in San Leandro, California. It was one of the first shopping centers in the Eastern San Francisco Bay area.
1.1. History. Launch of the 1950s. (Начало 1950-х годов)
Announced in April 1953, the Mall was built on a 48-acre site of the former Oakland Speedway auto racing stadium and cost $ 25 million, along with another $ 6 million to build the anchor Department store, a 200.000 square foot, 19.000 m2, three-story Macys. Construction of the shopping center began only in 1956.
Architect, including interior shop Macys was John savage, Bolles, who designed the Park, candles, and interiors for Macys Hilltop Mall in Richmond, Hillsdale shopping center in San MATEO and Valley Fair in San Jose and interiors for renovation of the flagship store of Macys Union Square in San Francisco.
Macys was the first division to open on August 8, 1957, and the Malls stores opened in the following months. On November 8, 1957, 19 new stores in addition to Macys, including a supermarket, celebrated their Grand opening.
The Mall outside Macys was open and L-shaped, split-level, that is, on two levels, but not on two floors one above the other. He claimed that it was the first shopping center in the Western United States built in two floors.
1.2. History. Expansion of the 1960s-1990s. (Экспансия 1960-1990-х годов)
The Mall continued to expand, and on August 4, 1971, the Department stores new anchor, Montgomery ward, opened a two-story, 159.000 square foot, 14.800 m2 store and auto center. With the parishes, the Mall grew to 600.000 square feet 56.000 m2 in size and had 62 stores.
In 1972, Bay Area Rapid Transit opened Bay Fair station, adjacent to the Mall to the South, providing access via rapid rail transit.
In 1977, the owner of Macys announced a major renovation of the shopping center. It was closed and added escalators, air conditioning and carpeting. On the ground floor, 18.000 sq. ft. of 1.700 m2 of retail space was added, and another 4.000 sq.ft. of 370 m2 of atrium and a "dedicated courtyard" for boutiques and restaurants. On the new second level, 16.200 sq.ft. of 1.510 m2 of retail space was added. In the second phase, 12.000 sq ft 1.100 m2 of retail space was adjacent to Macys and 32.000 sq ft 3.000 m2 in other locations. A total of 82.000 square feet, 7.600 m2 of space was added for approximately 40 additional stores, for a total of about 100 stores.
The T. J. Maxx anchor opened on April 28, 1994.
1.3. History. Hybrid energy center of the 2000s-present. (Гибридный энергетический центр 2000-х-настоящее время)
In 2001, Montgomery Ward went bankrupt and closed its stores nationwide. The abandoned Wards store was demolished, and in October 2002, the 145.000-square-foot, 13.500-m2 greatland target opened on the site.
Also in late 2002, the Mall was acquired by Chicago - based M & J Wilkow Ltd. The renovated shopping center covered an area of 820.000 square feet, 76.000 m2. The owner of Bayfairs planned to redevelop the hospital center into an open-air energy center, renamed "Bayfair / 580", which will have several big-box tenants and upscale lifestyle-oriented stores. However, this plan was never implemented, and at the end of 2003, the Mall was sold to Madison Marquette.
Macys continues to operate and the Mall is closed, but by 2012, other anchors were more typical of those at the power center: big box stores Kohls, Staples, Old Navy, PetSmart, Bed Bath & Beyond, and 24-hour fitness. There was also a cinema called Cinemark Cinema multiplex. According to a study of the city of San Leandro conducted in 2016, Bayfair has successfully transformed itself into a tenant company that meets current needs.
2. Plans for a transit-oriented village. (Планы для транзитно-ориентированной деревни)
In 2018, the city of San Leandro adopted a plan to transform the Bay Fair area, including the shopping center and surrounding areas, into a transit-oriented "village", a high-density, mixed-use area with a street grid of small blocks to encourage walking and Cycling, and to include small parks and spaces for public events.
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