★ Stanley Haviland
Stanley Haviland was a New South Wales public servant who served as Deputy Secretary Of the Department of local government from 1946 to 1960, and was President of the Metropolitan water, sewer and drainage Board from 1960 to 1965. He was also active in the development and initiation of the Sydney Opera house as Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Opera house and the Sydney Opera house Foundation from 1954 to 1969.
1. Early life and career. (Ранняя жизнь и карьера)
Stanley Haviland was born on 13 April 1899 in Kogarah, colony of New South Wales, the fourth son of Cecil Henry Haviland 1861-1943, a clerk, and Emily Hannah Shaw 1862-1937. Educated at Cleveland street High school, Haviland joined the New South Wales civil service, where he was appointed a Junior clerk in the lands Department on 13 April 1915.
In 1920, he was appointed a clerk in the returned Soldiers settlement Department of the land Department. On November 16, 1920, Reverend Woodhouse married Haviland to Florence Mary Nunn at Glen Innes Methodist Church. After their honeymoon in TERRIGAL, the Havilands moved to the Sydney suburb of Bexley. On August 26, 1921, their son Innes Stanley Haviland was born at their Bexley residence, Lindisfarne, on Glenfarne street.
2.1. A career in public service. Local authority. (Местный орган власти)
On may 1, 1931, Haviland left the Land Department and was appointed first Secretary of the Department of local government. On February 1, 1936, the Department of public works and the Department of local government were merged into the Department of works and local government, and Haviland was further promoted as a special officer and Secretary of the local government examination committees from the same date. However, on November 1, 1936, Haviland was further promoted to senior assistant Undersecretary of the Department. On the occasion of his appointment to this position the municipality of Bexley sent him a congratulatory letter.
When the Department was reshuffled in 1941 and local government was transferred to the new Department of local government and housing, Haviland retained his post as assistant Undersecretary to the Minister effective June 2, 1941. On 20 June 1945, the Minister for local government, Joseph Cahill, appointed Haviland as a Commissioner of the Clancy Royal Commission on local government boundaries, charged with investigating whether the boundaries of the city of Sydney should be extended and which areas should be merged, and whether any other areas in Cumberland County should be merged, subdivided, or otherwise modified and recreated as a municipality or County.
The final report of the Royal Commission initially recommended much more ambitious targets for amalgamation, including the city of Sydney, which included all councils from Ashfield and Marrickville to botany, Randwick and Vaucluse, and the North to include North Sydney and Mosman. A minority report written by the third Commissioner, Ronald storey, mayor of Drummoyne, recommended reducing 66 councils to 34, a more modest target compared to the majoritys recommendation of 66 to 18. a More ambitious plan to create eight new towns in Cumberland County, known as the "eight towns plan", was developed by Haviland and seriously considered by the state Cabinet after the Commissions report was published in mid-1946. However, this plan met with considerable opposition from local government circles, and finally, in July 1947, the Cabinet decided to develop a legislative plan in accordance with the first recommendation to reduce 66 Councils to 14.
With the retirement of the Deputy Secretary of the Department, Henry Eastwood street, in June 1946, Haviland became acting Deputy Secretary on 1 July 1946 and succeeded him as principal Deputy Secretary for local government, resigning completely on 5 October 1946. In 1951 and 1954, he chaired the committees for the organization of the Commonwealth of Australia jubilee and the Royal visit. In 1957, he was awarded the title of Commander of the Order of the British Empire CBE for his work as head of the Department of local government.
2.2. A career in public service. Sydney opera house. (Сиднейский оперный театр)
In late 1954, Premier Joseph Cahill appointed Haviland Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Sydney Opera house, whose duties included examining proposals for its location and design. The Committee eventually considered 14 proposed locations for the Opera house, including Fort Macquaries Bennelong point, the issue of a government subscription to Fund the Opera house, and a design competition that Jorn Utzon won. On 14 March 1961, the Havilland Committee, which oversaw the launch of the Opera house project, was transformed into the Sydney Opera trust Fund by the Sydney Opera Trust act of 1961, of which Havilland was appointed Chairman.
Haviland was a strong advocate of Utzons choice and design, and defended It in July 1962 in response to criticism of Utzons regular changes and alterations to his design during construction: "most critics seem to have overlooked the subtle superiority of Mr. Utzons creative and comprehensive concepts, so widely recognized in 1957, and the need to reconcile an unusually wide variety of requirements with the scientific flexibility of design. The Opera house itself is admired around the world, and it will be a source of great pride for the people of Sydney in particular."Under Havilands leadership, the new trust oversaw the remaining construction of the Opera house, including after Utzons resignation in 1966, and it will serve until the passage of the Sydney Opera house Trust act 1969 amendment act on 1 may 1969.
2.3. A career in public service. Sydney Water Board. (Сиднейский Водный Совет)
Haviland also served on the Metropolitan water, sewer, and drainage Board, serving as Vice President from 1955 to 1960. When Haviland resigned from his position as Deputy Secretary for local government in September 1960, as a mark of the respect with which he was treated by local governments throughout the state, he was presented with a certificate Fund and an official presentation containing goodwill messages from more than 200 County councils, municipalities and counties at the local government conference in orange on October 25, 1960.
When John Goodsell, Chairman of the Metropolitan water, sewer and drainage Board, was appointed Chairman of the public service Board, Haviland was appointed Chairman of the Board effective September 23, 1960. His term of office was noted for promoting staff relations, facilitating formalities, and contributing to the improvement and decoration of picnic areas on the sides of the levees."Haviland was responsible for the development of public facilities and picnic areas in the former construction area around the Warragamba dam when it was completed in 1960. When Haviland resigned from the Board of Directors, the main picnic area and Park were subsequently named in his honour in December 1965 by Haviland Park, which is now listed on the New South Wales heritage register.
3. Later career and legacy. (Более поздняя карьера и наследие)
When his term as Chairman of the water resources Board expired on September 22, 1965, Haviland did not quietly resign, but on August 25, 1965, he was appointed a member of the Royal Commission of inquiry into local government ratings, assessments and finances, chaired by justice ray ELS-Mitchell. The commissioned reported in 1967, with its main recommendation to establish the Local Government Grants Commission accepted by the government of Robert Askin.
Haviland was a member of the state boards of the Royal Institute of public administration and the National trust of Australia, the Board of the Australian Elizabethan theatre Foundation 1956-1970, the Australian Museum Foundation 1960-1970 and the Royal national Park. He was also an active Rotarian 1948-1972 and President of the St. George area boy scout Association 1958-1971.
Ten months after his wifes death, Haviland died on 2 June 1972 at his home in Kingsgrove and was cremated. He was buried in the Voronin Memorial Park next to his wife, mother and father, as well as his paternal grandparents. After his death, the Sydney morning Herald noted that he was "a dedicated public servant, he believed that his function was to advise the government, not make public statements." His only son, Innes Stanley Haviland, became an engineer, graduating from the University of Sydney with a bachelor of engineering degree in 1943, and was a returned veteran who served as a Lieutenant in the 23rd Field company of the Royal Australian engineers in the 1943-1945 new Guinea campaign. Later, Innes Haviland was elected Alderman of North Sydneys Belmore ward municipality and mayor of North Sydney 1966-1968, 1974-1975, and was also a councillor and President of the Sydney borough Council 1975-1977. He was made a member of the Order of the British Empire MBE in 1976 and awarded the Queen Elizabeth II silver jubilee medal in 1977.
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