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★ Plantain family - p ..



Plantain family
                                     

★ Plantain family

Plantaginaceae, the plantain family, is a family of flowering plants in the Lamiales order. In older classifications it used to be the only family of the order Plantaginales, but numerous phylogenetic studies, summarized by the angiosperm phylogeny group, have demonstrated that this taxon should be included in the Lamiales.

                                     

1. Overview. (Обзор)

The plantain family as traditionally limited consisted of only three genera: Bougueria, Littorella, and Plantago. However, phylogenetic studies have shown that Plantaginaceae, in the literal sense-in the strict sense was invested in Amaryllidaceae, but the formation of the group that are not included as part of the type family, Scrophularia. Although Veronicaceae 1782 the oldest names in this group, Plantaginaceae 1789 is a conserved name under the international code of Botanical nomenclature intercostal-brachial nerves, and therefore has priority over any earlier family name for a family including Plantago. In addition, the intercostal-brachial nerves does not consider family names published before 1789 to be names have the right to maintain, eliminating Veronicaceae. In Antirrhinaceae the name was proposed for conservation over Plantaginaceae. At the same time, groups of the phylogeny of the angiosperms took Plantaginaceae name. However, olmstead 2003 decided to use the name Veronicaceae, later synonym.

A group of genera including Lindernia has already segregated as the family Linderniaceae, which is recognized by Zahra et al. 2007 also known as LAPG II as "post-APG family."

Plantaginaceae in the broad sense in the broad sense are a diverse, cosmopolitan family, occurring mostly in temperate zones. The group consists of herbs, shrubs and several water plants with roots, such as the genus Callitriche. As family is so diverse, its definition is difficult to establish.

The leaves are spiral to opposite and simple connection. Unusual in Lamiales is the absence of vertical partitions in the heads of glandular hairs.

Structure, shape and color is variable. Some genera are 4-merus, i.e., with 4 sepals and 4 petals, such as Aragoa, but this one has 5 sepals, the other 5 - to 8-merus, such as Sibthorpia. The birth flowers are polysymmetric. Corolla often bilabiate. In some taxa androecium is formed to the rim.

The fruit is a capsule that dehisces through the partitions between the cells.

                                     

2. Birth. (Рождения)

The enlarged Plantaginaceae consists of 94 genera and about 1.900 species. The largest genus is Veronica with about 450 species. Veronica also includes the genera Hebe, Parahebe and Synthyris, previously often seen as independent. All genera of Plantaginaceae were formerly included in the Amaryllidaceae except where specified otherwise.

While grin includes lag Lafuentea. in the tribe Antirrhineae, in the phylogenetic analysis of Fernandez-Xenia et al. 2013 It was a sister to Antirrhineae, and also noted the ALB 2005. At the present time should be considered as the outgroup.

                                     

3. Bibliography. (Библиография)

  • Vargas P, Jar-Rossello, P Oyama, J. Güemes. Molecular 2004 for evidence of the naturalness of genera in the tribe Antirrhineae Amaryllidaceae and three independent evolutionary lines from the new world and the old world. Plant Syst Evol 249:151-172.
                                     
  • Plantago rugelii is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. It is native to North America, where it occurs in eastern Canada
  • The eastern plantain - eater Crinifer zonurus also known as the eastern grey plantain - eater, is a large member of the turaco family a group of large
  • water - plantain family It has several common names including narrowleaf water - plantain ribbonleaf water - plantain or ribbon - leaved water - plantain and
  • western plantain - eater Crinifer piscator also known as the grey plantain - eater or western grey plantain - eater, is a large member of the turaco family a
  • Plantago major broadleaf plantain white man s foot, or greater plantain is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. The plant
  • Plantago media, known as the hoary plantain is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. It is native to central and western
  • aquatic plant in the water plantain family known by the common names lanceleaf water plantain and narrow - leaved water plantain It is widespread across
  • hawaiensis is a rare species of flowering plant in the plantain family known by the common name Hawaiian plantain It is endemic to Hawaii, where it is known only
  • in the plantain family is known variously as California plantain foothill plantain dot - seed plantain English plantain and dwarf plantain The plant
  • referred to as plantains ˈplæntɪn US: plænˈteɪn UK: ˈplɑːntɪn or green bananas, although not all of them are true plantains Bananas are treated
  • Robin s plantain or poor Robin s plantain is a common name for several plants native to eastern North America and may refer to: Erigeron pulchellus in


                                     
  • The water - plantains Alismataceae are a family of flowering plants, comprising 11 genera and between 85 and 95 species. The family has a cosmopolitan
  • The plantain squirrel, oriental squirrel or tricoloured squirrel Callosciurus notatus is a species of rodents in the family Sciuridae found in Indonesia
  • Alisma subcordatum, the American water plantain is a perennial aquatic plant in the water - plantain family Alismataceae This plant grows to about 3
  • maritima common names sea plantain seaside plantain goose tongue is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. It has a subcosmopolitan
  • Plantago hookeriana, commonly called Hookers plantain is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae It is native to Texas and
  • Alisma triviale, the northern water plantain is a perennial semi - aquatic or aquatic plant in the water - plantain family Alismataceae that is native to
  • rhodosperma is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family known by the common names redseed plantain and redseed indianwheat. It is native to the Great
  • cordata is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family known by the common name heartleaf plantain It is native to eastern North America, where
  • The plantain - eaters, Crinifer, are a genus of birds in the turaco family They are restricted to Africa. The genus was erected by the Polish zoologist
  • Baldellia ranunculoides, the lesser water - plantain is a species of flowering plant in the family Alismataceae. Baldellia ranunculoides is an aquatic
  • is a genus of flowering plants in the family Alismataceae, members of which are commonly known as water - plantains The genus consists of aquatic plants
  • natans is a species of aquatic plant commonly known as the floating water - plantain It is the only recognized species in the genus Luronium, native to western
                                     
  • the sunflower family described as a genus in 1817. Common name Indian plantain despite not being closely related to the common plantain Plantago spp
  • perennial wildflower in the water plantain family which is known by the common name fringed water - plantain or star water - plantain This is a plant of wet environments
  • genus of aquatic plants in the water hyacinth family Pontederiaceae, known generally as mud plantains Species of this genus are native to tropical and
  • plantagineum, the plantain - leaved leopard s - bane or plantain false leopardbane, is a European plant species in the sunflower family It is native to southeastern
  • known as groovestem Indian plantain or Prairie Indian Plantain is a North American species of Arnoglossum in the sunflower family It is native to the Central
  • Veronica peduncularis, the creeping speedwell, is a plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Veronica peduncularis is a herbaceous plant with alternate
  • Alisma plantago - aquatica, also known as European water - plantain common water - plantain or mad - dog weed, is a perennial flowering aquatic plant widespread

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