★ HMS Danae (1779)
HMS Danae was a 32-gun sailing frigate built for the French Navy in 1763 and captured by the British in 1779, during the Anglo-French war. After her capture, she was assigned to the Royal Navy as a convoy escort for merchant ships sailing between England and Quebec. Having paid off in 1783, she was retained for service in Englands Harbor until 1797, when she was sold into private hands.
1. French service. (Французская служба)
The Danae was laid down in September 1762 at the Indre naval foundry, later known as Nantes. Her design followed the standard architectural plan for 8-pounder frigates, first developed by shipbuilder Antoine Gruignard, including an enlarged stowage and reinforced frame for longer service at sea. Although it was intended for use during the seven Years war against England, delays in construction meant that it was not ready for launch until October 1763 – eight months after the war itself was concluded with the Treaty of Paris. As built, the Danae had a length of 129 feet 3 inches 39.4 m, a keel of 107 feet 3 inches 32.7 m, a beam of 34 feet 9 inches 10.59 m, and a depth of hold of 10 feet 6 inches 3.2 m. Her armament consisted of 32 8-pounder guns located along the gun deck, quarterdeck and forecastle. Its crew numbered 250 people.
Returning to active service during the Anglo-French war in 1779, she was selected to lead a naval escort for 1.500 French troops in an attempted invasion of Jersey. For this purpose, she was put to sea at the end of April 1779, accompanied by the 26-gun frigate "Diana" and four small gunboats. On may 1, the landing at St. Ouen, Jersey, was disrupted by local militia and a detachment of Seaforth highlanders, and it was decided to return the fleet to St. Malo. However, the news of the landing of the French had reached Portsmouth, and a small British fleet was put to sea to cut off his escape route. The French and British fleets met at Coutances on 13 may. The French vessels anchored under the protection of a small artillery battery on the coast, but chose not to engage when the British approached. The frigate Diana hoisted sail and disappeared into port, but the Danae and four smaller vessels ran aground and their crews fled overland. The British, under the command of sir James Wallace on the 50-gun Royal Navy ship HMS Experiment, silenced the battery and then went ashore to refloat the Danae and three other vessels. The captured vessels were taken to Portsmouth dockyard as trophies.
2. British service. (Британская служба)
"Danae" remained anchored for the next six months, while the Admiralty considered the possibility of its reuse. There were obstacles in the way of her return to service. First, her 8-pounder guns were considered a relic of previous wars in an era when 12-and 18-pounder naval guns were commonplace. Second, recent advances in frigate design have made the Danae slower and less seaworthy than her contemporaries in British service, being more than 100 tons heavier than similar vessels without noticeable improvements in durability. She was eventually reassigned to escort convoys to British Quebec, making her maiden voyage as a Royal Navy vessel in may 1780 and remaining on active convoy service between England, Newfoundland and the West Indies until the end of the war three years later. In late 1780, she rebuilt and captured the Jack, a 14-gun American Privateer that was brought to the port of Quebec as a prize.
After paying off in February 1783, the Danae returned to England via Woolwich dockyard to undergo minor repairs. There it was left at anchor with a skeleton crew as part of the port authoritys nominal fleet. Never refitted for sea, the aging ship was finally decommissioned and sold at auction in October 1797.
3. Bibliography. (Библиография)
- Winfield, Rif 2014. British warships of the age of sail 1793-1817: design, construction, careers and fates. Barnsley, United Kingdom: Seaforth. ISBN 9781844157174.
- Close, William Laird, 1898. The Royal Navy: a history from ancient times to the present day. 3. London: Sampson, Lowe, Marston and company. OCLC 645627800.
Users also searched:
hms danae (1779), saint ouen, jersey. hms danae (1779),
no need to download or install
Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!online intellectual game →