★ Cinema of Egypt
The cinema of Egypt refers to the flourishing film industry in Cairo. Since 1976, in the capital held the annual Cairo international film festival, which was accredited by the International Federation of associations of film producers. There is another festival in Alexandria. Of the more than 4.000 short and feature-length films made in the region since 1908, more than three-quarters were Egyptian movies.
1.1. History. Beginning. (Начало)
A limited number of silent films were made in Egypt beginning in 1896, 1927s Lila was notable as the first feature. Cairos film industry became a regional force with the coming of sound. Between 1930 and 1936, various small studios, at least 44 feature films. In 1936 appeared Studio Misr, financed by industrialist Talaat Harb, as the leading Egyptian equivalent of Hollywoods major studios, a role the company retained for three decades.
Historians disagree in determining the beginning of cinema in Egypt. Some say that in 1896 when the first film watched in Egypt, while the other dates from June 20, 1907, a short documentary about the visit of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II to the Institute of Mursi Abul-Abbas in Alexandria. In 1917, the Director Mohamed Karim established a production company in Alexandria. The company has released two films: the dead flowers and honor the Bedouin, which were shown in Alexandria in early 1918.
Since then, more than 4000 films have been produced in Egypt, three quarters of the total Arab production. Egypt is the most productive country in the middle East in the field of film production, and with the most developed system of mass media.
1.2. History. The Golden Age. (Золотой Век)
In the 1940s, 1950s and 1960-ies are generally considered Golden age Egyptian cinema. In 1950-ies in the Egyptian film industry was the worlds third largest. As in the West, films responded popular imagination, with most falling into predictable genres happy endings to be the norm, and many actors make a career out of playing strongly typed parts. In the words of one critic, "if an Egyptian film intended for popular audiences lacked any of these prerequisites, it constituted a betrayal of the unwritten contract with the spectator, the results of which will manifest themselves at the box office."
In 1940, the entrepreneur and translator Anis Ebeid established "Anis Ebeid films", as the first subtitling company in Egypt and the middle East, in hundreds of American and world cinema in Egypt. He later entered the film distribution business.
The political changes in Egypt after the overthrow of king Farouk in 1952, initially had little effect on Egyptian film. The Nasser regime sought control over the industry only after turning to socialism in 1961. By 1966, the Egyptian film industry was nationalized. As with all issues in this period, diametrical opinions about the film industry then. In the words of Ahmed Ramzi, a leading man of that era," he went to the dogs." "Heavy government hand" that accompanied nationalization of Egyptian film "stifled innovative trends and sapped it dynamism". However, considering a rather modern moderate review like that given by Dubai international film festival, most of the 44 Egyptian films featuring in the best 100 Arab films of all time were produced during this period. Famous titles include night of counting the years, Cairo and the postman.
In the 1970s, Egyptian films to find a balance between politics and entertainment. Films such as 1972s Khalli Balak min zouzou author follow author zouzou, starring "the Cinderella of Arab cinema", Suad Hosni, sought to ensure a balance between politics and entertainment. Author zouzou integrated music, dance, and contemporary fashions into a story that balanced campus ferment with family melodrama.
1.3. History. The transition period. (Переходный период)
In the late 1970-ies and 1980-ies saw the Egyptian film industry in decline, with the advent of what are called "contractor movies". Actor Khaled El Sawy has described these films, where there is no plot, no action and no production quality of any kind. the basic formula movies that aimed at obtaining short-term profits". Number of movies has also decreased from nearly 100 films a year in the industrys Prime a dozen in 1995. This lasted until summer 1997, when the "Ismailia Rayeh Gayy" translation: Ismailia back and shocked the film industry enjoying unparalleled success and large profits for the producers, introducing Mohammed Fouad is a famous singer and Mohamed Henedi, it is rather unknown actor who later became the number one comedian star. Building on the success of that movie, several Comedy films were released in subsequent years.
1.4. History. Present. (Присутствует)
Since the 1990s years, the Egyptian cinema has gone in separate directions. Smaller films will attract international attention, but a rare visit home. Popular films, often broad comedies such as the lie!, and extremely profitable comedian Mohamed Saad, battle to hold audiences drawn to Western films or, increasingly, fears of a perceived immorality of film.
Several productions, such as sugar 2003s-El-Jeddah, sleepless nights, intertwined stories of four bourgeois couples and 2006s Emirate visited singer, honored artist of the yacoubian building bridge this gap through a combination of high artistic quality and popularity.
In 2006, the film Awkat Faragh leisure was released. Social commentary about the reduction in the number of Egyptian youth, the film was shot on a low budget and attendant low production values. However, the film was successful. Its controversial subject matter, namely sexual connotation in modern society, was considered as proof that the industry is beginning to take risks.
The most important task of Egyptian and international scientists, students and fans of Egyptian film is the lack of resources, in terms of published works, to maintain and provide copies of the films themselves, and development in Egypt of state and private institutions dedicated to the study and preservation of the film. Egyptian national cinema center ENFC, which theoretically contains copies of all films made after 1961, is according to one Egyptian film researcher, "is far from the library, houses piles of rusty cans containing positive copies."
In 2007, however, there has been a significant increase in the number of Egyptian films. In 1997, the number of Egyptian feature-length films created was 16, 10 years later, that number had increased to 40. Cash reports also showed significant growth, as Egyptian movies earned around $ 50 million while American movies, by comparison, earned $ 10 million.
2. Festivals. (Фестивали)
Since 1976, Cairo has held annual Cairo international film festival, which was accredited by the International Federation of associations of film producers. Another festival held in Alexandria.
- Eastern Cinema collectively refers to the film industries of the Middle East. By definition, it encompasses the film industries of Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt Iraq
- 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Cinema of Egypt Egyptian film at the Internet Movie Database Egyptian film at el Cinema com
- made in Egypt Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Kuwait, Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. However, Egypt is a pioneer among Arab countries in the field of cinema Each
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- between North African and Sub - Saharan cinema and between the cinemas of different countries. The cinema of Egypt is one of the oldest in the world. Auguste
- of Egyptian cinema and the Egyptian media throughout the Arabic - speaking world. Today many foreign students tend to learn it throughout Egyptian songs
- along with the cinema of Egypt The cinema of Central Asia is often grouped with the Middle East or, in the past, the cinema of the Soviet Union during
- Ancient Egypt Contemporary art in Egypt Cinema of Egypt Literature of Egypt Music of Egypt Television in Egypt Theatre in Egypt Sports in Egypt Egypt at the
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- region due to the popularity and huge influence of Egyptian Cinema and Music industries. The tonal structure of Oriental Middle Eastern music is defined by
- The cinema of Armenia was born on April 16, 1923, when the Armenian State Committee of Cinema was established by government decree. The first Armenian
- The cinema of Lebanon, according to film critic and historian Roy Armes, is the only other cinema in the Arabic - speaking region, beside Egypt s, that
- Egyptian - style theatres are based on the traditional and historic design elements of Ancient Egypt The first Egyptian Theatre to be constructed in the
- films currently on Wikipedia, see Category: Egyptian films. Egyptian films of 1967 at the Internet Movie Database Egyptian films of 1967 at el Cinema com
- films currently on Wikipedia, see Category: Egyptian films. Egyptian films of 1986 at the Internet Movie Database Egyptian films of 1986 el Cinema com
- films currently on Wikipedia, see Category: Egyptian films. Egyptian films of 1931 at the Internet Movie Database Egyptian films of 1931 el Cinema com
- films currently on Wikipedia, see Category: Egyptian films. Egyptian films of 1958 at the Internet Movie Database Egyptian films of 1958 el Cinema com
- The media of Egypt is highly influential in Egypt and in the Arab World, attributed to its large audience and its historically TV and film industry supplies
- The cinema of Pakistan or Pakistani cinema Urdu: پاک ستانی سینما refers to the filmmaking industry in Pakistan. Pakistan is home to several film studios
- in Egypt 1897 - 1939 Bibliotheca Alexandria. The Early Years of Documentaries and Short Films in Egypt at Bibliotheca Alexandria s Alex Cinema Egyptian
- Egypt also referred to as Egyptian Turks, Turkish - Egyptians and Turco - Egyptians Arabic: أتراك مصر Turkish: Mısır Turkleri are Egyptian citizens of
- Armenians in Egypt are a community with a long history. They are a minority with their own language, churches, and social institutions. The number of Armenians
- has been mainly managed by the National Organization for Cinema a department of Ministry of Culture. The film industry blossomed in the 1960s, despite
- The Parliament of Egypt officially the House of Representatives Arabic: مجلس النواب Majles Al Nowwab is currently a unicameral legislature though
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- The politics of Egypt is based on republicanism, with a semi - presidential system of government. The current political system was established following
- probably due to the influence of Egyptian cinema and music industry throughout the Arabic - speaking world. In southern Egypt Saidi Arabic is the main spoken
- Cinema has always been one of the most popular forms of entertainment in the city of Delhi, India. Therefore, movie theatres are major entertainment venues
- good in Egypt and left only to America and France, not Israel - and still it was banned. Egypt portal Judaism portal Film portal Cinema of Egypt Joseph
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