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★ Chateau de Blois - castle ..

Chateau de Blois

★ Chateau de Blois

The Royal castle of Blois is located in the centre of Blois on the Loire and the cher Department in the Loire Valley, in France. The residence of several French kings, it is also the place where Joan of Arc in 1429 went to the blessing of the Archbishop of Reims before leaving with her army to drive the English from Orleans.

The castle of Blois effectively manage Blois and includes several buildings. The construction of these buildings began in the 13th century and ended in the 17th century. There are four architectural styles represented in the castle of Blois, which includes: 13th century medieval fortress, the Gothic Louis XII wing, the françois I Renaissance wing, and the Gaston dorléans classic wing. It has 564 rooms and 75 staircases although only 23 were used frequently. There are 100 bedrooms, with fireplace in each.


1.1. History. The Counts Of Blois. (Графов Блуа)

In 854 Blois castle, known as castrum Blisum, was attacked by the Vikings. In the 10th and 11th centuries. The counts of Blois and landowners from Chartres and champagne have teamed up to rebuild the fortress. Thibault Le tricheur fever raised" big tower” and the end of the 12th century, the contribution of the account was completed Saitn-Sauvuer.

In the "Salle des Etats Generaux", built in the early 13th century, is one of the oldest seignoral rooms preserved in France, and is also the largest remaining civilian Gothic room. The room was used as a court of the counts of Blois and was used in 1576 and 1588 for the "United States Generaux".


1.2. History. Louis XII. (Людовик XII)

The medieval castle was purchased in 1391 of Louis I, Duke of Orleans, brother of Charles VI, after the assassination of Louis, his widow, Valentina Visconti, retired to this castle at Blois. It was later inherited by their son, Charles South of poet who was captured at Agincourt in England. After twenty-five years as a hostage in England, in the South, Charles has returned to his beloved Blois, and partly helped rebuilt the castle into a larger home. It became a favourite Royal residence and the political capital of the Kingdom under Charless son, king Louis XII.

In the early 16th century, king Louis XII started the reconstruction of the main building and the creation of an Italian garden in terraced flower beds, where to place Victor Hugo stands today.

This wing, of red brick and grey stone, forms the main entrance to the castle, and the statue of the mounted king above the entrance. Although the style is mainly Gothic, as the profiles of mouldings, the lobed arches and tops to confirm, present architectural elements, such as a small chandelier.


1.3. History. Francois I. (Франсуа)

When Francis I took power in 1515, his wife Queen Claude had him refurbish Blois with the intention of moving out of the castle dAmboise in Blois. Francis initiated the construction of a new wing and created one of the most important libraries in the castle. After the death of his wife in 1524, he spent very little time at Blois and the massive library was moved to the Royal castle of Fontainebleau. It is this library that the establishment of a Royal library, and the backbone of Paris, France.

In this wing, the architecture and ornamentation are marked by Italian influence. In the centre is the monumental spiral staircase, covered with fine bas-reliefs and looking at the Central court of the locks. For this wing of the facade of the loggia, characterized by a series of disconnected niches.


1.4. History. Henry III. (Генрих III)

Driven from Paris during the French wars of religion, king Henry III lived at Blois and held the common property of the Convention there in 1576 and 1588. In December 1588 the Convention, the king had his arch-enemy, Henry I, Duke of guise murdered. The next day, the Dukes brother, Louis II, cardinal of guise was also killed.


1.5. History. Henry IV. (Генрих IV)

After that, the castle was captured by Henry IV, the First Bourbon monarch. On Henrys death in 1610, it became a place of exile for his widow, Marie de Medici, when she was driven from her sons to the court of Louis XIII.


1.6. History. South Gaston. (Южная Гастон)

In 1626, king Louis XIII gave the castle of Blois to his brother and heir, Gaston of France, Duke of Orleans as a wedding gift. In 1634, Gaston set about creating an entirely new castle in Blois. The task of developing this new castle was given to françois Mansart. At the back of the yard, where Mansart began this ambitious project of the building with the main dwelling house. This house was the first building in the ambitious reconstruction project. The project was stopped in 1638, when Gastons nephew was born, the future Louis XIV. Under Louis XIV the birth Gaston was not the heir and has no right to funding.

This wing to the rear wall of the courtyard, directly opposite the Louis XII wing. The Central section consists of three horizontal layers, where the superposition of Doric, ionic and Corinthian can be seen.

The time of the French revolution, the great castle was abandoned for more than a hundred thirty years. The contents, many of its statues, Royal emblems and coats of arms of the Palace was removed. In a state of near-complete disrepair, the castle of Blois was scheduled for demolition but given a reprieve in the military barracks.


1.7. History. Preservation as a monument. (Сохранение в качестве памятника)

In 1840, the initiative of Prosper mérimée placed the castle of Blois in the list of historical monuments. It allowed public funds to be used safely. It was restored under the supervision of architect Felix Dyuba. The castle is currently used as a public Museum. On view for visitors to the supposed poison cabinets of Catherine de Medici. Most likely this room, "secret room", had a much more banal purpose: exhibiting precious objects for guests.

Today the castle is owned by the city of Blois and is a tourist attraction.

  • 2020. Blois Loire Valley France www.experienceloire.com. Retrieved 5 August 2017. The Chateau de Blois St Nicholas Cathedral, Blois from the
  • under the architect Jules Potier de la Morandiere of Blois who was later inspector of the works at the chateau de Blois M. d Aramon installed a museum
  • largest chateau in the Loire Valley it was built to serve as a hunting lodge for Francis I, who maintained his royal residences at the Chateau de Blois and
  • the 19th century. Modeled on the towers of the Louis XII wing of the Chateau de Blois it shares their most notable characteristic: lattices of red and black
  • County of Blois was originally centred on Blois south of Paris, France. One of the chief cities, along with Blois itself, was Chartres. Blois was associated
  • known, the earliest being Chateau de Doue - la - Fontaine built by the Count of Blois around 900. The counts of Anjou and Blois had bordering territories
  • The Chateau de Cheverny pronounced Shuh - vair - nee is located at Cheverny, in the departement of Loir - et - Cher in the Loire Valley in France. It is one
  • view to demolition, together with the Chateau de la Muette, the Chateau de Vincennes and the Chateau de Blois The building was in ruins before the French
  • Charles de Blois - Chatillon Charles de Blois - Chatillon, was taken prisoner after the battle of Roche Derrien in 1347 Chateau de Blois Counts of Blois Dukes

  • Jean Dieu de Saint - Jean was a French painter 1654 1695 son of Jean Dieu 1625 c. 1638 Musee du chateau de Blois Portrait du musicien Marin Marais
  • style of the chateau under its high pitched slate roofs bears some comparison to the central Loire estates of Chateau de Blois and Chateau de Chambord
  • The Chateau de Saumur, originally built as a castle and later developed as a chateau is located in the French town of Saumur, in the Maine - et - Loire departement
  • their peak in the gardens of the royal Chateau de Fontainebleau, Chateau d Amboise, Chateau de Blois and Chateau de Chenonceau. French Renaissance gardens
  • II, Cardinal of Guise 6 July 1555, Dampierre 24 December 1588, Chateau de Blois was the third son of Francis, Duke of Guise, and Anna d Este. He
  • La Maison de la Magie Robert - Houdin French for The Robert - Houdin House of Magic is a museum which faces the Royal Chateau de Blois It is located in
  • de la Societe. p. 64.. Jaques Bougier Boyer de Blois Structurae. Retrieved 8 April 2018.. Pierre Lesueur 1926 Notes sur le chateau de Blois au
  • X for Claude de France, who died at the Chateau de Blois in 1524. Jean Monier s son Pierre also became a painter. Monier died at Blois in 1656. La magnificence
  • de Rochebrune 1824 - 1900 was a French painter, sculptor and etcher. He did 492 etchings, including etchings of the Chateau de Blois the Chateau de Chambord
  • for the reconstruction of the chateau de Blois The unknown architect, who had already drafted the plans of the chateau de Berny, a remodeled dwelling for
  • following: Chateau de Blois Chateau de Chaumont Chateau de Chambord Chateau de Cheverny Blois Vendome Chateau de Chambord Interior of the Chateau de Chaumont
  • Theobald III of Blois French: Thibaut 1012 1089 was count of Blois Meaux and Troyes. He was son of Odo II, Count of Blois and Ermengarde of Auvergne
  • name of his barony of Alluyes. On Rue Saint - Honore near Blois Cathedral and the Chateau de Blois it is now significantly smaller than it was originally
  • The Chateau de Chateaudun is a castle located in the town of Chateaudun in the French departement of Eure - et - Loir. The castle was built between the 12th
  • The Chateau de Talcy is a historical building in Talcy, Loir - et - Cher, France. It lies to the north of the Loire River, in the Loire Valley, known for its
  • Chateau de Chinon is a castle located on the bank of the Vienne river in Chinon, France. It was founded by Theobald I, Count of Blois In the 11th century
  • in the park provide amusement for touristes. Elevation of Chateau de Valençay 2 Rue De Blois 36600 Valençay with altitude and height elevationmap.net
  • The Chateau de Bagnolet was a chateau situated in the Paris suburb of Bagnolet, France, 5.2 km from the center of the capital. The property was part of
  • The Chateau de Bauge is a castle, extensively altered and restored to create a chateau in the commune of Bauge - en - Anjou in the Maine - et - Loire departement

  • France portal Gervais de Chateau - du - Loir 1007 1067 was a French nobleman, bishop, and a powerful figure of his time in Northern France. He was Bishop
  • The Chateau de Lavardin is a ruined castle in the village and commune of Lavardin in the Loir - et - Cher departement of France. The property of the commune

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