★ Pal Funk
PAL funk, born PAL Pinkas, also known professionally as Angelo, was a leading 20th-century photographer in Hungary. He was also a cinematographer and fashion designer.
1. Early life. (Ранняя жизнь)
He was partly of Italian descent, and there were many artists in his family. His great-grandfather, Alessandro Angelo, was a muralist at the Hofburg in Vienna, and was also rumored to have designed sets for Gioachino Rossini. The artists family members adopted the artists name” Angelo in honor of its famous predecessor.
PAL funk began photographing at the age of ten, but his artistic studies were not limited to photography: in 1910, he attended the Carl Bowers school of painting in Munich, and then the Peters photo Studio in Hamburg, the Durkoop Studio in Berlin, the studios of Rudolf Durkup and Nikola Persheidin in Berlin, with Leopold-Emil Reitlinger in Paris, with Marcus Adams and E. O. Hoppe in London. He returned home from France in 1914, and then spent four years in the army during world war I.
His wife, Anna misli, was a dancer at the Opera house.
2. Career. (Карьера)
After returning home, he started working in Aladar Székelys Studio in Budapest as a first assistant, and after several unsuccessful attempts, he opened his first Studio in 1919 at 14 Vilmos csaszar ut. From 1920 to 1946, his Studio was shot in Budapest, soon after that he photographed again in Paris and nice, and then, until 1938, he worked in Paris and Amsterdam, in temporary studios.
Among the names he has used internationally are P. F. Angelo Pal, Paul Angelo, Funk Pal and Funk Pinkasz.
In 1923, he also worked in Paris as a fashion designer and dresser.
Between the wars, his work appeared in such magazines as Vanity Fair, Harpers Bazaar, Cinema, Die Dame, Berliner Leben, and Berliner Zeitung Illustrte.
In 1926, he became a fellow of the Royal photographic society of great Britain.
Among those he photographed were Charlie Chaplin, Serge Lifar, Josephine Baker, Vaclav Nijinsky, Isadora Duncan, Pablo Picasso and Bela Bartok.
From the pedagogical side, he has delivered more than seventy lectures on Hungarian photography, the aesthetics of modern photography, portrait and Nude photography. He was also the Chairman of the master of photography examination Committee.
From 1927 to 1937, he wrote dozens of articles for Fotomuveszeti Hirek Photography News, and from 1934 to 1938, he was one of the editors of Magyar Fotografia Hungarian Photography.
During the Second world war, he was detained by the Gestapo because of his Jewish origin, but he fortunately managed to avoid the fate of many other Hungarian Jews.
3. Survey. (Опрос)
He first became involved in cinematography during the First world war, working with michali Kertesz Michael Curtis from 1916, and then spent several months of the year on the set of the Franco-British film company. He also worked at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer with such famous artists as Rex Ingram, Erich Pommer, Fritz lang, Alexander Volkov, Ernst lubitsch and Harry Lachmann.
According to some sources, he made the first Hungarian sound film. He also directed the first commercial film, in 1927. The cameraman was Istvan Eiben. According to some sources, he regularly worked with films for seven years, according to others-more than ten years.
4. Career after world war II. (Карьера после Второй мировой войны)
In 1945, he founded the Angelo Foto Akademiat Angelo Photography Academy, where he sought to invite famous photographers as teachers.
In addition to Studio photography, he was also actively involved in the creation and functioning of professional organizations. After world war II, he took part in the activities Of the Association of Hungarian Amateur photographers MADOME, and in 1956 he was also one of the founders Of the Association of Hungarian photographers.
His Studio was nationalized in 1951, and since then he has worked as a simple skilled worker, a member of the Budapest small-scale production cooperative Budapest Fenykepesz Kisipari Termelo Szovetkezet Budapest Photographers-but in the same premises as his Studio. Angelo tried to live up to the expectations of his age, he became a co-op Stakhanovite, having photographed about 450.000 people during his career. In addition to working in the cooperative, he took more and more photographs for his own pleasure, to satisfy his artistic inclinations. In his later images there are no living figures, his pictorial world has become surreal and alien.
5. Retrospectives. (Ретроспективы)
- Kindred spirit. Peter Nadas and Hungarian photography 1912-2003, den Haag Photomuseum, Den Haag, September 25, 2004-January 3, 2005.
- Seelenverwandt. Ungarische Fotografen 1914 - 2003, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, 10 Jun – 29 Aug 2005.
- Mouvement, rythme, danse - Les debuts de la danse moderne en Hongrie 1902-1950, Institut Hongrois, Paris, 7 Nov – 14 Dec 2013.
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