★ Eugenia Rasponi
Eugenie Rasponi was an Italian aristocrat who became a suffragette and businesswoman. Dedicated to social projects, like her mother, she started a furniture production to preserve the local handmade paintings made in the Romagna. In 1918, she met a lesbian writer and suffragette, Lina Poletti. These two women will live together for the next 40 years, traveling through Europe and Asia and studying philosophy and theosophy.
1. Early life. (Ранняя жизнь)
Eugenia Rasponi-Murat was born on September 18, 1873 in Ravenna, in the Romagna region of the Kingdom of Italy, to Princess Constanza ghica and Gioacchino Rasponi-Murat. She was the youngest of four surviving children. Her paternal grandparents were count Giulio Rasponi and Princess Luisa Giulia Murat, and her paternal great-grandparents were Joachim Murat, King of Naples and Caroline Bonaparte, sister of Napoleon. Her maternal grandparents were Maria Vacarescu and Costas gica from Wallachia, and her great-grandfather was the poet Nicolae Vacarescu. A month after her birth, her parents moved from Ravenna to Palermo, where her father took over as prefect. He died when she was four years old.
After her husbands death, Rasponis mother returned to Ravenna and participated in social welfare programs. She was President of the Società Operaia femminile, Which She helped found in 1880. In 1894, she led a movement to establish the Committee of the red cross in Ravenna and became its first President. She died the following year, having convinced her daughter of the importance of humanitarian service.
2. Career. (Карьера)
In 1903, rasponi acquired the castle-fortress known locally as Castello Malatestiano, in Santarcangelo di Romagna, where She ran a furniture factory. Interested in the local craft that produced hand-printed canvases, she purchased them as ornaments for the castle and to use as upholstery for her furniture. Rasponi became a prominent suffragist in Ravenna and participated in the 1908 Convention of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Donne Italiane, the National Council of Italian women, headed by her cousin Gabriella Rasponi Spalletti. Around 1918, Rasponi met Cordula Poletti, known as"Lina". Poletti was both a suffragette and an outright lesbian. Sharing their hometown, their political views, and their understanding of art, these two women became a couple. They lived in the Palazzo Rasponi Murat in Ravenna and in 1921 hosted the CNDI Congress in the Palace. The openness of the relationship between Rasponi and Polettis was not accepted by the community, and after the conference, the women decided to close the factory and move to Rome together.
In 1922, Poletti gave most of the family heirlooms of the Napoleonic era to her cousin count Gian Battista Spelletti. After a 30-year closure, it reopened rooms in the Palazzo in Ravenna, where the rest of the Museum-quality exhibits were stored, including portraits of king Murat and Caroline Bonaparte by Francois Gerard and numerous landscape paintings. She continued to be active in the fight for equal rights of people, living with a group of like-minded people in their various residences. While in Rome, Rasponi and Poletti lived on via Giovanni Battista Morgagni and participated in several intellectual salons. They attended Theosophical and philosophical meetings, which brought them to the attention of authorities. As a result, their home was repeatedly raided by the police. In one case in 1937, they organized seminars for jiddu Krishnamurti, an anti-fascist philosopher. In February and March he spoke in the house Response with a number of presentations on spiritual matters, and the police interrupted the meeting accusing Krishnamurti in the preparation of policy initiatives. Supporters of Krishnamurti wrote letters to the government stating that Potetti and Rasponi fully supported the government and that Krishnamurti was apolitical. The charges were eventually dropped. The couple traveled extensively in Europe and Asia, making long study trips to gather anthropological and esoteric answers to existential dilemmas.
3. Death and legacy. (Смерть и наследие)
Rasponi died in 1958, having worked with Poletti for 40 years. She is credited with saving the hand-painted canvas craft in Romagna from extinction. Having no children, Rasponi left her estate to her cousin, count Gian" Giovanni Battista Spalletti Trivelli, son of Gabriella. In turn, the Rocca Malatestiana Santarcangelo was inherited by Princess Marina Colonna Di Paliano, who restored and reopened it to the public in 2019. Her apartment in the Palazzo Rasponi Murat was preserved after her death as a Museum and could be viewed by the public as intended until 2012.
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