★ Cinema of Indonesia
Cinema of Indonesia has a long history Dating back to 1900. Until the 1920-ies, cinema in Indonesia refers only to the Europeans, with the tacit documentaries and feature films imported from France and America. Documentaries about nature and life of Indonesia, sponsored by the government of the Netherlands East Indies was made by the Dutch or Europeans. Domestic production of documentaries had begun in 1911. During this time, there was a movie called Onze Oost or Timur Milik kita. However, the first domestic film in the Dutch East Indies was in 1926: Loetoeng Kasaroeng, a silent film that was an adaptation of the Sundanese legend in 1926, there was a cinema named the Eastern and the elite in Bandung. The first cinema in Jakarta-El-Hamra, which was opened in 1931.Although at present the cinema is the fastest growing sub-sector of creative economy of Indonesia, he went through a long struggling period.The number of moviegoers in the country, there were more than 42 million in 2017. The Indonesian film industry produces more than 100 titles each year.Starting in 2018, there are about 1700 screens in Indonesia, which is expected to reach 3.000 by 2020. 21 Cineplex, CGV cinema and Cinemax currently dominate the cinema industry in Indonesia.
1.1. History. The colonial era. (В колониальную эпоху)
The first screening of films in the Dutch East Indies was in 1900, and over the next twenty years foreign production – mainly from the United States were imported and shown throughout the country. Domestic production of documentaries had begun in 1911, but was unable to compete with imported works. By 1923 a local feature film production was headed by middle East film co. it was announced, but the work was not completed.
The first domestic film in India in 1926: Loetoeng Kasaroeng, a silent film directed by Dutch L. Heuveldorp. This adaptation of the legend Sudanese were from the local actors of the NV Java film company in Bandung and premiered on December 31, 1926 at the elite and majestic theatres in Bandung. Next year, G. Krugers, who served as a technician and operator in Loetoeng Kasaroeng – released his directorial debut the second film in India, ESIS Atjih. Thanks Loetoeng Kasaroeng limited edition with Kruger was able to advertise the film as the colonys first. A year later, the second novel was adapted to film in Indonesia, Setangan Berloemoer Darah, was made of Boen Soan tan.
Ethnic Chinese Directors and producers, building on the success of films shot in Shanghai, China, became involved in the film colonys beginning in 1928, when Nelson Wong complete Lily van Java. Although the Wongs have gone on a break, other ethnic Chinese became involved in the film. Several Chinese companies are recorded since 1929, including the financing of the movie from resia Boroboedoer 1928 and tans the film Njai Dasima in 1929. To the beginning 1930-x years, Chinese enterprises were the dominant force in the country of the film industry.
After the great Depression had reached India, production has slowed considerably: the government of the Netherlands East Indies collected high taxes and the cinema tickets are sold at lower prices, ensuring that there were very low profits to local films. As a result, cinemas in the colony mainly showed Hollywood productions, while the domestic industry decayed. In Dan Chun, who made his debut in 1931 with Boenga Roos Dari Tjikembang, the only manufacturer able to produce films in 1934 and early 1935: its a low budget but popular films were mostly inspired by Chinese mythology and martial arts, and although aimed at the ethnic Chinese proved popular with domestic viewers, because their sequences of actions.
In an attempt to show that local production of, well, movies can be profitable, the Dutch journalist albert Balink, who had no formal film experience, shot Pareh in 1935, in collaboration with Nelson Wong and his brothers. Although the film cost 20 times more than most modern performances, was ultimately a failure, it touched Teng Chuns directorial style, the second took less than traditional history. Balinks the next attempt, the terang Boelan was released two years later. Unlike Pareh hotel terang boelan was a notable commercial success, earning 200.000 Straits dollars, then equivalent to$ 114.470 in two months. These two films, according to the American visual anthropologist Karl G. Heider, Indonesias most important films of the 1930-ies.
Triple the success of terang Boelan, Fatima 1938, and Alang-Alang 1939 revived the domestic film industry. Was created in 1940 four new production facilities and actors and Actresses that were added to theatre troupe entered the film industry, which was to reach new audiences. New construction, fourteen in 1940 and thirty in 1941, as a rule, follow from the Formula approved by terang Boelan songs, beautiful scenery and romance. Others, such as Asmara Moerni, attempted to reach out to the growing native intelligentsia by attracting journalists or activists from the growing nationalist movement in movie.
1.2. History. The Japanese occupation. (Японская оккупация)
After its Genesis in the Dutch colonial era, the Indonesian film industry was combining the Japanese invaders during the Second world war as a propaganda tool. The first thing the Japanese did to stop all production in Indonesia. Then the office of cultural enlightenment 啓民文化指導所 headed by Ishimoto Tokichi appropriated funds from all filmmaking organizations, combining them into a single Studio which became the Jakarta branch of Corporation Japan, the film 日本映画社 or Nichiei. The majority of films produced in Indonesia under the Japanese educational films and newsreels produced for audiences in Japan. The Jakarta branch was strategically located in the extreme southern tip of Japan Empire and soon became a center of newsreel production in this area. Was made popular news serials such as news from the South and Berit film Di Djawa. Japanese newsreel promoted themes such as military service "romusha" work ロムシャの生活, 1944, voluntary enlistment for service in the Imperial army of Japan 南の願望, 1944, and the acquisition of the Japanese language to Indonesian children ニッポン語競技会, 1944.
The great Victory in the Japanese occupation of the Indonesian film industry does not lie in the financial benefits. Local support for the Japanese production of the film Other than newsreels almost negligible and the domestic exhibition market was too underdeveloped to be financially viable. However, Nichiei occupation of the Indonesian film industry was a strategic victory over the West, demonstrating that non-Western Asia could displace Hollywood and the Dutch. Indonesia is one of the last areas in the Empire to surrender and many who worked at Nichiei stayed after the defeat in the work to gain Indonesian independence from the Netherlands.
Korean Director Hae Yeong aka Hinatsu Eitaro was one of those people who have migrated to Java from Korea in 1945, where he made the controversial "documentary" calling Australia 豪州の呼び声, 1944. After the war, Hae changed his name to Dr. Huyung, married an Indonesian woman with whom he had two sons, and directed three films before his death in 1952, between sky and Earth 1951, Gladis Olah raga 1951, and Bunga Rumar makan 1952. Call in Australia was commissioned by the Imperial Japanese army and depicted Japanese prisoner of war camps as if they were country clubs showing prisoners feasting on steak and beer, swimming, and playing sports. After the war, the film caused such a stir that the Netherlands full movie-India rushed into production Nippon presents which used some of the prisoners from calling Australia to expose this film as Japanese lies. In 1987 Australian Director Graham Shirley gathered the survivors to make another documentary about how both conspired to use prisoners for their own purposes.
1.3. History. After the Declaration of independence. (После провозглашения независимости)
After independence, the Sukarno government used it for nationalistic, anti-imperialism purposes. The import of foreign film was banned. After the overthrow of Sukarno in Suhartos new order regime, movies were regulated under the censorship code, which aims to maintain social order and seizure of power in society. YUSMAR Ismail, Director of West Sumatra made a significant contribution in Indonesian film in the 1950-ies and 1960-ies. Djamaluddin film Maliks Persari often emulates American movies and working practices of the Hollywood Studio system, as well as alteration of popular Indian films.
1.4. History. 1980-ies. (1980-х годов)
The industry reached its peak in the 1980-ies, with successful films, such as Naga Bonar 1987 Catatan Si boy and 1989. Warkops Comedy film, directed by Arizal was also successful. In the industry has also found appeal among Teens with such fare as Pintar-pintar Bodoh 1982, and smear the Mundus Ken 1984. Actors during this era included Deddy Kota Bharu, Eva Arnaz, Lydia Kandou, Onky Alexander, Meriam Bellina sooner Karno and Paramitha Rusady. The film Tjoet nja Dhien 1988, winning 9 Citra awards at the Indonesian film festival 1988. It was also the first Indonesian movie chosen for screening at the Cannes film festival where it was awarded best international film in 1989.
1.5. History. 1990-ies. (1990-х годов)
However, imports 1990-ies resumed foreign films, and the artistic quality of Indonesian films was reduced due to competition especially from the USA and Hong Kong. The number of movies produced decreased significantly, from 115 movies in 1990 to just 37 in 1993. Rampant counterfeiting and television also contributed to the degradation of Indonesian movie. In a decade, Indonesian cinema dominated by serial electronic cinema sinetron. Multivision Plus under Raam Punjabi, controlled one of many companies who produced sinetron. Most of the produced films were exploitive, adult-themed B-movies shown in budget for the movie and screenings in the fresh air or straight to video or TV. In 1996, 33 films were made in Indonesia, where the majority of the produced films were filled with adult-themed content, and later dropped significantly. Was made in 1999, only seven domestic films.
1.6. History. 2000s
While moving the organization in the post-Suharto era, independent filmmaking was the revival of the filming industry in Indonesia, where the films of the beginning of the topic that were previously prohibited, such as religion, race, love and other topics.
In 2002, domestic films has risen from 6 in 2001, 10 films, and as the years passed, domestic films increased significantly.
The latest known films include the Ada APA dengan Cinta? Director Rudi Soedjarwo in 2002 Eliana filmmaker Riri Riza, and Arisan! starring Tora Sudiro, which was released in 2005, beauty and Warrior, Indonesia was first released feature-length animated film. In the same year, the STS dir. Riri Riza, based on a biopic of Indonesian activist SOE Hok GNS, was also released.
The release of Ayat-Ayat Cinta, directed by Hanung Bramantyo, attracted one segment of audience like never before in an Indonesian film. The melodramatic story is not to give new approaches to cinematic storytelling, but the crossover between Islam and the modern romance story was able to attract Muslims across the country in theaters.
In 2009, infinite frameworks released their first full-length animation movie, sing to the dawn "Meraih Mimpi" in Indonesian. The movie itself is almost Indonesian, as some of the members are foreigners. However, all artists and dubbers Indonesian and most dubbers-top celebrities such as Gita Gutawa, Surya Saputra, Enjoy C. Noer and others.
1.7. History. 2010 years. (2010 года)
In the period from 2010 to 2011, due to a substantial increase in value added Tax to foreign films cinemas no longer have access to many foreign films, including Oscar-winning films. Foreign films include major box offices from the West and other major producers in the world. This caused a massive effect on the economy. It is assumed that this increases purchasing unlicensed DVD disks. However, even the violation of copyright DVDs now takes longer to obtain. The minimum cost to view a foreign film not screened locally, is 1 million rupees. This is equivalent to$100, as it includes a plane ticket to Singapore.
Indonesian market the film In C, D, E classes, and in connection with this, foreign porn stars such as Sasha grey, Vicky Vette, Maria Ozawa, Sora AOI and Rin Sakuragi were invited to play a role in the movie. Most locally-made movies low-budget horror films.
But local production quality of the film has grown since 2011, it confirmed the international release of films such as the RAID 2011 and its sequel in 2014, about Modus Anomali 2012 Dilema, lovely man, 2012, Java heat 2013 and Pengabdi Setan 2017.
2. Film festivals. (Кинофестивали)
The major film festival of Indonesia is Jakarta international film festival JiFFest held every year in December since 1998. The eighth festival began on 8 December 2006, Babel, a film starring brad pitt and cate Blanchett. The 9th JiFFest was held on 7-16 December 2007.
Jakarta also hosted film festivals such as the 52nd Asia Pacific film festival APFF on 18-22 November 2008.
Another event is the Indonesian film festival Indonesia / FFI, which is held intermittently since 1955. From 1973 to 1992 the festival was held annually and then discontinued until it was later revived in 2004. He is holding a contest that gives awards Citra.
3. Movie theaters. (Кинотеатры)
The record shows that there was a cinema named the Eastern and the elite in 1926 in Bandung. The earliest cinema in Jakarta, al-Hamra savakh Beasar, which was established in 1931. Other old cinemas in Jakarta, "Astoria", "Grand", "Metropol", Rex, Capitol, Rivoli, center, Orion, etc. Starting in 2018, there are about 1700 screens in Indonesia, which is expected to reach 3.000 by 2020. Currently, the cinema 21, cinema CGV and Cinemax to dominate the cinema industry in Indonesia with 1.003, 275 and 203 screens, respectively.
The largest cinema chain in Indonesia, cinema 21, which has cinemas spread throughout thirty cities on the Islands of Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Bali, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Papua. It has 3 separate brands, namely cinema 21, cinema XXI and the premiere, for different target markets. Starting in 2012, cinema 21 sockets are Gradually being renovated to become a cinema of the XXI century.
Another cinema chain is Blitzmegaplex, which opened its first location in 2006. In 2017, the brand name was changed to CGV. From January 2019 it is already open 57 cinemas 249 screens in 21 cities throughout Indonesia. Its Cineplex at the Grand Indonesia in Jakarta, call Indonesia the largest cinema in the Record Muri, the Indonesian Museum.
Cinemax, launched by the Lippo group, opened its first cinema at Plaza Semanggi on August 17, 2014. Currently, Cinemax operates 45 cinemas with more than 200 screens in Indonesia. He plans to open 300 cinemas with 2.000 screens scattered across 85 cities in the next ten years.
In may 2017, Agung guests can have a cinema Flix, with its first production Peak Avenue, North Jakarta. Three months later, he opened his second outlet in Grand Galaxy Park, Bekasi. It is planned the opening of outlets in area 8 shopping centre, South Jakarta and Mall of Indonesia, Bekasi replace the CGV.
Many smaller independent cinemas also exist, such as platinum, a New Star, BES movie, Surya Yudha movie, and Dakota movie.
4. Bibliography. (Библиография)
- Catalog film Indonesia, 1926-2005, JB kristantos Jakarta: Nalar 2006. ISBN 978-979-99395-3-1.
- A to Z about Indonesian film, Ekky Imanjaya Bandung: Mizan 2006.
- Malayalam cinema Marathi cinema Cinema of Orissa Cinema of Punjab Telugu cinema Tulu Cinema Cinema of Indonesia Cinema of Iran Iranian New Wave Cinema of Iraq
- The media of Indonesia consist of several different types of communications media: television, radio, cinema newspapers, magazines, and Internet - based
- in late 1970 after noting that many Indonesian films had disappeared, and documentation of the country s cinema was lacking. He based Sinematek on archives
- CGV Cinemas Indonesia formerly BlitzMegaplex until 2015 and then CGV Blitz from 2015 to 2016 is a movie theater chain in Indonesia In December 2013
- renamed Festival Film Indonesia and became an annual event. The trophy award was named Piala Citra Citra Award The All - Indonesia Cinema Owners Association
- Menteng Cinema Indonesian Bioskop Menteng, Dutch Bioscoop Menteng was a cinema in Jakarta, Indonesia The cinema was designed by Dutch architect J.M
- The culture of indonesia has been shaped by long interaction between original indigenous customs and multiple foreign influences. Indonesia is centrally - located
- The Top Five Shopping Malls In Jakarta Retrieved 2017 - 01 - 13. Putting On the Blitz With Indonesian Cinema The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 2017 - 06 - 09.
- cinema is typified by the cinema of the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia and other Southeast Asian countries. The cinema of Central Asia and the southern
- A list of films produced in Indonesia by year of release. Cinema of Indonesia Nadine co - produces film on Bajo people The Jakarta Post. 2011 - 05 - 04. Retrieved
- still showing in Cinema Pengabdi Setan became the best - selling indonesian film in 2017 and the - best - selling indonesian horror films of all time with 4
- influences Indonesian art, various artistic expressions and artworks in the archipelago Indonesian cinema a struggling and developing industry Indonesian literature
- The term Cinema of Korea or Korean cinema encompasses the motion picture industries of North and South Korea. As with all aspects of Korean life
- Indonesia, owns around 64 of cinemas in Indonesia CGV Cinemas chain owned by CJ CGV, owns around 17 of cinemas in Indonesia Cinepolis previously as
- This is a list of topics related to Indonesia Indonesia List of regencies and cities of Indonesia List of cities in Indonesia including population statistics
- Cultural properties of Indonesia are those items defined by Indonesian law as of important value for history, science, and culture and include both
- The music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped
- Scene Best Running Scene Cinema of Indonesia MTV Indonesia Hadirkan MTV Indonesia Movie Awards Astaga com in Indonesian 13 August 2004. Archived
- likes of Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia Vietnam, Thailand and the Philippines the two of which are collectively known as Far East Asian Cinema The
- century Art Institute of Chicago USA Dvarapala figure 12th - 14th century Art Institute of Chicago Cinema production in Indonesia was pioneered in 1926
- are spoken in eastern Indonesia The official language is Indonesian locally known as bahasa Indonesia a standardised form of Malay, which serves as
- in Indonesia List of World Heritage Sites in Indonesia Cinema of Indonesia Dance in Indonesia Literature of Indonesia Folklore of Indonesia Music of Indonesia
- The cinema of Malaysia consists of feature films produced in Malaysia, shot in the languages English, Tamil, Malay, Mandarin, and Cantonese. Malaysia produces
- List of Academy Award winners and nominees for Best Foreign Language Film List of Academy Award - winning foreign language films Cinema of Indonesia The
- Dance in Indonesia Indonesian Tarian Indonesia reflects the country s diversity of ethnicities and cultures. There are more than 300 ethnic groups in
- Indonesian cuisine is a collection of various regional culinary traditions that formed the archipelagic nation of Indonesia There are a wide variety
- Telugu cinema is the segment of Indian cinema dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Telugu language, widely spoken in the states of Andhra
- Chinese Indonesians Indonesian Orang Indonesia keturunan Tionghoa or in Indonesia simply Orang Tionghoa simplified Chinese: 中华 traditional Chinese:
- Indonesia is officially a republic with a compromise made between the ideas of an Islamic state and a secular state. Indonesia has the world s largest
- ABS - CBN Film Productions, Inc. doing business as Star Cinema or ABS - CBN Films is a Philippine film and television production company and film distributor
Users also searched:
action indonesian movies, indonesia cinema industry, indonesian film industry statistics, indonesian movies 2018, indonesian movies 2019, list of 2017 indonesian films, list of 2018 indonesian films, love indonesian movies, indonesians, indonesian, national, movies, cinema, film, indonesian movies, indonesia, list, indonesias, films, movie, indonesian films, industry, indonesian cinema, cinemas, cinematic, indonesia indonesian cinema, national cinema, cinema of indonesia, list of indonesian films, indonesia cinema industry, love indonesian movies, national film, action indonesian movies, theater, indonesian film, vistacinema, love, action,
|Culture How Indonesias cinema opened up BBC. This book presents a historical overview Indonesian ﬁlm industry, relationship between censorship representation, and the rise of women. .. The heterogeneous voice of Indonesia Calling: Studies in. Mar 20, 2018 On what would have been his 97th birthday, a Google Doodle celebrates the father of modern Indonesian cinema Usmar Ismail.. .. Indonesian Cinema after the New Order Hong Kong University Press. Oct 10, 2016 Heavy censorship under President Suhartos dictatorship stunted Indonesias film industry. But in the atmosphere of freedom that followed his. .. Indonesian Cinema as Part of The World Cultural Heritage Islands. Nov 12, 2013 They have led the way in shopping malls, private hospitals luxury cemeteries and now Indonesias influential Riady family is making a pitch. .. Google Doodle Celebrates Indonesian Filmmaker Usmar Ismail Time. Jan 29, 2010 Abstract article provides a brief history of Indonesian cinema, mainly since independence from Dutch in late 1949. It explores the. .. and Islam in Indonesian Cinema Gender. Mar 4, 2019 Hollywood studios global cinema chains are funding a golden age in Indonesias movie industry as box office receipts soar and new. .. World Cinema Project. Nov 15, 2018 Creative Economy Agency Bekraf chairman Triawan Munaf said he expects the number of cinema screens in Indonesia increase to at least. .. Number of Cinema Screens in Indonesia Expected to Double Over. In Indonesian Cinema after New Order: Going Mainstream, Thomas Barker presents the first systematic and most comprehensive history of contemporary. .. Cinema of Indonesia by Salim Said. book. Read reviews worlds largest community for readers. Includes:an essay, Cinema of Indonesia a modified excerpt from th.||Indonesias cinema industry next big scene Business The Jakarta. Cinemas in 2, 23. ▻ Actresses production companies of 7 C Peran Pemuda dalam Kebangkitan Film Indonesia 77 F.. .. Hollywood Finds a New Golden Age of Cinema in Indonesia. Jan 6, 2014 Studies Australasian Cinema the release and broadcast of his recent essay documentary Indonesia Calling: Joris Ivens in Australia 2009,. .. Indonesia in frame for cinema shake up Financial Times. The Independence of Cinema and Independent Film. A few other classic Indonesian films were shown alongside Lewat Djam Malam. After that. .. Coming soon 2019, a year to watch in Indonesian cinema. Feb 18, 2016 Indonesias opening its fiercely protected cinema industry is whetting the appetite of overseas firms such as South Koreas CJ CGV Co Ltd,. .. Innovation and Tradition in Indonesian Cinema: Third Text: Vol 24. Dec 12, 2018 Indonesian films are of quality that rivals best the world. 2019 will therefore be a year in cinema to watch.. .. Indonesia World Cinema Amsterdam. Each festival zooms on the cinema of a specific country or region. year its Indonesia. In this programme we offer feature films, documentaries. .. Category:Cinema of Indonesia media Commons. May 26, 2016 In Indonesia, there are only 1117 cinema screens serving a population of some 250 million people.. .. Coming soon to Indonesia: a battle over the cinema industry Reuters. Cinema Project WCP preserves and restores neglected around the world. To date, 40 films from Prev 1234 Next. INDONESIA 1954.|
no need to download or install
Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!online intellectual game →