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★ Doctor Who
Doctor Who-British science television programs fiction production for the BBC since 1963. The program tells the adventures of a Time Lord called "the Doctor", an alien creature, apparently human, from the planet Gallifrey. The doctor explores the universe in a time-traveling spaceship called the TARDIS. Its appearance looks like a British police box is blue, which was common in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Accompanied by several companions, the doctor combats with various enemies while working to save civilisations and help people in need.
The show is an important part of British pop culture, and elsewhere it has acquired cult status. He influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series. The programme originally ran from 1963 to 1989. There was an unsuccessful attempt to revive the serial production in 1996 with a pilot program in the form of a television film called "Doctor Who". The program was updated in 2005, and has since been produced in-house bi-Bi-si of Wales, Cardiff. Doctor who also spawned many spin-offs including comics, movies, stories, audio dramas and TV series 2006-2011 Torchwood, Sarah Jane adventures 2007-2011, K-9 2009-2010, and the class of 2016, and has been the subject of numerous parodies and references in popular culture.
Thirteen actors have headlined the series as the doctor. The transition from one subject to another written on the plot of the series with the concept of Rebirth in a new incarnation, the plot device in which a time Lord "transformered" into a new body when the current is too badly damaged to heal properly. Each image of the actors unique, but they all represent stages in the life of one and the same character, and together they form a single life with a single narrative. The time travel feature of the plot means that different incarnations of the doctor occasionally. The doctor is currently portrayed by jodie Whittaker, who took on the role after Peter Capaldis to leave in 2017 Christmas special "twice upon a time".
1. The room. (Номер)
Doctor who follows the adventures of the protagonist, time, rogue Lord from the planet Gallifrey, who goes by the name "Doctor". The doctor fled Gallifrey in a stolen TARDIS "time and relative dimension in space" time Machine, which travels through the materialization and dematerialize from the time vortex. The TARDIS has a rich interior, but it seems smaller on the outside, and is equipped with a "chameleon circuit" is intended to make the car take on the appearance of local objects to disguise, due to a malfunction, the doctors, the TARDIS remains fixed as a blue British police box.
In time and space, doctors of many incarnations, often events that could excite the curiosity and try to prevent evil forces from harming innocent people or changing history, using only ingenuity and minimal resources, such as a universal sonic screwdriver. The doctor rarely travels alone and often brings one or more companions to share these adventures. These satellites are, as a rule, people because of the excitement of the doctors of the planet Earth, which also leads to frequent collaboration with international military units of the task force when the Earth is threatened. Doctor centuries and, as a time Lord, has the ability to regenerate in the case of mortal harm to the body, taking on a new appearance and personality. The doctor received many recurring enemies during his travels, including the Daleks, Cybermen, and the master, another renegade time Lord.
2. History. (История)
Doctor Who first appeared on bi-Bi-si TV at 17:16:20 GMT on Saturday, 23 November 1963, it was eighty seconds later than the scheduled time of the program, because of the assassination of John F. Kennedy the previous day. There should be regular weekly programme, each episode 25 minutes of transmission length. Discussion and plans the program has been in progress during the year. Head of drama Sydney Newman was mainly responsible for the development of the program, with the first format document for the series written by Newman along with the head of the script Department and later head of serials Donald Wilson and staff writer C. E. Webber. Writer Anthony Coburn, story editor David Whitaker and initial producer Verity Lambert also made a significant contribution to the development of the series.
The program was originally intended to appeal to a family audience as an educational programme using time travel as a means to explore scientific ideas and famous moments in history. On 31 July 1963 Whitaker instructed Terry nation to write a story called the mutants. As originally written, the Daleks and thals were the victims of an alien neutron bomb attack but nation later dropped the aliens and made the Daleks the aggressors. When the script was presented to Newman and Wilson it was immediately rejected as the programme was not permitted to contain any "bug-eyed monsters". According to producer Verity Lambert, "we had no choice - we had only Dalek serial to go. We had a little crisis of confidence because Donald that can cause physical and / or psychological injury, hurt or death to persons, animals or property, intentional or accidental") doctor who was the most violent of the drama programmes the Corporation produced at the time. The report notes that 3% of respondents consider the show as "very inappropriate" for family viewing. Reacting to the results of a survey in the newspaper, journalist Philip Howard maintained that, "to compare the violence of Dr Who, tied to a horse-laugh out of a nightmare, with the more realistic violence of other television series, where actors who look like human beings bleed paint that looks like blood, is like comparing Monopoly with the property market in London: as speculation, but is meant to be taken seriously."
The image of the TARDIS is firmly linked to the show in the consciousness of the public, BBC scriptwriter Anthony Coburn, who lived in the resort town of Herne Bay, Kent, was one of those who planned the police box as a time machine. In 1996, bi-Bi-si has applied for a trademark to use the TARDIS blue police Box design in merchandising associated with Doctor Who. In 1998, the Metropolitan police authority filed an objection to the trademark claim, but in 2002 the Patent office ruled in favor of Bi-bi-si.
Program widespread popularity attracts audiences of children and families, as well as fans of science fiction.
The 21st century revival of the programme has become a center bi-Bi-si on Saturday on schedule, and "defined the channel". Since its return, doctor who consistently receive high ratings, as the number of spectators and is measured by the index appreciation. In 2007, Caitlin Moran, television reviewer once wrote that doctor who is "quintessential to being British". Director Steven Spielberg said that "the world would be a poorer place without Doctor Who ".
4 Aug 2013 in a live programme titled Doctor Who live: the next doctor was shown on Bi-bi-si, in which the actor who will play the Twelfth Doctor was revealed. Show live watched on average 6.27 million In the UK and also broadcast in the United States, Canada and Australia.
3. Episodes. (Эпизоды)
Doctor who originally ran for 26 seasons on BBC, 23 November 1963 6 December 1989. During the original run, each weekly episode formed part story or "serial" - usually four to six parts in earlier years and three to four in subsequent years. Some notable exceptions were: the Daleks master plan, which aired twelve episodes, almost the entire season of seven episodes of the series season 7, the ten-episode serial the war games and the trial of a time Lord, which lasted fourteen episodes, albeit divided into three production codes and four narrative segments during season 23. Sometimes series have been linked to the storyline, such as season 8, focusing on the struggle of Dr. a rogue time Lord called the master, season 16S search of the key to time, season 18S journey through e-Space and the theme of entropy, and the season 20x black guardian trilogy.
The program was conceived as a training for families on early Saturday evening. Initially, it alternated stories set in the past, which taught younger audience members about history, with those who in the future or in outer space, focusing on science. This was also reflected in the Doctors original companions, one of whom was a science teacher and another a history teacher.
However, science fiction stories came to dominate the program, and the history-focused episodes, which were not popular with the crew, were dropped after the highlanders 1967. Although the subjects continued to use the historic environment, it was just a prop for sci-Fi stories, except the "Black Dahlia", 1982, set in the 1920-ies in England.
The first stories were piecemeal in nature, with the narrative of one story flowing into another, and each episode had a separate name, although different stories with their own production codes. After the duelists, 1966, however, each serial was given its own name, and individual parts are just numbered episode.
Programs many writers, Robert Holmes was the most prolific, while Douglas Adams became the most well-known outside of Doctor Who due to the popularity of his "Hitchhikers guide to the Galaxy" works.
The format of the series was changed for the 2005 revival of the series usually consisting of thirteen 45-minute standalone episodes of 60 minutes with advertising on commercial channels, and an expanded 60-minute episode was broadcast on Christmas day. This system has been shortened to twelve episodes and one Christmas special after waking up the eighth series, and ten episodes from the eleventh series. Each series includes both standalone and a few episodic stories with a story arc that resolves in the series finale. In the beginning of the era of the "classic" series, each episode, whether individual or part of a larger story, has its own name. Sometimes ordinary series episodes will exceed the 45 minutes, in particular, episodes of "journeys end" from 2008 and "the eleventh hour" from 2010 exceeded an hours length.
858 doctor who contributions been televised since 1963, ranging from 25-minute episodes, the most common format of the classical era, 45 / 50-minute episodes, two feature-length productions 1983s the five doctors and the 1996 television movie, Twelve Christmas discounts more than 60 minutes duration, one of 72 minutes, and four additional discount of 60 to 75 minutes in 2009, 2010 and 2013. Four mini-episodes, running about eight minutes each, was released in 1993, 2005 and 2007 children in need charity organizations, while another mini episode was produced in 2008 "Doctor Who" - themed edition for Proms. In 1993, in 2 parts of the story, entitled dimensions in time was made in collaboration with actors Bi BBC soap Opera EastEnders and was filmed partly on the set of eastenders. In a two part mini-episode was also released in 2011 edition of the comic. Starting with the 2009 special "planet of the dead" series was filmed in 1080i for HDTV, and broadcast simultaneously on BBC One and BBC HD.
In honor of the 50th anniversary of the show, a special 3D episode of "doctor who" was shown in 2013. In March 2013, it was announced that Tennant and Piper will return, and that this episode will have a limited release on cinema screens around the world.
In April 2015, Steven Moffat confirmed that doctor who will run at least another five years to extend the show until 2020. In June 2017, it was announced that in connection with the terms of the transaction between bi-Bi-si in the world Pictures and SMG in China, the company has first right of refusal to purchase for the Chinese market of the future series program up to 15 of the series.
3.1. Episodes. The missing episodes. (Недостающие эпизоды)
Between 1967 and 1978, large amount of old material stored in a control system bbcs various video and film archives or destroyed, wiped or suffered from poor storage which led to a sharp deterioration in the quality of broadcasting. This included many old episodes of Doctor Who, mostly stories featuring the first two doctors: William Hartnell, Patrick Troughton. Overall, 97 of 253 episodes produced during the first six years of implementation of the programme are not held in the archives of the bbcs control system especially seasons 3, 4, 5, of which 79 episodes is not enough. In 1972 almost all episodes then was on bi-Bi-si, And by 1978 the practice of erasing and destroying the "extra" copies were brought to the spot.
No 1960s episodes exist in their original videotape all surviving copies recorded on film, although some were transferred to film for editing before transmission, and exist in their broadcast form.
Some episodes have been returned to bi-Bi-si from the archives of other countries who bought copies for broadcast, or by private individuals who acquired them by various means. Early colored footage from the air with a fan has been received, as well as excerpts filmed from the television screen onto 8 mm cine film and clips that were shown on other programmes. There are audio versions of all of the lost episodes from home viewers who made tape recordings of the show. Short clips from every story with the exception of 1964 Marco Polo, "mission to the unknown" in 1965 and the massacre of St. Bartholomew of December 1966 also exists.
In addition to these, there are voice over pictures taken by photographer John Cura, who was hired by various staff film crews to document their programs in the 1950-ies and 1960-ies, including Doctor Who. They were used for reconstructions of the serials. These Amateur reconstructions have been tolerated by Bi-bi-si, under the condition that they are not sold for profit and distributed in the form of defective copies.
One of the most sought-after lost episodes is part four of the last William Hartnell serial, the tenth planet 1966, which ends with the first doctor becomes the second. The only part of this episode, not counting a few poor quality silent 8 mm clips, is the few seconds of the regeneration scene, as it was shown in the journal children show Blue Peter. With the approval of Bi-bi-si, now we make an effort to recover the maximum number of scenes from the extant material.
The "official" reconstruction was also released Bi-bi-si, on VHS, on mp3 CD and especially on DVD. Bi-bi-si, in conjunction with animation Studio Cosgrove Hall has reconstructed the missing Episodes 1 and 4 of the invasion in 1968, using remastered audio tracks and the comprehensive stage notes for the original filming, for TV series on DVD in November 2006. Missing episodes of terror were animated by animation company Theta-Sigma in collaboration with big finish, and became available for purchase in may 2013 Amazon.com. Subsequent animations made in 2013 was the tenth planet, the Ice warriors 1967 and 1967 lunar base.
In April 2006, Blue Peter was a challenge to find missing Doctor Who episodes with the promise of a full-scale Dalek model as a reward.
In December 2011 it was announced that part 3 of Galaxy 4 in 1965 and 2 of the underwater menace in 1967 was returned to bi-Bi-si with a fan, which was purchased in the mid 1980-ies, not realizing that bi-Bi-si did not keep copies of them.
10 Oct 2013 Bi-bi-si has announced that films of eleven episodes, including nine missing episodes, had been found in a television relay station in Jos, Nigerian. Six of the eleven films discovered a six-part serial the enemy of the world 1968, of which all but the third episode is missing. The rest of the movie was another six-part series, in web of fear 1968 and included the previously missing episodes 2, 4, 5 and 6. Episode 3 the web of fear is still not enough.
4.1. Characters. The doctor. (Врач)
The doctor was initially shrouded in mystery. In the early days, character was an eccentric alien traveler of great intelligence who fought against injustice while exploring time and space in an unreliable time Machine "TARDIS" an acronym for time and relative dimension in space, which, in particular, appears much larger on the inside than outside, the quality referred to as "dimensional transcendentality".
Initially irascible and slightly sinister doctor quickly mellowed into a more compassionate figure and was ultimately shown to be a time Lord from the planet Gallifrey, the doctor escaped, stealing the TARDIS.
4.2. Characters. Change the appearance of. (Изменить внешний вид)
Producers introduced the concept of regeneration, allowing alteration of the protagonist. This was due to the poor condition of the original Star, William Hartnell. The term "regeneration" was not designed to until doctors third on-screen regeneration, Hartnells doctor just described going through "update", and the second Doctor was the "change appearance". The device allows modification of the actor several times in the shows history and a description of alternative doctors or physicians regarding the past or the future.
The serials the deadly assassin and Mawdryn Undead 1976 to 1983 found that a time Lord can regenerate only 12 times, a total of 13 incarnations. This line became stuck in the public consciousness, though not often repeated, and was recognized as the producers of the show as a plot obstacle for when the show finally to regenerate the doctor a thirteenth time. The episode "time of the doctor" 2013 depicted the doctor acquiring a new cycle of regenerations, starting from the Twelfth Doctor, due to the Eleventh Doctors product doctors the twelfth regeneration from his original set.
Although the idea of casting a woman as the doctor it was proposed that shows the writers several times, including Newman in 1986 and Davis in 2008, until 2017, official images were played by men. Jodie Whittaker has taken on the role as the thirteenth doctor at the end of the 2017 Christmas, becoming the first woman to be cast as the character. Whittaker previously starred in television series such as "return to Cranford", Broadchurch, alongside David Tennant tenth doctor and dystopian anthology Black mirror. The show introduced the time lords to change gender on regeneration, in earlier episodes, first the dialogue, then with version Michelle Gomezs wizards.
In addition to those actors, who performed in the series, others have portrayed versions of the doctor in guest roles. In particular, in 2013, John hurt guest-starred as a hitherto unknown incarnation of the doctor known as the war doctor in the run-up to the shows 50th anniversary special "the day of the doctor". He is shown in mini-episode "night of the doctor" retroactively insert into shows, fictional chronology between Mcgann and Ecclestons doctors, although his introduction was written So as not to disturb the established numerical names of doctors. Another example is from the 1986 serial the trial of a time Lord, where Michael Jayston portrayed the Valeyard, who is described as a combination of the darker sides of the doctors nature, somewhere between the twelfth and final incarnations.
In rare cases, other actors stood for the leadership. In the five doctors, Richard Hurndall played the First Doctor due to the death of William Hartnells in 1975, 34 years later, David Bradley as Hartnell replaced twice at the time. Time and the Rani, Sylvester McCoy briefly played the sixth doctor during the regeneration, carrying the seventh place. For more information, see the list of actors who played the doctor. In other media, the doctor has been played by various other actors, including Peter Cushing in two films.
The casting of a new doctor has often inspired debate and reflection. Common themes include Dr. Paul to fill Whittaker, all official incarnations were male, race all the doctors were white before casting Joe Martin in "unorganized Judoon" and age.
4.3. Characters. Meetings of different incarnations. (Встречи разных воплощениях)
There were cases when the actors returning at later dates to repeat the role of their specific doctor. In 1973s the three doctors William Hartnell and Patrick Troughton returned with John Pertwee. For 1983s the five doctors, Troughton and Pertwee returned to star with Peter Davison, and Tom Baker appeared in previously unseen footage from the uncompleted Shada episode. In this episode, Richard Hurndall replaced William Hartnell. Patrick Troughton again returned in 1985s the two doctors with Colin Baker. In 2007, Peter Davison returned in the children in need short "time" with David Tennant. In the "name of the doctor" 2013 the Eleventh Doctor meets a previously unseen incarnation of himself, it was later revealed to be a military doctor. In the next episode "day of the doctor", David Tennants tenth doctor was there for Matt Smiths Eleventh Doctor and John hurt as the war doctor, as well as brief footage from all the previous actors. In addition, several incarnations of the doctor met in a variety of audio dramas and novels based on TV shows. In 2017, the First Doctor, this time portrayed David Bradley is back with Peter Capaldi in "Doctor falls" and "twice upon a time".
4.4. Characters. Revelations about the doctor. (Откровения о враче)
Throughout the programs long history, there have been revelations about the Doctor that put additional questions. In the brain of Morbius 1976, he was hinted that the first doctor may not be the first incarnation, while the other depicted persons were incarnations of the time Lord, Morbius. In subsequent stories the First Doctor was depicted as the earliest incarnation of the doctor. In Mawdryn Undead in 1983, the Fifth Doctor explicitly confirmed that he was now in his fifth incarnation. Later in the same year, during 1983s 20th anniversary special the five doctors, the first doctor asked as the fifth regeneration of the doctor when the Fifth Doctor confirms "fourth", the First Doctor excitedly replies, "Oh, my God. So there are five of me now". In 2010, the Eleventh Doctor similarly calls himself "the eleventh" in "the lodger". In the 2013 episode "the time of the doctor" the Eleventh Doctor explained that it was a product of the twelfth regeneration, due to the previous incarnation, which he decided not to count and one other aborted regeneration. The name eleventh is still used in this embodiment, the same episode depicts predicted "the fall of the eleventh" which had been trailed throughout the series.
During the seventh era of the doctors gave to understand that the doctor was more than just an ordinary time Lord. In the 1996 television movie the eighth doctor describes himself as "half man". With bbcs control system frequently asked questions on the programme notes that "purists tend to disregard this", instead focusing on his Galleraki heritage.
First serial, an unearthly child, shows that the doctor has a granddaughter, Susan foreman. In the 1967 serial, tomb of the Cybermen, when Victoria Waterfield doubts the doctor can remember his family because, "being so ancient", the doctor says that he can, when he wants to - "the rest of the time they sleep in my mind." In 2005, the series shows that the Ninth Doctor thought he was the last surviving time Lord, and that his home planet was destroyed in "the empty child" in 2005, Dr. Constantine States that "before the war even began, I was a father and grandfather. Now I dont." The doctor remarks in response, "Yes, I know the feeling." In "Smith and Jones" in 2007, when asked if he had a brother, he replied: "No, not anymore." In "fear her," 2006, and "doctors daughter" in 2008, he said that he, in the past, been a father.
In "the Wedding of river song" in 2011, means that the doctors true name is a secret that must never be disclosed, this is considered in more detail in "the name of the doctor", 2013, when river song speaking his name allows the great intelligence to enter his tomb, and in "time of the doctor" 2013, where speaking his true name becomes the signal by which the time lords would know they can safely return to the Universe.
4.5. Characters. Comrades. (Товарищи)
The figure of comrade – all people – have been a feature of doctor who after the program inception in 1963. One of the tasks of the satellite will be a reminder for physicians "moral duty". The doctors first companions seen on screen, his granddaughter Susan foreman Carol Ann Ford and her teachers Barbara Wright and Ian Chesterton, Jacqueline hill, William Russell. These characters were intended to act as audience surrogates, through which the audience wanted to obtain information about the doctor who was to act as a mysterious father. The only story from the original series in which the doctor travels alone is the deadly assassin in 1976. Notable companions from the earlier series included novels by Mary Tamm and Lalla ward, time lady, Sarah Jane Smith Elizabeth worked out, and Jo Grant Katy manning. Dramatically, these characters are given to understand, with whom viewers can identify, and contribute to the further story by requesting exposition from the doctor and manufacturing of railings for the doctor to solve. The doctor regularly gains new companions and loses old, sometimes they return home or find new causes - or loves - on worlds they have visited. Some of them died in the course of the series. Companions are usually human or humanoid aliens.
Since the 2005 revival, the doctor generally travels with a primary female companion, who takes more role-playing. Steven Moffat described the companion as the main character of the show, and the story begins anew with each companion and she undergoes more change than the doctor. The primary companions of the ninth and Tenth Doctor rose Tyler Billie Piper Martha Jones Freema Agyeman, and Donna noble Catherine Tate and Mickey Smith Noel Clarke Jack Harkness John Barrowman as recurring secondary figures friend. The eleventh Doctor became the first to travel with a married couple, Amy pond and Rory Williams, Karen Gillan, Arthur Darvill, and due to the lack of sync meetings with river song Alex Kingston and Clara Oswald Jenna Coleman ongoing story arc. The tenth series introduced pearls poppies as bill Potts, doctors first openly gay companion. Pearl McKee said that the increase in representation for LGBT people it is important on the main show.
Some comrades went to re-appear either in the main series or spin-offs. Sarah Jane Smith became the Central character in the TV series the adventures of Sarah Jane 2007-11 after returning to doctor who in 2006. Guest stars in the series included former companions Jo Grant, K9, and the Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart, Nicholas Courtney. The character of Jack Harkness also served to launch the spin-off, Torchwood 2006-2011, in which Martha Jones also appeared.
4.6. Characters. Adversaries. (Супостаты)
When Sydney Newman commissioned the series, he specifically did not want to perpetuate the cliché "bug-eyed monster" of science fiction. However, monsters were popular with audiences and so became one of the main Doctor Who almost from the beginning.
With the shows 2005 revival, Executive producer Russell T Davies announced his intention to bring back classic icons of Doctor Who. In the Autons with the nestene consciousness and Daleks back in series 1, Cybermen in series 2, the macra and the head in series 3, the Sontarans and Davros in series 4, and the time lords, including Rassilon in the 2009-10 specials. Successor Davies, Steven Moffat, has continued the trend by reviving the silurians in the 5th series of Cyborgs in the series 6, the great intelligence and the ice warriors in series 7, and Zygons in the 50th anniversary Special. Since its 2005 return, the series has also introduced new recurring aliens: slitheen Raxacoricofallapatorians, LTD., Judan, the weeping Angels and the silence.
Except for the rare appearances of enemies like ice warriors, ogrons, the Rani, and black guardian, three adversaries have become particularly iconic: the Daleks, Cybermen and the master.
4.7. Characters. Daleks. (Далекс)
The Dalek race, which first appeared in the shows second serial in 1963, are Doctor Whos oldest villains. The Daleks Kaleds from the planet Skaro, the mutated scientist Davros, and are located in mechanical armour shells for mobility. The actual creatures resemble octopuses with large, strong brain. Their armour shells have one eye-stalk, sink-plunger-like device that serves the purpose in hand, and directed energy weapons. Their main weakness is their eyes, attacking them with the use of various weapons can blind the Dalek, causing it to go crazy. Their main role in the series plot, as they frequently remark in their instantly recognizable metallic voices, is to "exterminate" all non-Dalek beings. They are even attacking the Time lords in time of war, as shown during the 50th anniversary of the show. They continue to be a recurring monster in the doctor who franchise, the last being 2019 episodes of "permission". Davros has been a recurring figure since his debut in Genesis of the Daleks, although he has played several different actors.
The Daleks were created by writer Terry nation, who intended them to be an allegory of the Nazis and designer of Bi-bi-si Raymond Cusick. The debut of the Daleks in the second serial, the Daleks 1963-64, as the Daleks and doctor who very popular. Appeared far a postage stamp celebrating British popular culture in 1999, photographed by Lord Snowdon. In "victory of the Daleks" a new set of Daleks were introduced, which come in different colors, the color denoting his role within the species.
4.8. Characters. The Cybermen. (Киберлюди)
Cybermen were originally a fully organic species of humanoids originating on the lands of twin planet Mondas that began to implant more and more artificial parts into their bodies. This led to the race becoming coldly logical and calculating cyborgs, with emotions usually only shown when naked aggression was called for. With the demise of Mondas, they acquired telos as their new home planet. They continue to be a recurring monster in the doctor who franchise.
Series 2006 introduces an all-new version of the Cybermen. These Cybus Cybermen were created in a parallel universe, mad inventor John Lumic, he was trying to save people by transplanting their brains into powerful metal bodies, sending them orders using a mobile phone network and inhibiting their emotions with an electronic chip.
4.9. Characters. Master. (Мастер)
Master the doctors arch enemy, the renegade time Lord who desires to rule the Universe. Conceived as a "Professor Moriarty to the doctors Sherlock Holmes", the character first appeared in 1971. As a doctor, the role was portrayed by several actors, since the master is a time Lord as well and able to heal itself, the first of these actors was Roger Delgado, who continued in office until his death in 1973. The teacher briefly played by Peter Pratt and Geoffrey Beevers until Anthony Ainley took over and continued to play a role, while Doctor Who hiatus in 1989. The master returned in the 1996 television film Doctor Who, and was played by American actor Eric Roberts.
After the series revival in 2005, Derek Jacobi provided the characters re-introduction in the 2007 episode "utopia". In this story, the role was assumed by John SIMM who returned to the role multiple times through the tenth post of doctors. As of the 2014 episode "dark water", it was revealed that the master had become a female incarnation or "time lady", called "Missy" short for mistress, the feminine equivalent of "master". This incarnation played by Michelle Gomez.
John SIMM returned to his role as teacher in the tenth series.
5.1. Music. Theme music. (Тема музыки)
Doctor Who theme music was one of the first electronic music signature tunes for television, and after more than half a century remains one of the most easily recognizable. The original theme was written by Ron granulator and realised by Delia Derbyshire of the workshop bi-Bi-si Radio, with dick mills and was released as a single on Decca F. 11837, 1964. Different parts were built using specific music techniques, by creating tape loops of an individually, the piano string and individual test oscillators and filters. The Derbyshire arrangement, with slight modifications, and the theme to the end 17 of the 1979-80 season. It is regarded as significant and innovative piece electronic music, recorded well before the availability of commercial synthesisers or multitrack mixers. Each note was individually created by cutting, splicing, speeding up and slowing down segments of analogue tape recordings of a single plucked string, white noise, and the simple harmonic waveforms of test-tone generators are intended for calibrating equipment and rooms, not creating music. New methods invented to allow mixing music, as it was before the era of multitrack tape machines. Hearing the end result, pellet mill said, "jeez, Delia, did I write that?" Although the granulator was willing to give Derbyshire a co-composer, it was against the policy of Bi-bi-si at the time.
Was a different arrangement was recorded by Peter Howell for season 18 in 1980, which was in turn replaced by Dominic Glynns agreement for the season-long serial the trial of a time Lord in season 23 in 1986. Keff McCulloch presented a new mechanism for the Seventh doctors era, which lasted from 24 season in 1987 and until the suspension of the series in 1989. American composer John Debney created a new organization, Ron granulators original theme for doctor who in 1996. For the return of the series in 2005, Murray gold provided a new agreement, in which the samples from the 1963 original new items added in the 2005 Christmas episode "the Christmas invasion".
Was introduced in the 2007 Christmas special new arrangement of the theme, again in gold, voyage of the damned, gold returned as composer for the series 2010. He was responsible for the new version, which received negative reviews from some viewers. In 2011, the theme charted at number 228 of radio station classic hall of FMS Fame, a survey of classical music tastes. A revised version gold 2010 arrangement had its debut over the opening titles of the 2012 Christmas special "the snowmen", and a further revision of the agreement was made for the 50th anniversary special "the day of the doctor" in November 2013.
Version of "Doctor Who theme" have also been released as pop music over many years. In the early 1970-ies, John Pertwee, who played the role of the third doctor, recorded a version of the Doctor Who theme with spoken lyrics, titled, "Who is the Doctor." In 1978 a disco version of the theme was released in the UK, Denmark and Australia by the group mankind, which reached number 24 in the UK charts. In 1988 the band the justified ancients of Mu later known as the KLF released the single "doctor in the TARDIS" under the name the Timelords, which reached No. 1 in Britain and No. 2 in Australia, this release includes a few songs, including "rock and roll Part 2" Gary glitter, who recorded vocals for some of the CD-single Remix versions of "the doctors TARDIS". Others who covered or reinterpreted the theme include orbital, Pink Floyd, the Australian string ensemble Fourplay, New Zealand punk band blam the girl, thin Lizzy, dub Syndicate, and the comedians bill Bailey and Mitch Benn. Both themes and obsessive fans were satirised on the cutter of war at all. The theme tune has also appeared on many compilation CDs and has made its way to ringtones for mobile phones. Fans have also produced and distributed their own remixes of the theme. In January 2011 the mankind version was released as a digital download on the album Gallifrey and beyond.
June 26, 2018, producer Chris Chibnall announced that the music in series 11, will be presented to the Royal Birmingham Conservatoire Segun Akinola.
5.2. Music. Music. (Музыка)
A large part of innovative music to the Doctor Who was written by independent composers, although in the early years some episodes also used the music as well as occasional excerpts from original recordings or cover versions of songs by popular artists such as the Beatles and the beach boys. Since its 2005 return, the series best occasional use of excerpts of pop music from the 1970s to 2000-ies.
Incidental music for the first adventure of Doctor Who, an unearthly child, was written by Norman Kay. Many of the stories of William Hartnell scored the period was written by electronic music pioneer Tristram Cary, who was the doctor who credits include the Daleks, Marco Polo, Dalek master plan, mercenaries and mutants. Other composers in this early period included Richard Rodney Bennett, Carey Blyton and Geoffrey Burgon.
The most common musical contribution during the first 15 years of Dudley Simpson, who is also known for his theme and music for the Blake 7 and his haunting theme music and score for the original version of the 1970-ies of the tomorrow people. Simpsons first doctor who score planet of giants 1964, he continued to write music for many adventures of the 1960s and 1970s years, including most of the stories of John Pertwee / Tom Baker periods, ending with the horns of the nimon in 1979. He also made a cameo in the talons Weng-Chiang in the role of conductor.
In 1980, starting with a series of free hive the task of creating music was assigned to the Radiophonic workshop. Paddy Kingsland and Peter Howell contributed many points in this period and other contributors Roger Limb, Malcolm Clarke and Jonathan Gibbs.
In the Radiophonic workshop was dropped after 1986s the trial of a time Lord series, and keff McCulloch became the series main composer until the end of its run, with Dominic Glynn and mark Ayres also contributing scores.
2005 Renaissance to 2017 Christmas episode "twice upon a time", all the music for the series was written by Murray gold and Ben foster and performed by B. B. C national orchestra of Wales since 2005 Christmas episode "the Christmas invasion" and more. Hosted a concert featuring the orchestra performing music from the first two series on November 19, 2006, to raise money for children in need. David Tennant hosted the event, introducing the different sections of the concert. Murray gold and Russell T Davies answered questions during the break and Daleks and Cybermen appeared whilst music from their stories was played. The concert was broadcast on BBCi on Christmas day 2006. The doctor who prom was celebrated on 27 July 2008 in the Royal albert Hall during the annual bi-Bi-si Proms. Bi-bi-si Philharmonic orchestra and the London Philharmonic choir performed Murray golds compositions for the series, conducted by Ben foster, as well as a selection of classics on the theme of space and time. The event was presented Freema Agyeman, and also presents various other stars of the show with numerous monsters participating in the proceedings. Also featured a specially filmed mini-episode "Music of the Spheres", written by Russell T. Davies starring David Tennant.
June 26, 2018, producer Chris Chibnall announced that the soundtrack for the eleventh series will be presented to the Royal Birmingham Conservatoire Segun Akinola.
Six soundtrack releases have been released since 2005. The first selected tracks from the first two series, the second and third contained the music from the third and fourth series respectively. The fourth was released on 4 October 2010 in the form of two disc special edition and contained music from the 2008-2010 specials the next doctor "the End of time part 2". The soundtrack for series 5 was released on 8 November 2010. In February 2011, a soundtrack was released in the 2010 Christmas special: "a Christmas Carol", and in December 2011 the soundtrack for series 6 was released as Silva screen recording.
In 2013, the 50th anniversary box set CD was released with music and sound effects from Doctor Whos 50-year history. The celebration continued in 2016 with the release of Doctor Who: the 50th anniversary collection Four LP box set in new York Spacelab9. The company pressed 1.000 copies on "metallic silver" vinyl under the name "Cyberman edition".
6.1. Audience. United Kingdom. (Соединенное Королевство)
The Prime Minister the day after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the first episode of Doctor who was repeated with the second episode next week. Doctor who has always appeared initially on the main control system bbcs bi-Bi-si single channel, where it is regarded as a family show, attracting millions of viewers, the episodes were also repeated on bi-Bi-si three, to its transition to Internet-only channel. The popularity of the programs increased, then decreased over the decades, with three notable periods of high ratings. The first one was "profile dalekmania" period, around 1964-1965, when the popularity of the Daleks regularly brought Doctor Who ratings of between 9 and 14 million, even for stories that dont have them. The second was from the mid to late 1970s, when Tom Baker occasionally drew audiences of 12 million.
Audience survey in the 1970s showed that at that time 60% of the audience were adults.
During network ITV strike of 1979, the audience had reached 16 million. Figures remained respectable into the 1980s, but decreased significantly after the program of the 23rd series was postponed in 1985 and the show was off the air for 18 months. During the season 19S broadcasting in 1982 show, watched by a global audience of 98 million, $ 88 million in 38 foreign countries, and an average of ten million in the United Kingdom.
His performance at the end of 1980-ies from three to five million viewers was seen as poor at the time and was, according to the Council bi-Bi-si under control, one of the leading reasons for the programs suspension 1989. Some fans think this is hypocrisy because the program was scheduled against the soap Opera "Coronation Street", the most popular show at the time. To the Internet to run a third notable period of high ratings, the series had consistently high audience, with Christmas specials, regularly attracts more than 10 million.
Bi-bi-si one broadcast of "rose", the first episode of the 2005 revival, amounted to an average audience of 10.81 million, Third highest for BBC one that week and seventh across all channels. The current Revival also has the highest appreciation of the audience for any drama on TV.
6.2. Audience. International. (Международная)
The doctor that was shown at the international level outside the United Kingdom in 1964, a year after the show first aired. As of January 1, 2013, the modern series has been or is currently broadcast weekly in more than 50 countries.
Doctor who is one of the five top-grossing games for the BBC worldwide, control system bbcs commercial arm. General Director bi-Bi-si worldwide John Smith has said that doctor who is one of a small number of "Superbrands" which worldwide will greatly contribute.
Only four episodes never had their premiere showings on channels other than the bi-Bi-si one. In the 1983 20th anniversary special the five doctors had its debut on November 23, the actual date of the anniversary on a number of PBS stations two days before his bi-Bi-si one transfer. In the 1988 story Silver Nemesis was broadcast with all three episodes airing on tvnz in New Zealand in November, after the first episode was shown in the UK, but before the two final parts of the broadcast are. Finally, the 1996 television film was held on 12 may 1996 on CITV in Edmonton, Canada, 15 days before the bi-Bi-si one and two days before it aired on Fox in the United States.
6.3. Audience. Oceania. (Океания)
New Zealand became the first country outside of the United Kingdom of Doctor Who, starting in September 1964, and continued to screen the series for many years, including the new series since 2005. In 2018, the series aired on Fridays on tvnz 2, and tvnz on demand on the same episode as the UK.
In Australia, the show has a lot of fans since its inception, being exclusively first run by the Australian broadcasting Corporation ABC in January 1965. Watch Doctor Who Australias ABC has periodically repeated episodes, to celebrate the weekly screenings of all available classic episodes starting in 2003, on the 40th anniversary, and weekdaily shows all available animated episodes in 2013 on the 50th anniversary. The ABC broadcasts the modern series first run on category АВС1 and ABC I, with repeats on ABC2. ABC also provided partial funding for the 20th anniversary special the five doctors in 1983.
6.4. Audience. America. (Америка)
The series also has fans in the US, where it was shown in syndication from the 1970s to the 1990s, particularly on PBS.
TVOntario picked up the show in 1976 beginning with the three doctors and aired each series with a delay of several years up to series 24 in 1991. From 1979 to 1981, TVO airings were bookended by science fiction writer Judith Merril, who introduced this episode, and then, after the episode concluded, I tried to place it in an educational context in accordance with the status of TVOs as an educational channel. Airing his talons Weng-Chiang was cancelled as a result of accusations that the story was racist, the story was later aired in the 1990s on cable station YTV. CBC began showing the series in 2005. The series moved to the canadian cable channel space in 2009.
For the canadian broadcast, Christopher Eccleston recorded special video introduction for each episode, including on trivial question within the view of the competition and excerpts from the Doctor Who confidential documentary were played over the closing credits, to broadcast "the Christmas invasion" on 26 December 2005, Billie Piper recorded a special video introduction. CBC began airing series Two on 9 October 2006 at 20:00 e / p 20:30 in Newfoundland and Labrador, soon after days CFL double header on Thanksgiving in most parts of the country.
Series three began broadcasting on CBC on 18 June 2007 in the second Christmas special, "the Runaway bride" at midnight, and the sci fi channel began on 6 July 2007 starting with the second Christmas special the 8:00 PM e / p followed by first episode.
Four series have aired in USA on SCI FI channel now known how to participate, starting from April 2008. It aired on CBC on 19 September 2008, although the blood does not Air the voyage of the damned special. Canadian cable network now known as CTV sci-Fi channel broadcast "the next doctor" in March 2009 and all subsequent series and events.
6.5. Audience. Asia. (Азии)
Series 1 to 3 of doctor who was broadcast on different channels NHK 2006 and 2008 with Japanese subtitles. Since 2 August 2009, after the launch of Disney xD In Japan the series was broadcast with Japanese dub.
6.6. Audience. Home media. (Домашний медиа)
A wide selection of serials are available from video Bi-bi-si, on DVD, on sale in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States. Every fully extant serial has been released on VHS, and the BBC worldwide continues to regularly release the series on DVD. In a series of 2005 is also available in its entirety on UMD for the PlayStation portable. Eight original episodes of the series was released on laser disc and many of them were also released on Betamax tapes, and video 2000. One episode of Doctor Who the infinite quest was released in VCD format. Only series since 2005, is also available on Blu-ray and, except for the 1970 story spearhead from space, released in July 2013 and the 1996 TV movie the Doctor, which will be released in September 2016. Many early releases were reissued as a special edition with more bonus features.
7.1. Adaptations and other appearances. Doctor Who movies. (Доктор Кто фильмы)
There are two doctor who feature films: Dr. Who and the Daleks, released in 1965 and Daleks invasion Earth 2150 A. D. In 1966. Both are retellings of existing television stories with a larger budget and alterations to the series concept.
In these films, Peter Cushing plays a human scientist named "Doctor Who", who travels with his granddaughter and niece and other companions in a time machine he invented. In the Cushing version of the character appears in both the comics and the short story, the latter attempting to reconcile the film continuity with that series.
In addition, several planned films were proposed including a sequel, the chase, loosely based on the original series Story, for the Cushing Doctor, plus many attempted television and big screen productions to revive the series "Doctor Who" after the original series was cancelled.
Paul mcgann starred in the only television film as the eighth incarnation of the doctor. After the movie, he continued the role in audio books and was recognized as the eighth incarnation through flashback footage and a mini episode in the 2005 revival, effectively linking the two series and the television movie.
In 2011, David Yates announced that he had begun work with bi-Bi-si Doctor Who film, a project that will take three years or more. Yates indicated that the film will go to the doctor, who, despite the fact that doctor who showrunner Steven Moffat stated later that any such film would not be a reboot of the series and the movie needs to be made by the BBC Team and Star the current TV doctor.
7.2. Adaptations and other appearances. Spin-off. (Спин-офф)
Doctor Who has appeared on stage numerous times. In the early 1970-ies, Trevor Martin played the role in Doctor Who and the Daleks in Seven Keys to doomsday. In the late 1980-ies John Pertwee and Colin Baker the two doctors at different times during the startup of the game called "Doctor Who" – an extreme adventure. For two performances, while Pertwee was ill, David banks Cybermen is a better actress played the doctor. Other original plays have been staged in Amateur theatricals, and with me playing the doctor, while Terry nation wrote the curse of the Daleks, the show is set in the late 1960-ies, but without the doctor.
The pilot episode "girls best friend" for a potential spin-off series K-9 and company, was aired in 1981 with Elisabeth enjoy repeating her role as companion Sarah Jane Smith and John Leeson as the voice of K9, but not picked up as regular series.
Concept art for an animated Doctor Who series was filmed at the animation company Nelvana in the 1980s years, but the series was never produced.
After the success of the 2005 production, Russell T Davies, bi-Bi-si Davis commissioned a 13-part spin-off series called "Torchwood" an anagram of "Doctor Who" set in modern-day Cardiff and investigating alien activities and crime. The series debuted on BBC three on 22 October 2006. John Barrowman reprised his role of Jack Harkness from the 2005 series of Doctor Who. Two other Actresses who appeared in Doctor Who also star in the series, Eve Myles, Gwen Cooper, who also played in the same servant girl Gwyneth in the 2005 Doctor Who episode "the unquiet dead", and Naoko Mori who reprised her role as Toshiko Sato first seen in "aliens in London". The second series of Torchwood aired in 2008, for three episodes, the cast was joined by Freema Agyeman repeating her doctor who role of Martha Jones. The third series aired from 6 to 10 July 2009, and consisted of a single five-part story called Children of Earth, which were installed mostly in London. The fourth series, Torchwood: miracle day, produced jointly by BBC Wales BBC worldwide and the American entertainment company Starz debuted in 2011. This series was mostly set in the US, although in Wales remained part of the parameter displays.
Sarah Jane adventures, starring Elisabeth worked out, who reprised her role as Investigative journalist Sarah Jane Smith, released by BP, a special aired on New Year 2007, and began the complete series 24 September 2007. The second series in 2008, differed, as noted above, with the return of Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart. Third in 2009 showed the appearance of a crossover from the main show by David Tennant the tenth doctor. In 2010, another species is represented by Matt Smith the Eleventh Doctor with former companion actress Katy manning, the sequel to its role as Jo Grant. Final, three-story fifth series was presented in autumn 2011 – uncompleted due to the death of Elizabeth will be arranged in early 2011.
Animated series the infinite quest, aired in parallel with the 2007 series of Doctor Who, as part of the childrens television series totally Doctor Who. The serial featured the voices of series regulars David Tennant and Freema Agyeman, but is not considered part of a series 2007. The second animated series, Dreamland, which came out in six parts button on the service bi-Bi-si is red, and the official Doctor Who website in 2009.
A class where the students from coal hill school was first shown on BBC-BBC three on 22 October 2016 in the form of a series of eight 45-minute episodes, written by Patrick ness. Peter Capaldi the Twelfth Doctor appears in the shows first episode. The series was picked up by bi-Bi-si America January 8, 2016, and bi-Bi-si one day later. On 7 September 2017 BBC three controller Damian Kavanagh confirmed that the series was officially canceled.
Many other spin-off series was not created for the BBC, and the owners of the characters and concepts. Such spin-offs include the novel and audio drama series faction paradox, iris Waldheim and Bernice SUMMERFIELD, as well as for video series P. R. O. B. E., the Australian production of the TV series K-9, which was shown to the 26-episode first season of the series on Disney XD, and the audio spin-off counter measures.
7.3. Adaptations and other appearances. Aftershows
When the revived series of "Doctor Who" is back, series after-party was created by Bi-bi-si, called Doctor Who confidential. Was created three series of aftershow, with the latest titled Doctor Who: fan of the show, which began with the broadcast of the tenth series. Each series follows the behind-the-scenes footage from Doctor Who through clips and interviews with actors, film crew and other people, including those who participated in the TV series or otherwise. Each episode focuses on a particular topic, and in most cases refers to the Doctor Who episode that preceded it.
7.4. Adaptations and other appearances. Charity episodes. (Благотворительный эпизодов)
In 1983, coinciding with the series 20th anniversary the five doctors was shown as part of the annual children bi-Bi-si in need of treatment, however, it was not a charitable organization of production, just in the line-up Friday 25 November 1983. It was the first programs together with the Australian broadcaster ABC. In three of the first five doctors, a new actor replacing the deceased William Hartnell, and Tom Baker represent unused footage. It was a full-length, 90-minute film, The longest single episode of Doctor Who today released the television movie a little more, ran on broadcast where it included commercial breaks.
In 1993, the 30th anniversary of the franchise, another charity special, titled dimensions in time was produced for children in need, featuring all of the surviving actors who played the doctor, a number of previous companions. It also features a crossover with the soap Opera "Estendere", the action takes place in the past albert square and around Greenwich. The special was one of several special 3D programmes bi-Bi-si produced at the time using a 3D system that uses the Pulfrich effect requiring glasses with tinted lens, the picture will look normal to those viewers who watched without the glasses.
In 1999, another special, Doctor Who and the curse of fatal death was made for "Comic relief" and later released on VHS. Affectionate parody of the television series, it was divided into four segments, mimicking the traditional serial format, with climax, and ran through the corridors several times when being chased by the version released on video was split into two episodes. In the story, the Doctor Rowan Atkinson meetings and the master Jonathan Pryce the Daleks. During the special the doctor is forced to regenerate several times, with his subsequent incarnations played by, in order, Richard E. Grant, Jim Broadbent, Hugh Grant and Joanna Lumley. The script was written by Steven Moffat, later to be head writer and Executive producer of the revived series.
After the return of Doctor Who in 2005, the company has produced two original "mini-episodes" to assist children in need. The first, aired in November 2005, was an untitled seven-minute scene which introduced David Tennants tenth doctor. It was followed in November 2007, the "crash time", a 7-minute scene which showed the tenth doctor meeting the Fifth Doctor Peter Davison.
Set of two mini-episodes titled "Space" and "time" respectively, were produced to support comic relief. They were announced during the event, comic 2011.
In 2011, children in need, only filmed segment showed the doctor addressing the viewer, attempting to persuade them to buy items of his clothing, which went up for auction for children in need. In the 2012 edition of CIN showed the mini-series the Great Detective.
7.5. Adaptations and other appearances. Parodies and allusions. (Пародии и аллюзии)
Doctor who has been satirised repeatedly and fake comedians including spike Milligan and lenny Henry. John Kelso frequently impersonates the fourth doctor in the BBC series dead ringers. Doctor Who fandom is gaining on such programs as Saturday night live, his pursuers war on everything, mystery science theater 3000, family Guy, American dad, Futurama, South Park, community as inspector spacetime, the Simpsons and the Big Bang Theory. In celebration of the 50th anniversary programmes, former Fifth Doctor Peter Davison directed, wrote and starred in a parody of the Fiveish doctors Reboot, which also starred two other former doctors, Colin Baker and Sylvester McCoy, and a cameo role from the cast and crew participating in the program, including showrunner Steven Moffat and the doctors, Paul mcgann, David Tennant and Matt Smith.
The doctor in his fourth incarnation has been represented on several episodes of "the Simpsons" Matt Groenings other animated series Futurama.
There are also many references to Doctor Who in popular culture and other science fiction, including Star trek: the Next generation "the neutral zone" and the levers. In the channel 4 series Queer as folk, created later, the doctor who Executive producer Russell T. Davies, the character of Vince was portrayed as an avid doctor who fan, with references appearing many times throughout in the form of clips from the program. Similarly, the character of Oliver on coupling is created and written to the current show runner Steven Moffat is portrayed as a doctor, collector and enthusiast. References to doctor who have also appeared in young fantasy novels for adults Brisingr and high magic, video games, rock band, adult swim Comedy show robot Chicken, family Guy episodes "Blue harvest" and "420", and the game, Runescape. He also refers to destroy all humans! 2, civilians in the game variations of England, and several times throughout the series ACE Attorney.
Doctor who is a reference in several political cartoons, from a 1964 cartoon in the "daily mail" with a picture of Charles de Gaulle as a Dalek to a 2008 this modern world, Tom Tomorrow in which the tenth doctor informs an incredulous character from 2003 that the Democratic party will nominate an African American as its presidential candidate.
The word "TARDIS" is an entry in the shorter Oxford English dictionary and the iOS dictionary.
7.6. Adaptations and other appearances. Museums and exhibitions. (Музеи и выставки)
There have been various exhibitions of Doctor Who in the United Kingdom, including the now closed exhibitions:
- Lands End In Cornwall.
- Cardiff-the city where the series is filmed.
- The centre for life, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
- Kelvingrove Museum, Glasgow. (Музей Келвингроув, Глазго)
- Melbourne, Australias only international DW concert to be performed.
- Longleat, which lasted 30 years.
- Llangollen. (Лланголлен)
- Blackpool. (Блэкпул)
- Kensington Olympia Two, London.
- The Transport Museum In Coventry.
The exhibition closed on September 9, 2017
7.7. Adaptations and other appearances. Product. (Продукт)
Since its beginnings, doctor who has generated hundreds of products related to the show, from toys and games to collectible cards and postage stamps. These include table games, card games, books, games, computer games, role playing games, action figures and a pinball game. Many games have been released that feature the Daleks, including Dalek computer games.
7.8. Adaptations and other appearances. Audio. (Аудио)
The earliest Doctor Who-related audio release was a 21-minute narrated summary of the First Doctor TV story the chase released in 1966. Ten years later, the first real Doctor Who audio was released on LP record doctor Who and the Pescatons with the fourth doctor. The first commercially available Audiobook was abridged the value of the fourth doctor Story state of decay in 1981. In 1988, during a break in the television show, Slipback, the first radio drama was transmitted.
Since 1999, Big finish productions has released several different series of Doctor Who audio CD. The earliest of the fifth, sixth and seventh doctors, with eight Paul McGanns doctor its beginning in 2001. Tom bakers Fourth Doctor began to appear on the big finish in 2012. Along with the main range adventure the first, second and third doctors were produced in limited cast and full cast formats as well as audiobooks. In 2013, the series destiny of the doctor, produced in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the series, first Grand final, came up in this case audiobooks, with the participation of the doctors from the revived show. Along with this, in may 2016, the tenth doctor, David Tennant, appeared alongside Catherine Tate in the collection are three audio adventures.
In addition to these main lines as Bi-bi-si and big finish produced audio dramas and audiobooks based on the spin-off material, such as "Torchwood" and the TV series the adventures of Sarah Jane.
7.9. Adaptations and other appearances. Books. (Книги)
Doctor Who books have been published since the mid-sixties to the present day. From 1965 to 1991 the books published were primarily novelised adaptations of broadcast episodes, beginning in 1991 an extensive range of original fiction was launched, the virgin New adventures and virgin missing adventures. Since the resumption of the program in 2005, a new series of novels was published book Bi-bi-si. Numerous non-fiction books about the series, including guidebooks and critical studies, were also published, and a dedicated doctor who magazine in Newsstand circulation has been published regularly since 1979. Its published by Panini, as a physician, the magazine of adventure for young fans.
- List of Doctor Who novelisations.
- A New Series Of Adventures.
- Doctor Adventures. (Доктор Приключения)
- Eighth Doctor Adventures. (Восьмой Доктор Приключения)
- List of Doctor Who anthologies 2009–present.
7.10. Adaptations and other appearances. Video games. (Видео игры)
Many Doctor Who video games have been created since the mid-80s to the present day. One of the latest match-3 game, released in November 2013 for iOS, Android, Amazon and Facebook called Doctor Who: legacy. It is continuously updated since the release, and features all the doctors in as playable characters and over 100 associates.
Another video game party LEGO dimensions in which doctor who is one of the many "levels" in the game. At the moment the package contains the Twelfth Doctor, who can transform into the other, K9, the TARDIS and a Victorian London adventure level. Game and decks, released in November 2015.
Another recent game called the doctor who infinity, which was released on Steam on August 7, 2018. He was nominated for "best start-up" in the Independent Association of Game Developers 2018.
8. Chronology and canonicity. (Хронология и каноничность)
After creating the character Dr. Who on BBC television in the early 1960-ies, many stories were published about Doctor Who, in different media: in addition to the actual television episodes that continue to be produced for the BBC, was novels, comics, novels, audio books, radio plays, interactive video games books, webcasts, DVD extras, and performances. Bi-bi-si takes no position on the canonicity of any of these stories, and the producers of the show have expressed distaste for the idea of canonicity.
9. Awards. (Награды)
The show has received recognition as one of the best television programs of Britain, winning the 2006 British Academy television awards as Best drama series and five consecutive awards 2005-2010 National television award to Russell T. Davies for the post of Executive producer. In 2011, Matt Smith became the first doctor to be nominated for a BAFTA television award for Best actor in 2016, Michelle Gomez became the first woman to receive a BAFTA nomination for the series, becoming the Best supporting actress nomination for her work as a Missy.
In 2013, the Peabody awards Honored doctor who with an institutional Peabody "for the development of a technology and time like nothing else in the known television universe." The program is listed in the Guinness Book of records as the longest-running science fiction television show in the world, the most successful sci-Fi series of all times and peoples on the basis of their overall broadcast ratings, DVD and book sales, and iTunes traffic - and for the largest ever simultaneous TV drama with its 50th anniversary special. During its initial launch, it has received recognition for the imagery, stories, creative low-budget special effects and pioneering use of electronic music originally produced in the workshop of Bi-bi-si Radio.
In 1975, season 11 of the series won the writers Guild of great Britain award for best screenplay in a childrens series. In 1996, the television bi-Bi-si held the "Auntie awards", and the culmination of their "TV60" series, celebrating 60 years of Bi-bi-si television broadcasting, where doctor who was voted as the "Best drama" Corporation ever produced, ahead of such ratings heavyweights as EastEnders and losses. In 2000, Doctor Who was ranked third in the list of the 100 greatest British television programmes of the 20th century, produced by the British film Institute and industry professionals. In 2005 the series won first place in a poll of the magazine SFX archive "the greatest UK science fiction and fantasy television series ever". In addition, the 100 greatest kids TV shows, channel 4 countdown in 2001, the 1963-1989 run was placed at number eight.
The revived series has received recognition from critics and the public, at various award ceremonies. It won five BAFTA TV awards, including Best drama series, is the most famous and most prestigious British television award for which the series has ever put forward. He was very popular at the BAFTA Cymru not with 25 wins overall, including twice for Best drama series, Best screenplay / writer and three-time Best actor. He was also nominated for 7 awards "Saturn", winning the only best international series in the history of ceremonys. In 2009, doctor who was voted the 3rd greatest show of the 2000s by channel 4, behind Top gear and the apprentice. A series of "Vincent and the doctor" was shortlisted for the mind at the 2010 mind mental health media awards for its "touching" presentation of Vincent van Gogh.
He won the short form Hugo award for best dramatic presentation, the oldest science fiction / fantasy award for films and series six times since 2006. The winning episodes "the empty child" / "the doctor dances" 2006, "girl in the fireplace" 2007, "blink" 2008, "the waters of Mars" 2010, "the Pandorica opens" / "the big Bang" 2011, and "the doctors wife" in 2012. In 2016 the Christmas special "the return of doctor Mysterio" also finalists 2017 Hugo. The star of "Doctor Who" Matt Smith won the award for Best actor National television award for 2012, along with Karen Gillan who won Best actress. Doctor who has been nominated for over 200 awards and has received more than a hundred of them.
In 2004 and 2007, a doctor who was ranked #18 and #22 on TV guides best cult show. In 2013, the guide channel is ranked as the # 6 sci-Fi show.
As a British series, the majority of its nominations and awards at national competitions such as the baftas, but he from time to time received nominations in mainstream American awards, including the category "Favorite sci-Fi series" at the 2008 peoples Choice Awards and the series was nominated several times to shout in his ear awards, Smith wins best science fiction actor in 2011. The canadian Constellation awards have also recognised the series.
10. Opinions of scientists. (Мнения ученых)
- Bradshaw, Simon, Antony keen and Graham sleight EDS. The 2011 Unsilent library: essays on the era of Russell T Davies new Doctor Who. Open access.
- Fisher, R. Michael and Barbara Bickel. "The Mystery Of Dr. Who? On the road less traveled in art education." The journal of social theory in art education 26.1 2006: 28-57.
- Fiske, John. "Popularity and ideology: a structuralist reading of Dr. Who". Translation TV: contemporary research perspectives 1984: 165-198.
- Charles, Alec. 2011. "Crack of death: a strange echo of Steven Moffats Doctor Who". Science fiction film and television, Volume 4, Issue 1, Spring 2011. Liverpool University Press. This analysis is framed specifically the Freudian concept of the country, and says that Moffats work on the doctor, which is opposed to unconscious perception, repressed fears and death itself with the help of storytelling techniques that try to connect directly with the audience by changing the distance between material reality and the fantasy seriess space.
- Charles, Alec. "War without end?: Utopia, the Family, and post-9 / 11 world in Russell T. Davies" Doctor Who". "Science Fiction Studies 2008: 450-465.
- Orfei, A. Lindy "Antirationalist critique or fifth column of scientism? Challenges from doctor who to the mad scientist trope." Public understanding of science 20.4 2011: 525-542.
- Perryman, Neil. Doctor Who and the convergence of media: a case study in transmedia storytelling. Convergence 14.1 2008: 21-39.
- Una McCormack, 2011 he is not the Messiah: undermining political and religious authority in new Doctor Who. In Bradshaw, C. Antony keen and Graham sleight-EDS, the Unsilent library: Essays on the era of Russell t Davies of new Doctor Who. Fond Of Science Fiction.
- Chapman, James. 2013. Inside the TARDIS: the worlds of Doctor Who, revised edition. MB Tauris.
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- Doctor Who Destiny of the Doctors is a PC video game based on the British science fiction television series Doctor Who It was released on 5 December
- The seventh series of the British science fiction television programme Doctor Who aired from 1 September 2012 to 18 May 2013, being split into two parts
- first series of the 2005 revival of the British science fiction programme Doctor Who began on 26 March 2005 with the episode Rose This marked the end of
- The fifth series of the British science - fiction television programme Doctor Who was originally broadcast on BBC One in 2010. The series began on 3 April
- Doctor Who is a British television science fiction series, produced and screened by the BBC on the BBC TV channel from 1963 to 1964, and on BBC1 later
- The third series of British science fiction programme Doctor Who was preceded by the 2006 Christmas special The Runaway Bride Following the special
- Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963. Hundreds of novelisations of the series have been published
- Top Trumps: Doctor Who is a video game for the Nintendo DS, Nintendo Wii, Windows and PlayStation 2 consoles, based on the Top Trumps card game. It was
- The ninth series of the British science fiction television programme Doctor Who premiered on 19 September 2015 with The Magician s Apprentice and concluded
- Doctor Who The Commentaries is a radio documentary series focusing on the long - running British television series Doctor Who Doctor Who The Commentaries
- Doctor Who Confidential is a documentary series created by the British Broadcasting Corporation BBC to complement the revival of the long - running British
- Doctor Who The Ultimate Adventure was a 1989 stage play written by Terrance Dicks, based on the long - running British science fiction television series
- 2008 2010 specials of the British science fiction television programme Doctor Who are five specials that linked the programme s fourth and fifth series
- are two mini - episodes of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who They were broadcast on 18 March 2011 as part of BBC One s Red Nose Day
- This is a list of actors who have appeared in the long - running British science fiction television series, Doctor Who For other related lists see below
- The second series of British science fiction programme Doctor Who began on 25 December 2005 with the Christmas special The Christmas Invasion Following
- The Doctor Who theme music is a piece of music written by Australian composer Ron Grainer and realised by Delia Derbyshire at the BBC Radiophonic Workshop
- the twelfth series of the British science fiction television programme Doctor Who first broadcast on BBC One on 1 January 2020, and concluded on 5 January
- science fiction television series Doctor Who has developed a very large, loyal and devoted fan base over the years. Doctor Who fans are sometimes referred to