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★ Birr Castle - castle ..

Birr Castle
                                     

★ Birr Castle

Birr castle-a large castle in Birr, County Offaly, Ireland. This is the home of the 7th Earl of Rosse, and as such the residential areas of the castle not open to the public, although the gardens of the estate are publicly available.

                                     

1. Website Historical Research Center. (Сайт Исторического Научно-Исследовательского Центра)

The castle grounds are also home to Irelands historic science centre, a Museum of Irelands historic scientists and their contributions to astronomy and botany.

                                     

2. History. (История)

There was a castle on the site since 1170, and from the 14th to the 17th century the family ruled here Ocarroll better known as "Eli Carrol".

After the death of sir Charles Ocarroll, sir Laurence Parsons died in 1628, was granted Birr castle and 1.277 acres 5.2 km 2 of Land in 1620. Parsons engaged English masons in the construction of a new castle on the site. This construction took place, not in place OCarrolls Black tower has disappeared, but at its gatehouse. "Extreme" was added to the gatehouse diagonally in both directions, giving the castle the plan it retains today.

After the death of sir Laurence Parsons and of his elder son Richard, the castle passed to his youngest son William. During the Irish rebellion of 1641 William was besieged at Birr for fifteen months by Catholic forces. After the Civil war, Lawrence Williams, son of baronet from 1677 restored castle.

A later descendant, the 2nd Earl of Rosse, also engaged in some renovations and heightened and "Gothicised" the castle in the early 19th century. In turn, his son, 3rd Earl of Ross, was responsible for the construction of the great telescope in Birr. When completed in 1845 it was the largest telescope on earth, and is able to capture more light, and further, seeing into space than any telescope had done before. Birr therefore became a centre of astronomical observations, and visitors came the Observatory from all over the world - including Charles Babbage and I. H., Napoleon Eugene, Prince Imperial.

When the 3rd Earl died, his sons carried on the scientific tradition, and the 4th Earl of Ross is noted for measuring the heat of the moon. After his death in 1908, however, the telescope fell into disrepair, the mirror was taken to the science Museum in London, and, about 1914, telescopes the supporting structure was melted down to be used in the First world war. In 1925, the wooden structures around the walls were demolished for security reasons. After several attempts the interim restoration, the telescope was completely restored in the late 1990-ies.

                                     

3. The "great Telescope" and other features. ("Большой телескоп" и другие особенности)

The main feature of the castle is the "great telescope" or Leviathan of Parsonstown telescope or Ross) third Earl of Rosse, an astronomical telescope with 183-72 cm reflector. It was completed in 1845 and was used for several decades before the last observations were made in the early years of the 20th century. Its record size was not surpassed until the completion of the 100-inch 2.5-meter hooker telescope at the Observatory mount Wilson in 1917. It was dismantled in 1914, but the structure was rebuilt and the telescope was reconstructed in the 1990-ies and is open to the public.

In 2017, bluefish radio telescope station IE613 was built on the grounds of the castle. This station Western network bluefish. I-bluefish telescope, in 2018, is the first time over a billion years of the red dwarf flare star CN Leo called, nearly 75 trillion kilometers.

Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Ross and his mother, Mary Parsons, Countess of Ross, were famous photographers and her darkroom, which is also in the exhibition, is considered the oldest surviving example in the world.

On the grounds of the castle contain the oldest wrought-iron bridge in Ireland Dating from 1820.

In the on-site gardens have hedges that are over 300 years old. They also, according to the Guinness Book of records, the tallest hedge in the world.

The Irish entry in the European tree contest 2014 was the Birr castle grey poplar Populus X canescens. February 12, 2014, when voting was still open, it was blown down in a storm.



                                     
  • exquisite fanlight windows of the Georgian period. The town is known for Birr Castle and its gardens, home of the Parsons family and also the Leviathan of
  • Birr may refer to: Birr County Offaly, a town in Ireland Birr Castle a castle in Birr Ireland Birr UK Parliament constituency a UK parliamentary
  • built by William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse on his estate, Birr Castle at Parsonstown now Birr in County Offaly, Ireland Parsons improved the techniques
  • the family. His grandson Laurence Parsons was created a Baronet, of Birr Castle in King s County, in the Baronetage of Ireland in 1677, but was attainted
  • October 1936 is an Irish peer. He is also 10th Baronet Parsons, of Birr Castle Lord Rosse was the eldest son of Laurence Michael Harvey Parsons, 6th
  • responsible for keeping over five hundred men employed in work in and around Birr Castle where she and her husband lived. The Countess of Rosse gave birth to
  • Sir William Parsons, 4th Baronet of Birr Castle 6 May 1731 1 May 1791 was an Irish politician and baronet. He was the son of Sir Laurence Parsons
  • astronomical assistant of Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse at Birr Castle in Birr Ireland, and remained in that position until the death of the Earl
  • Little Brosna River in central Ireland. It joins the Little Brosna in the Birr Castle Desmesne in County Offaly. The Little Brosna, in turn, joins the River
  • Leviathan of Parsonstown built, a 72 - inch 6 feet 1.83 m telescope at Birr Castle Parsonstown, County Offaly. The 72 - inch 1.8 m telescope replaced a
  • was first discovered in 1850 by Bindon Blood Stoney during his time at Birr Castle in Ireland. Lenticular galaxy List of NGC objects 1 1000 Pisces constellation
                                     
  • returned home to Birr Castle County Offaly, where he died on 10 June 1918 at the age of 44. He is buried in family vault at the Birr Old Graveyard. He
  • 951 people over the age of 65. Birr in the south of the county is best known for its castle and gardens. Birr Castle is owned by the Parsons family
  • on the death of the fourth Baronet in 1812. The Parsons Baronetcy, of Birr Castle in the King s County, was created in the Baronetage of Ireland on 15
  • 1658 Sir William Parsons, 2nd Baronet of Birr Castle died 1741 Sir William Parsons, 4th Baronet of Birr Castle 1731 1791 Irish politician William Parsons
  • 72 reflecting telescope at Birr Castle in County Offaly, Ireland. The object was described very faint, small E in Birr diagram in the New General
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  • World War II. At the beginning of the World War II, Acton sent back to Birr Castle Parsons collection of Chinese Art. Payne, Tom 2003 A brilliant boy
  • Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse. The family seat is Birr Castle County Offaly, Ireland, and the town of Birr was called Parsonstown, after the family, from
  • Doe Castle or Caislean na dTuath, near Creeslough, County Donegal, was the historical stronghold of Clan tSuibhne Clan MacSweeney with architectural
                                     
  • Ireland. Laurence Parsons is created Sir Laurence Parsons, 1st Baronet, of Birr Castle in the King s County, in the Baronetage of Ireland. Froinsias O Maolmhuaidh s
  • Ralph Copeland on January 9, 1874. He was using the 72 telescope at Birr Castle in an observation of Arp 166, which is composed of two interacting galaxies
  • remained the world s largest until 1917. Ward was a frequent visitor to Birr Castle producing sketches of each stage of the process. Along with photographs
  • Kinnitty Castle or Castle Bernard is a 19th - century gothic revival castle and hotel in Kinnitty Cionn Eitigh County Offaly, Ireland. It is located north
  • Ormond Castle Irish: Caislean Urmhumhan is a castle on the River Suir on the east side of Carrick - on - Suir, County Tipperary, Ireland. The oldest part
  • Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house situated in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. The house was built by Sir Toby Caulfeild between
  • observation of NGC 488 using Lord Rosse s 72 reflecting telescope at Birr Castle in County Offaly, Ireland. The object was initially described by Stoney
  • Castle Roche Irish: Dun Gall is a Norman castle located some 10 km 7 miles north - west of Dundalk, County Louth, Ireland. It was the seat of the De
  • 8 06 40 W 54.655 N 8.111 W 54.655 - 8.111 Donegal Castle Irish: Caislean Dhun na nGall is a castle situated in the centre of Donegal Town in County Donegal
  • Blarney Castle Irish: Caislean na Blarnan is a medieval stronghold in Blarney, near Cork, Ireland, and the River Martin. Though earlier fortifications

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