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★ Chateau dAngers - castle ..

Chateau d'Angers
                                     

★ Chateau dAngers

Danger château is a castle in Angers in the Loire Valley, in the Department of Maine et Loire in France. Founded in the 9th century by the counts of Anjou, it was expanded to its current size in the 13th century. It is situated on the river Maine. It is a historical monument since 1875. Now open to the public, the danger of château-the house of the tapestry of the Apocalypse.

                                     

1. History. (История)

Initially, the dangers of the castle was built as a fortress in the place inhabited by the Romans because of its strategic defensive location.

In the 9th century, the Bishop of Angers gave the counts of Anjou permission to build a castle in Angers. The construction of the first castle began under Count Fulk III 970-1040, famous for his construction of dozens of castles that were built to protect Anjou from the Normans. He became part of the Angevin Empire of Plantagenet kings of England in the 12th century. In 1204, the region was conquered by Philip II and a new castle was built during the minority of his grandson, Louis IX "Saint Louis" at the beginning of the 13th century. Louis IX had the castle rebuilt in white stone and black slate, with 17 round towers. The construction undertaken in 1234 cost 4.422 livres, roughly one per cent of the estimated Royal revenue at the time. Louis gave the castle to his brother, Charles, in 1246.

In 1352, king John II Le Bon, gave the castle to his second son, Louis who later became count of Anjou. Married the daughter of the wealthy Duke of Brittany, Louis castle modified, and in 1373 commissioned the famous Apocalypse tapestry from the painter Hennequin de Bruges and the Parisian tapestry-weaver Nicolas Bataille. Louis II, Louis-son and Yolanda daragon added 1405-12 chapel and the Royal apartments in the complex. The chapel is the chapel of Sainte-Chapelle, the name of the Church, which enshrined relics of the passion. The relic at Angers was a splinter of the fragment of the True cross, which was purchased by Louis IX.

In the early 15th century, the hapless Dauphin who, with the assistance of Joan of Arc would become king Charles VII, was forced to flee Paris and was given sanctuary at the château dangers.

In 1562 G. Catherine de Medici had the castle, which was rebuilt as a powerful fortress, but, her son, Henry III, reduced the height of the tower and the towers and walls are devoid of protrusions, Henry III used the castle stones to build streets and develop the village of Angers. However, under the threat of attacks from the Huguenots, the king retained the castles defensive capabilities, making it a military Outpost and by installing artillery on the upper terraces. In the late 18th century as a military garrison, it showed its worth when its thick walls withstood a massive bombardment by cannons from the Vendean army. Unable to do anything else, the invaders simply gave up.

The military Academy was established in the castle for the training of young officers in the strategies of war. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, famous for participating in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at the battle of Waterloo was trained at the Military Academy of Angers. The Academy was moved to Saumur and the castle was used for the rest of the 19th century as a prison, the powder magazine, and barracks.

                                     

2. Modern. (Современные)

The fortress continued to be used as a weapons depot through the First and Second World wars. It was severely damaged during the Second world war by the Nazis when an ammunition storage inside the castle exploded.

10 January 2009, the castle suffered greatly from an accidental fire due to short circuit. The Royal Logis, which contains old tomes and administrative offices, were the most heavily damaged part of the castle, resulting in 400 square metres of 4.300 sqm, the roof completely burned. Tapestries of the Apocalypse were not damaged. The total damage is estimated at 2 million euros. According to Christine Albanel, the culture Minister, the expected completion date for the restoration of the second quarter of 2009.

Today owned by the city of Angers, the massive, austere, the castle was converted into a Museum housing the oldest and largest collection of medieval tapestries in the world, with the 14th century "Apocalypse tapestry" as one of its priceless treasures. As a tribute to his persistence, the castle was never taken, neither the occupying forces in history.

                                     

3. Layout. (Макет)

The outer wall thickness of 3 meters 9.8 ft, a length of about 660 m 2.170 m and is protected by seventeen massive towers. Each of the towers of the perimeter 18 m 59 feet in diameter. The castle covers an area of 20.000 square meters 220.000 square feet. Two pairs of towers of the city and sea entrances to the castle. Each of the towers was once 40 metres 130 feet in height, but they were later cut down for the use of artillery. The tour du Moulin is the only tower that preserves the original height.

                                     
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  • February 2016 Philippe Meaille Revue aller - retour de l artotheque d Angers in French 76 p.83. ISSN 2418 - 2311. Stephanie Cristello September 2016
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  • The Chateau de Crestet is a castle in the commune of Crestet in the Vaucluse departement of France. Construction began between 840 and 850. It was a summer

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